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From Then to Now - Stop Foreign Intervention in Africa!
News, Articles, Info ......
As part of our effort to combat foreign ideological and political intervention in Africa, STOPFIIA will be sharing current research into Africa's own ideological and political traditions, which as Cabral points out, need to form the basis of African liberation from foreign domination and intervention...Read more here...
On 26 April, the US House of Representatives passed the Countering Malign Russian Activities in Africa Act. The bill is now being discussed in the US Senate’s Committee on Foreign Relations and if it is passed in the Senate, will be sent to the US president to be signed into law. The Act which was introduced by Democratic Congressman Gregory Meeks seeks to punish individuals, businesses and governments which maintain friendly relations with the Russian Federation and refuse to attach themselves to the US/NATO warmongering campaign to ostracise and isolate Russia... read more
On Saturday 20 March, a delegation led by U.S. Senator Chris Coons, acting as an envoy of US President Joe Biden, arrived in Ethiopia for talks with the country’s de-facto government led by Abiy Ahmed. In the lead up to the trip, the White House released a statement by its National Security Advisor, Jake Sullivan, which outlined the purpose of Coons’ visit as being to “….. convey President Biden’s grave concerns about the humanitarian crisis and human rights abuses in the Tigray region and the risk of broader instability in the Horn of Africa. He will also consult with the African Union on how to advance the region’s shared interests in peace and prosperity”...
On 4 November, the de facto prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed, ordered a military attack on the regional state of Tigray, in what he described as a ‘law and order operation’ to arrest the leadership of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) which was elected to govern Tigray state in September this year. Abiy’s unelected government declared the Tigray elections to be unconstitutional.
The war which is driven by internal contradictions within Ethiopia has already generated foreign involvement from both near and far. The Eritrean army is reported to be fully involved in the military assault on Tigray and there have also been reports that the government of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has become involved in the conflict through the use of drones from its base in Assab,
Eritrea... read more
The case of Remdesivir
How an unproven and potentially dangerous Covid19 drug treatment could be unleashed on Africa
Added 18 May 2020
On 12 May the US Big Pharma corporation, Gilead Sciences Inc. announced that it had signed a licensing agreement with a number of drug manufacturers to produce the drug Remdesivir as a treatment for Covid 19 in what it described as ‘low-income and lower-middle-income countries’. Gilead also announced that they were in advanced discussions with UNICEF “to utilize their extensive experience providing medicines to low- and middle-income countries during emergency and humanitarian crises to deliver remdesivir using its well-established distribution networks”. The manufacturing companies who have signed the deal with Gilead are Cipla, Jubilant Lifesciences and Hetero Labs from India, Mylan, a Dutch registered company whose... read more
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) is reported to be one of the wealthiest private charitable foundations in the world. Its 3 trustees, the multi-billionaire couple, Bill and Melinda Gates, and the financial oligarch, Warren Buffet, are among the world’s 5 richest people, with an estimated net worth between them of over US$250 billion. According to the organisation, at the end of 2018, which are the most recent figures available, its endowment funds stood at US$46.8 billion. This is greater than the gross domestic product of 43 of the countries in Africa. In addition, the organisation employs a workforce of nearly 1500 people and in its management and conduct is indistinguishable from any trans-national corporation... read more
The British government deepens its interference in Africa
Added 24 May 2019
In preparation for its uncertain exit from the European Union, the British government is deepening its destructive interference in Africa as part of its efforts to revive its dead empire, rebranded as Global Britain. In this regard, Britain’s Foreign Secretary, Jeremy Hunt, visited 5 African countries, Senegal, Ghana, Nigeria, Ethiopia and Kenya, between 29 April and the 3 May. Britain’s Foreign Office described the aim of Hunt’s visit as “making the case for new UK partnerships across Africa”.
In reality, however, the new ‘partnerships’ which Hunt is seeking to establish are nothing other than the old ‘partnerships’ of racism, colonial oppression and economic plunder for which Britain is notorious across the continent ... read more
US builds drone base in Niger
Added 30 May 2018
News agencies report that the United States Air Force is building a multi-million dollar base for armed drones in Niger. The Niger Air Base 201 is expected to be functional by early 2019 and lies a few miles outside Agadez, Niger. U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) spokeswoman Samantha Reho has attempted to justify the base by claiming that it “will be crucial in the fight against extremism”. “The location in Agadez will improve U.S. Africa Command’s capability to facilitate intelligence-sharing that better supports Niger and other partner nations, such as Nigeria, Chad, Mali and other neighbours in the region and will improve our capability to respond to regional security issues,” Reho said... read more
One of the most important aspects of continued foreign intervention in Africa concerns the plundering of cultural artefacts by the imperialist countries not least by Britain and its major cultural institutions. This has been highlighted recently by the so-called Magdala 1868 exhibition which opened at the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A) in London in April 2018. Magdala 1868 is an exhibition of important cultural treasures including a crown, a royal wedding dress and various religious items plundered from the then Ethiopian capital of Magdala (Maqdala) during an invasion by British troops in 1868... read more
The role of the United Nations in Libya’s suffering
Added 12 March 2018
On 9 February, the Panel of Experts of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Committee concerning Libya provided its interim report to this committee. The UN has not published the interim report nor made public its 11 recommendations but the Committee declared it would be following up 8 of these which related to its own work. This committee is currently chaired by Olof Skoog, Sweden’s representative to the UN and its resolutions are drafted by the UK mission to the UN, which is the current penholder for this committee... read more
The EU AU summit – the EU must end its interference in Africa
Added 11 December 2017
On 30 November, the two day EU-AU summit came to a close in Abidjan, the capital of Côte D’Ivoire. Commentators noted the neo-colonial overtones in the choice of venue, given that the current president of that country, Alassane Ouattara, was installed by French paratroopers in 2010 while the previous president, Laurent Gbagbo, is languishing in a prison cell in the Netherlands, another African victim awaiting his turn in the hands of the so-called International Criminal Court.
This reality was confirmed by the French president, Emmanuel Macron, who, on his way to Abidjan, delivered another one of his anti-African outbursts during his stop-over in Burkina Faso... read more
21st Century Missionaries – trans-national NGOs in Africa
Added 19 September 2017
as in the USA and Canada. In Kenya alone in 2016, there were some 12,000 foreign expatriates working for such NGOs. These trans-national NGOs, which number in their thousands across the continent, are active in all aspects of Africa’s social, economic and political life and represent a force aimed at undermining African independence and reinforcing Africa’s neo-colonial relationship with various big powers... read more
‘Land-grabbing’ in Africa – a complex issue
Added 29 August 2017
Foreign intervention in the form of owning African land is a vast and complex subject. This complexity is increased by the difficulty of accessing accurate information and the need to understand the issue in its context. Two important sources of information on the topic are a 2009 report published by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) entitled ‘Land grab or development opportunity?: Agricultural investment and international land deals in Africa’ and a 2011 Oxfam report ‘Land Grabbing in Africa: A review of impacts and possible policy responses’. The former was based on research in 5 countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Madagascar, Mali and Sudan) carried out over a period of 5 months covering deals greater than 1000 hectares (a hectare is roughly the size of a football field) over the time frame of 2004-2009. The latter was compiled in 2011 by Tinyade Kachika, a senior legal researcher at Oxfam... read more
Foreign military bases on the rise in Africa
Added 15 August 2017
One of the most concerning developments in the struggle between various foreign powers for control over Africa’s resources and exploitation of its people is the rise of the number of foreign military bases being established on the continent. Using as their pretexts, the so-called struggle against terrorism and piracy and the provision of humanitarian assistance, various foreign powers are establishing bases across Africa. ... read more
G20 Summit proposals reflect new scramble for control of Africa’s human and material resources
Added 6 August 2017
The recent summit meeting of the G20 countries in Hamburg, Germany, was the occasion for increasing contention between the big powers over the wealth of the African continent. The governments of Britain and Germany were the most active, both in response to the unprecedented activity of China, which now dominates Africa’s international trade. The new scramble for control of Africa’s human and material resources is well under way..... read more
How G4S stretches its tentacles into Africa
Added 16 June 2017
G4S, the infamous British ‘security’ firm has over the last 40 years spread its tentacles deep into Africa. Today, this huge monopoly, which with nearly 700,000 employees in 125 countries boasts of being the second largest private sector employer in the world, has also established a considerable presence in Africa. With over 111,000 employees in more than 29 countries on the continent, it is now the largest private employer in Africa. In addition it has some 58,000 customers in Africa, including governments, businesses and non-governmental organisations.... read more
Corruption and Poverty in Africa can only be ended by breaking all neo-colonial ties
Added 2 June 2017
The British charity Oxfam has recently produced an extensive report on inequality and corruption in Nigeria, entitled Inequality in Nigeria: Exploring the Drivers. Nigeria is currently Africa’s biggest economy but it is well-known that 70% of its population or about 112 million people live in abject poverty, without even basic facilities such as clean water and sanitation. Nigeria is an example of a global phenomenon that a capital-centred system is incapable of meeting the needs of its population, that those who are the wealth creators live in poverty, and that the rich are getting richer and the poor becoming poorer. It is now estimated that just sixty-two people in the world have as much wealth as the poorest 50% of humans, and the richest 1% have more wealth than the other 99% of humanity combined.
Nigeria is not only Africa’s largest economy and a major oil producer but also one of the fastest growing with annual growth rates of around 7% since the year 2000. Yet the number of poor people, those living on less than $2 per day has grown overall and as a percentage of the entire ...... read more
The Commonwealth remains a means to perpetuate neo-colonialism and is an anachronism in the 21st century
Added 13 April 2017
The government has recently made great efforts to strengthen the neo-colonial ties that exist in the so-called Commonwealth, the organisation of some fifty-two states around the world, most of which were former British colonies. Eighteen of these countries over one third of all the members of the Commonwealth are located in the African continent. Indeed, Africa is the continent that has the most Commonwealth member states and the largest number that are not former colonies of Britain such as Namibia, Mozambique and Rwanda.
The British government’s plans, especially those involving African countries, are apparently such a significant aspect of the new post-Brexit ‘Global Britain’ that some government officials began referring to them as ‘Empire 2.0,’ a phrase that subsequently appeared in the press, ahead of the inaugural summit of Commonwealth trade ministers held in London last week....... read more
EU plans to hold Africans in camps in Libya run into opposition
Added 23 February 2017
Plans by the EU to hold Africans in camps in Libya in order to prevent them entering Europe have run into opposition from various forces in that country. These plans were announced at the recently concluded EU heads of government conference in Malta. At this conference, EU heads of government confirmed their intention to block, as far as possible, Africans crossing the Mediterranean to arrive in Europe. In this context, the EU voiced its full support for the memorandum of understanding which was struck on 3 February 2017 between the government of Italy and a representative of the Government of National Accord (GNA) which is the armed faction in Libya that is backed by the EU... read more
The EU deepens its interference in Africa to block Africans arriving in Fortress Europe
Added 6 February 2017
Meeting in the Maltese capital of Valetta on 3 February, the EU heads of governments expressed their support for the EU’s policy of deepening its interference in North Africa and the Sahel region of West Africa. In its declaration at the end of the meeting, the EU declared its intention to “to take additional action to significantly reduce migratory flows along the Central Mediterranean route”. This stated policy is aimed at blocking the arrival in Europe of Africans fleeing the chaos caused by the economic and military intervention of the EU member states in various African countries. The declaration further stated the EU’s intention of ensuring the “mainstreaming of migration within its Official Development Assistance for Africa”. This policy which is elaborated in the EU document ‘Migration on the Central Mediterranean route: Managing flows, saving lives’ sets out the EU’s plans for achieving its goals with regard to “illegal” African migration into the territories of the EU member countries... read more
The Westminster Foundation for Democracy – a racist and colonialist institution for furthering British interference in Africa
Added 10 January 2017
One of the most pervasive and destructive features of foreign intervention in Africa is the ideological and political interference by various big powers in the lives of Africa and its peoples. As Amilcar Cabral pointed out, this intervention is aimed at breaking the independent African historical journey, disempowering Africans and pushing them down into a state of oppression.
The Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD) is a British limited company that actively and unashamedly pursues a policy of ideological and political interference in Africa in support of the interests of Britain’s monopolies. This organisation, which was established in March 1992, describes itself as “an arms-length non-departmental public body which operates closely with, but is independent of, the UK Government”......... read more
The BBC World Service, Soft Power and Foreign Intervention in Africa
Added 22 November 2016
It has recently been reported that the British government will step up its intervention in Africa through the expansion of the BBC World Service in the continent. The BBC has this week announced the largest expansion of its World Service since the 1940s with plans to broadcast in eleven new languages worldwide. Six of those languages – Afaan Oromo, Amharic, Tigrinya, Yoruba, Igbo and Pidgin are mainly spoken within the African continent and it is evident that there is a particular focus on three countries, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Nigeria...... read more
The Significance of China's Military Activity in Djibouti
Added 18 October 2016
“China is expanding its military ties across Africa, and even constructing a naval base in Djibouti. The shift began towards the end of the Hu Jintao era (2002–2012), when Beijing declared the protection of Chinese overseas interests to be a foreign policy priority, and, based on this, announced a China–Africa Cooperative Partnership for Peace and Security.
Its direct involvement in African security has been taken to a new level under President Xi Jinping. Cooperation with Africa on peace and security is now an explicit part of Beijing’s foreign policy”........ read more
The essence of Britain’s economic intervention in Africa has remained unchanged since the days of slavery and colonialism
Added 31 August 2016
British imperialism is notorious in history as one of the main plunderers of Africa’s wealth from the days of slavery and colonialism. Despite its determined efforts to turn reality on its head and present itself as a force which allegedly “gives Africa aid”, the facts demonstrate beyond any reasonable doubt that Britain remains a parasite on Africa’s economy. A recently published War on Want study, entitled, “The New Colonialism: Britain's scramble for Africa's energy and mineral resources” provides further proof, if any was needed, of the damaging effects of Britain’s economic intervention in Africa.
The study focuses on the activities of 101monopolies which are listed on the London Stock Exchange, operate in 37 African countries and between them “control over $1 trillion worth of Africa’s most valuable resources”, including gold, platinum, diamonds, copper, oil, gas and coal. These monopolies control entire branches of the economies of different African countries, thereby making them the key decision makers in these sectors. In this way, African independence is negated and it becomes impossible for African governments to formulate any coherent economic policy aimed at addressing the challenges of social and economic development on the continent.....read more
Britain, the other big powers and the imperialist system of states are responsible for global instability, poverty and the refugee crisis
Added 16 June 2016
According to reports from the UN Refugee Agency, over 200,000 refugees have crossed the Mediterranean already this year and over 2500 have lost their lives. Nearly nine hundred people lost their lives making the hazardous crossing in the last week of May this year. The majority of migrants who lost their lives embark from Libya and attempt to reach Italy and this route is particularly dangerous. Most of the migrant/refugees in Libya originate in West Africa as well as from countries such as Somalia and Eritrea. It is estimated that there are currently around 800,000 migrants still waiting in Libya to cross the Mediterranean. In addition, there are thousands more from Syria, Afghanistan and other war zones and impoverished areas seeking a new life in Europe and often at the mercy of organized criminals....... read more
US and Senegal sign new agreements
Added 12 June 2016
In a further example of the growing United States military presence in Africa an agreement was recently signed with Senegal.During the 2013 Ebola medical episode Senegal was a base for US military aircraft to transport troops, health workers and equipment to Liberia.Senegal also hosted the annual U.S.-led counter-extremism Flintlock military exercises for West African forces earlier this year and the country is reported to be in need of assistance due to instability in Mali, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast. This putative danger is the pretext for the updated US/Senegal agreement...... read more
India in Africa
Added 2 June 2016
“Compared to other major world economies, India is an emerging economy, but it is making inroads into Africa. Indian investment flow in Africa is significant, at $50 billion in 2014, although the vast majority of that goes to the tax haven Mauritius. Still, Indian companies are active in a number of sectors in African economies, among them automobiles, services (mainly telecommunications and finance), pharmaceuticals, construction and resources.” The Diplomat Nov 13, 2015
India has no single document outlining its foreign policy strategy and has been criticised internally as such but one can discern it priorities from it actions according to Dhruva Jaishanka:
“But beyond normalising and enhancing relations with the US, Modi’s international priorities were quickly made evident. Within his first year, he embarked upon state visits to India’s immediate neighbourhood, three crucial Indian Ocean island countries, important Asia-Pacific powers (China, Japan, and Australia), and eventually Western Europe..... read more
How privatisation opens education in Africa to foreign control
Added 16 May 2016
Since the unleashing of neo-liberal globalisation, the main imperialist financial institutions, such as the IMF and World Bank, have pushed privatisation in Africa, through their structural adjustment programmes and conditions attached to their programmes and loans. As a result, over the last 25 years, African countries have seen a relentless rise in the transfer of economic entities and entire sections of their economies into foreign control. Initially, the privatisation was focused on state owned economic enterprises, including factories, banks, and shipping companies but expanded to include basic infrastructure, such as railways and water provision, and is now moving into the provision of basic services such as education. The case of Bridge International Academies and its activities throughout Africa highlight the grave dangers that this process poses of reversing even the limited gains made as a result of the independence struggles.
Bridge International Academies (BIA) is a private company which was set up in 2008 by two American business people, Jay Kimmelman and Shannon May. Its declared aim is to be ‘the global leader in providing education to families who live on $2 a day per person or less’. Their intention is to be educating at least 10 million children in Africa and Asia by 2023. Currently, some of the main investors in BIA include Bill Gates, the Microsoft billionaire, the Zuckerberg Education Ventures of the Facebook founder, a venture capital firm, LearnCapital, the International Finance Corporation of the World Bank and Britain’s Department for International Development. In 2014, at the World Economic Forum on Africa, the founders of this company were named social entrepreneurs of the year. ...... read more
There can be no justification for Britain’s intervention in Libya. No to foreign intervention in Africa!
Added 11 May 2016
In 2002 a little known former foreign policy advisor to Tony Blair named Robert Cooper wrote a now infamous article The Post Modern State and the World Order justifying a ‘new kind of imperialism.’ Cooper, who went on to to become a Special Advisor at the European Commission and a member of the European Council on Foreign Relations argued that there is the postmodern world of the EU, NATO and the other big powers and what he referred to as the ‘premodern world’ which included Africa. According to Cooper:
‘The challenge to the postmodern world is to get used to the idea of double standards. Among ourselves, we operate on the basis of laws and open cooperative security. But when dealing with more old-fashioned kinds of states outside the postmodern continent of Europe, we need to revert to the rougher methods of an earlier era - force, pre-emptive attack, deception, whatever is necessary to deal with those who still live in the nineteenth century world of every state for itself. Among ourselves, we keep the law but when we are operating in the jungle, we must also use the laws of the jungle.’. ...... read more
Foreign intervention in Libya must be brought to an end
Added 19 April 2016
Five years after the event the media has been full of reports of an interview with US President Obama, in which he alleges that the ‘worst mistake’ of his presidency was ‘failing to plan for the day after…intervening in Libya.’ Of course Obama did not mean that the NATO invasion of a sovereign African country in order to effect regime change and the assassination of its head of state was a mistake. In the same interview he made clear that in his mind US intervention ‘was the right thing to do.’
It speaks volumes about the nature of US imperialism and its chieftain that such a statement can be made. How is it conceivable that the commander in chief of the most powerful military in the world can organise armed intervention in another country, overthrow its government without having any consideration for the consequences of that act, nor any plan to deal with those consequences? . ...... read more
How foreign control of African economies undermines Africa’s economic development
Added 16 April 2016
In March 1964, when presenting Ghana’s 7 Year Development Plan to parliament in Accra, Kwame Nkrumah declared, “I have come here today to present to you, and to the people of Ghana, our Seven-Year Development Plan, which when completed, will bring Ghana to the threshold of a modem State based on a highly organised and efficient agricultural and industrial programme”. He continued, “….it is our aim, by this Plan, to eradicate completely the colonial structure of our economy”. He further stated that implementation of the plan should lead to the creation in Ghana of “a self-sustaining economy, based on socialist production and distribution. An economy balanced between industry and agriculture, providing a sufficiency of food for the people, and supporting secondary industries based on the products of our agriculture. In other words, an economy founded securely on the basis of socialist production and distribution”.
With these words, Nkrumah articulated a vision of how people-centred economic development might take place in an African country. ...... read more
Russia and Africa
Added 10 April 2016
“Currently, the scope for Russian-African partnership is significantly expanding. This process is unlikely to end in breakthroughs, but there is little doubt that Russia will try hard to restore its full-scale cooperation with African countries, the success of which would assist the mutual interests of both sides and contribute to the establishment of a just and multipolar world order under the complex and contradictory conditions of the 21st century.“ http://russiancouncil.ru/en/inner/?id_4=2002#top-content June 2013
“Putin has led Russia into an active part in United Nations peacekeeping in Africa, dispatching troops to operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Liberia, Sudan, South Sudan, and the Western Sahara…At the same time, Russia is pouring resources into gathering information about Africa to better shape its policymaking. To cite just one example, the Institute for African Studies within the Russian Academy of Sciences now embraces thirteen research units, a working group, and an information center, employing a total of more than one hundred academic staff members—a substantial commitment of public resources to research that is unmatched by any other government.” Atlantic Council, MARCH 13, 2014....... read more
The International Criminal Court – a mechanism for criminalising opposition to foreign intervention in Africa
Added 11 March 2016
The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established on 17 July 1998 when 120 states adopted the Rome Statute which is the legal basis of this organisation. The court, which is based in The Hague, Netherlands, should not be confused with the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The latter is part of the United Nations and deals with legal disputes between UN member states. The ICC, on the other hand, is not part of the UN and has as its stated aims to “exercise its jurisdiction over persons for the most serious crimes of international concern” and to “to put an end to impunity for the perpetrators of these crimes”....... read more
The Neo-Colonial Nature of the European Union and its intervention in Africa
Added 6 March 2016
The current debates in the monopoly controlled media concerning the future of Britain’s membership of the EU are presented from the perspective of falsifying its essential character. The EU remains the organisation of the big monopolies and financial institutions of Europe, especially those of Britain, France and Germany, and acts on the basis of the requirements of these interests not those of the peoples of Europe nor those in other parts of the world...... read more
Foreign Direct Investment undermines African economic independence and fuels foreign intervention
Added 17 February 2016
In the current world situation, neo-liberal economic doctrine, which upholds the interests of the monopolies, prevails. According to this theory, foreign direct investment (FDI) is the only means available for countries to achieve economic development and address the challenge of raising the people’s standard of living. The World Bank estimated that in 2010 48.5% of Africa’s population south of the Sahara were living on no more than $1.25 per day and so were classified as living in extreme poverty. The followers of neo-liberal economics argue that the solution to this problem lies in the flow of FDI into the continent...... read more
Africa and the BRICS
Added 13 February 2016
In the last decade there has been an intensification of interventions in Africa. One of the most notable aspects of this is the role of the Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa association (BRICS). According to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ‘trade with the BRICS has grown faster than with any other region in the world, doubling since 2007 to $340 billion in 2012, and projected to reach $500 billion by 2015’. In his 2014 book Africa Rising: BRICS Diversifying Dependency, Ian Taylor, Professor of International Relations at University of St Andrews, argues that..... read more
Britain and the big powers must cease all intervention in Libya
Added 08 February 2016
In recent comments Britain’s Foreign Secretary, Phillip Hammond, appeared to rule out any direct use of British combat troops in a new NATO invasion of Libya. His comments were made following a meeting of over twenty foreign ministers of countries that are part of the US-led coalition established to allegedly combat the growing presence of the sinister IS/Daesh in Iraq, Syria and Libya. Hammond’s statement also came at a time and when there were some indications that NATO and its allies were preparing for new armed intervention in Libya, five years after previous military intervention and bombing of the country led to regime change, as well as the assassination of Libya’s leader Muammar Gaddafi, and ushered in the destruction, anarchy and human suffering that now exists in what was Africa’s most developed country..... read more
The US Africa Command (AFRICOM)
Added 29 January 2016
One of six global military commands within the United States Department of Defense unified command structure - each of which co-ordinates the activities of the country’s hundreds of military bases - U.S. Africa Command [AFRICOM] splits the 50 plus countries of the African continent into 5 regions. Each one - East, North, West, Central and Southern is declared to be an area of [self-proclaimed] responsibility [including Egypt] and is how AFRICOM facilitates political interference, military intervention and exploitation of the continent’s natural resources ....... read more
Foreign economic intervention in Africa - a means of plundering the continent
Added 14 January 2016
Discussion of the intervention of the big powers in Africa can often focus on political and military intervention. However, these military and political actions are usually driven by the aim of securing economic intervention and plundering the continent through exploitation of its natural and human resources. ....... read more
Valletta Summit Fails to Address the Causes of the Refugee Crisis
Added 18 November 2015
On November 11 and 12, Prime Minister David Cameron and Home Secretary Theresa May joined other leaders and government ministers from over sixty African and European countries meeting at the Valletta Summit in Malta to discuss the continual flow of refugees and asylum seekers from African countries to Europe. ....... read more
The New Scramble for Africa
Added 18 November 2015
In 1884 The Times newspaper coined the phrase ‘Scramble for Africa’ to describe the contention between the major European powers for a share of what the Belgian king Leopold contemptuously referred to as ‘this magnificent African cake.’ Britain, France, Belgian, Germany and the other big powers each attempted to carve out their share of the African continent during the infamous Berlin Conference ....... read more
Refugees from Foreign Intervention in Africa
Added 18 November 2015
The Red Crescent has reported that the bodies of at least 95 refugees have been found washed ashore in Libya over the past week. Most of the dead are reported to have been traveling from other African countries....... read more
Criminal Response of EU to Shocking Deaths of Migrants
Added 18 November 2015
Last week the EU Foreign Affairs Council announced that it will step up military and other forms of intervention, particularly in Libya, allegedly in order to prevent the deaths of migrants traveling to Europe from North Africa. Already this year almost 2,000 men, women and children, mainly of African origin, have lost their lives....... read more
Britain’s intervention in Africa
Added 18 November 2015
Britain has long been one of the main foreign powers to intervene in Africa for the purposes of plundering the continent’s resources and....... read more
Events & Activities
Inspiring Quote ......
From around the web ......
The Rise of NATO in Africa
Added 6 June 2022
Anxiety about the expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) toward the Russian border is one of the causes of the current war in Ukraine. But this is not the only attempt at expansion by NATO, a treaty organization created in 1949 by the United States to project its military and political power over Europe. In 2001, NATO conducted an “out of area” military operation in Afghanistan, which lasted 20 years, and in 2011, NATO—at the urging of France—bombed Libya and overthrew its government. NATO military operations in Afghanistan and Libya were the prelude to discussions of a “Global NATO,” a project to use the NATO military alliance beyond its own charter obligations from the South China Sea to the Caribbean Sea.
NATO’s war in Libya was its first major military operation in Africa, but it was not the first European military footprint on the continent. After centuries of European colonial wars in Africa, new states emerged in the aftermath of World War II to assert their sovereignty. Many of these states—from Ghana to Tanzania—refused to allow the European military forces to reenter the continent, which is why these European powers had to resort to assassinations and military coups to anoint pro-Western governments in the region. This allowed for the creation of Western military bases in Africa and gave Western firms freedom to exploit the continent’s natural resources... read more
Monkeypox: Expert urges FG to shut down biolabs in Nigeria
Added 30 May 2022
Recent developments in Ukraine have put the spotlight on the US government's extensive international network of biolabs and the fact that these work in darkness and without transparency. The US is reported to have a number of such labs dotted across Africa. Although the US government claims that its biolabs are purely for conducting health related research for the protection of populations from epidemics, it has never explained why, if this is the case, these labs are linked to its military. In particular, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) has been at the forefront of the work of these labs in Africa. AFRICOM acknowledges that the DTRA is one of its agencies in Africa and has identified Senegal, Morocco and Kenya as intended "regional leaders" in developing these labs across the continent. Another area of great concern is the collection of biological samples from people across the continent and shipping these out of Africa for purposes unknown. The recent claims about these biolabs highlight the urgent need to shut down the entire US network of biolabs across Africa.
A scientist and academician of the International Space Agency, Prof. Philip Njemanze, has called on the Federal Government to shut down all the bio laboratories established by Bill Gates across the country pending the full investigations over the alleged leak of monkeypox pathogen biomaterials from the labs.
Chief of Russian Radiation, Chemical and Biological Protection Force, Igor Kirillov, had on Friday, called on the leadership of the World Health Organisation (WHO) to commence investigation into the release of West African modified Monkeypox, which caused the present outbreak that threatens a worldwide pandemic.
TASS quoted Kirillov as saying, “against the background of numerous cases of US violations of biosafety requirements and facts of negligent storage of pathogenic biomaterials, we call on the leadership of the World Health Organization to investigate the activities of US-funded Nigerian laboratories in Abuja, Zaria, Lagos and inform the world community about its results... read more
How Chinese lending to Africa is evolving
Added 23 May 2022
Over the last two decades, China has established itself as Africa's largest bilateral lender, helping bankroll key infrastructure projects on the continent.
But a new report by the Boston University's GDP centre suggests Chinese credit to Africa may be drying up or at least slowing down.
In 2020, Beijing signed 11 new loan commitments worth $1.9 billion with African governments, down 77 percent from 2019 volumes, when Chinese lenders signed 32 loan agreements worth $8.2 billion.
The 2020 loan agreements were signed with Uganda, Ghana, DRC, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Madagascar, Rwanda, Lesotho, and Afreximbank, a regional organization... read more
Biden approves deployment of hundreds of US troops to Somalia
Added 17 May 2022
While loudly condemning and sanctioning Russia for sending its troops into neighbouring Ukraine, the US government announced that it was sending its own troops into Somalia which lies thousands of miles away from the USA.
United States President Joe Biden has authorised the deployment of American troops to Somalia, reversing a decision by his predecessor Donald Trump last year to remove nearly all forces that had been operating there.
The White House on Monday confirmed Biden’s decision, which was based on a request made by US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin. It was first reported by The New York Times (NYT).
“The President has approved a request from the secretary of defence to reestablish a persistent US military presence in Somalia to enable a more effective fight against al Shabab, which has increased in strength and proposed poses a heightened threat,” White House Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre said.
“This is a repositioning of forces already in theatre who have traveled in and out of Somalia on an episodic basis since the previous administration made the decision to withdraw,” Jean-Pierre said... read more
Kenya's Talai clan petitions Prince William over land eviction
Added 10 May 2022
A group of more than 100,000 Kenyans from the Talai clan has written to Prince William to seek an apology, and his support for reparations for human rights abuses they say they suffered during the British colonial settlement.
The letter, a copy of which the BBC has seen, says the British government has declined to engage with the clan's representatives and they're therefore reaching out to the prince "because Kenya is special to him".
A request for comment has been sent to both the Royal Family and the British Foreign Office.
The Talai say the British government has declined to recognise the suffering of its members during the colonial era.
A UN inquiry determined last year that gross human rights violations were committed particularly against the clan, including unlawful killing, sexual violence, torture, and arbitrary detention and displacement... read more
British Army Representative Admits Use of Highly Toxic White Phosphorus in Kenya, Report Says
Added 2 May 2022
Phosphorus ammunition is a killer of natural resources and people. In addition to creating fires that are difficult to fight, it leaves dangerous burns on the skin and is extremely poisonous. Ingestion of 0.05 to 0.15 grams of the substance is enough to be fatal.
The United Kingdom has admitted it used dangerous ammunition filled with white phosphorus during military exercises in Kenya, according to an internal military investigation obtained by Declassified UK. Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the UK Armed Forces James Heappey said the chemical was used to illuminate the area “for night training as well as smoke screening reasons.”
As the military drills were said to have taken place across a wide area in Kenya, including communal land, live firing of mortars may have affected areas “frequented by farmers, villagers and nomadic tribes-people.” MP Kenny MacAskill, who revealed the use of phosophorus in Kenya, said in Parliament that “the dangers of white phosphorus are well documented and have caused injury and misery in many conflicts... read more
Covert Action Exploitation of Cuban Involvement in Angola, 1977
Added 12 April 2022
A declassified CIA document outlining their strategies for covert action in Angola in the 1970s offers lessons for the present.
It is sometimes said that the first casualty of war is truth. As with any aphorism, this is only partly correct. For truth is not merely collateral damage in conflict, it is the site of conflict itself. To prepare for war is to prepare for a battle over information. Take, for instance, the United States interventions in southern Africa in the 1970s. The US had already provided military support to Portugal, its NATO ally, in an attempt to halt the inevitable process of Angolan decolonization. After Angola gained independence in 1975, the US exacerbated an already tense civil conflict by beginning covert military operations to undermine the left-wing Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola, or MPLA. The CIA funneled cash and arms and provided logistical support to UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola) and to Roberto Holden’s FNLA (National Front for the Liberation of Angola)... read more
The sun never set: British army’s secret payments to colonial-era farms
Added 7 April 2022
A Kenyan judge recently ruled that the country’s courts have the authority to hear a compensation claim against the British army. The decision paves the way for nearly 1,500 Kenyans to sue UK troops for starting a huge fire near Mount Kenya last March.
One man was killed while trying to fight the fire on the privately-owned Lolldaiga conservancy. Another person, Murage Gitonga, developed breathing difficulties and has since died.
Britain’s Ministry of Defence (MOD) is trying to claim ‘sovereign immunity’ from this litigation in Kenya.
The court case shines a rare light on places like Lolldaiga, which is one of eight estates the MOD pays a secret and “commercially sensitive” sum of money for its troops to train on.
Many of these ranches were established in colonial times, when European settlers took over some of Kenya’s most fertile land around Laikipia County. This area in north central Kenya became dubbed ‘the White Highlands’... read more
African activists vow to fight Israeli apartheid at historic Dakar meeting
Added 17 March 2022
Civil society activists from 21 countries across Africa have pledged to intensify the fight against Israel’s apartheid practices against the Palestinian people; isolate Israel in the same way that apartheid South Africa was sanctioned; and will work to have Israel’s accreditation to the African Union revoked. This comes after the first in-person meeting and conference of the Pan-African Palestine Solidarity Network (PAPSN) in the Senegalese capital, Dakar, this past weekend (10-12 March).
Delegates represented civil society organisations and groupings from South Africa, Botswana, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Zambia and Zimbabwe... read more
NATO and Africa: A Relationship of Colonial Violence and Structural White Supremacy
Added 1 March 2022
NATO is the means of continuing colonial aggressions against African countries
Considering the public media attention and concern about possible expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), it is worth reminding people about NATO’s bloody history in Africa. NATO was founded in 1949 after WWII at a time when African countries were still under the yoke of colonialism. In fact most of the original founders of NATO had been Africa’s principal colonizers such as UK, France, Portugal, Belgium, Italy and the USA as lead NATO organizer and dominant partner. The organization was established as a collective defense against the Soviet Union with the requirement (Article 5) that any attack on one was considered an attack on all and therefore requiring a collective response.
Since NATO was founded with the purported purpose of halting possible Soviet aggression and stopping the spread of Communism it would seem to follow that after the collapse of the USSR in 1991 there would no longer be a need for NATO. Since then however, NATO has expanded from the founding twelve to at present thirty member states many of whom are eastern European countries, formerly Soviet republics and Warsaw Pact allies... read more
African countries must protect their fish stocks from the European Union
Added 21 February 2022
The heads of state or government of the member states of the African Union (AU) and the European Union (EU) met for the sixth European Union - African Union summit in Brussels on 17 and 18 February 2022. At the end of the summit, the participants issued a statement of a joint EU AU vision. According to the statement, the aims of the 'partnership' between the two organisations "...are solidarity, security, peace and sustainable and sustained economic development and prosperity for the citizens of the two Unions today and in the future, bringing together people, regions and organisations. It aims to promote common priorities, shared values, and international law, and preserve interests and common public goods. This includes the protection of human rights for all, gender equality and women's empowerment in all spheres of life, the rule of law, actions to preserve the climate, environment and biodiversity, but also sustainable and inclusive economic growth and the fight against inequalities..."
In reality, these high sounding phrases are simply a smokescreen behind which the colonial powers of the EU continue their economic plunder of Africa and organise political, ideological and military intervention in the African continent in pursuit of their own interests. The EU's plunder of Africa's fishing stock is just one case in point.
Fisheries serve as a source of employment for millions of people in the small scale sector on the coastline of Africa. Their fishing activities, in turn, provide food security to over 200 million Africans.
To regulate the fishing industry, African countries have signed numerous agreements with trading blocs such as the European Union (EU). The EU has two forms of Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements with African states: the tuna agreement and the mixed agreement.
The tuna agreement allows EU vessels to pursue migrating tuna stocks as they move along the shores of Africa and through the Indian ocean. The mixed agreement allows EU vessels access to a wide range of fish stocks in the coastal state’s exclusive economic zones... read more
New Gates Foundation -
a US Regime Change Front
Added 15 February 2022
In a shake-up of an institution named for one of the world’s wealthiest and most influential oligarchs, Zimbabwean billionaire Strive Masiyiwa was appointed to the Gates Foundation’s board of trustees this January. He will be joined on the board by a seemingly diverse cast of corporate elites known for their embrace of technocratic and neoliberal policies.
Back in 2007, Masiryiwa helped orchestrate a failed attempt to overthrow the government of Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe alongside the US and the Zimbabwean opposition party it was backing, the Movement for Democratic Transition.
Both the Central Intelligence Agency and the Defense Intelligence Agency were made aware of the regime change plans by the Zimbabwean telecom magnate Masiyiwa, and were advised by the US embassy in Pretoria, South Africa to share “elements” of the US government’s “strategy” with him... read more
Why Does Israel Want To Return to African Union?
Added 27January 2022
Some member countries of the African Union are rejecting a lobby by Israel to return to African Union (AU) as an observer and has still not been confirmed.
In February 2022, Israel is preparing to open a new chapter in its long relationship with the continent, by obtaining observer status with the African Union (AU).
First granted last July, this accreditation was denounced in September by more than twenty member countries, upset at having been put, according to them, before the fact accomplished by Moussa Faki Mahamat... read more
The CIA Undermined Postcolonial Africa From the Start
Added 10 January 2022
In 1958, a year after it achieved independence from colonial rule, Ghana hosted a conference of African leaders, the first such gathering to ever take place on the continent. At the invitation of Ghana’s newly elected prime minister, Kwame Nkrumah, more than three hundred leaders from twenty-eight territories across Africa attended, including Patrice Lumumba of the still Belgian Congo and Frantz Fanon, who was then living in still French Algeria. It was a time of unlimited potential for a group of people determined to chart a new course for their homelands. But the host wanted his guests not to forget the dangers ahead of them. “Do not let us also forget that colonialism and imperialism may come to us yet in a different guise — not necessarily from Europe.”
In fact, the agents Nkrumah feared were already present. Not long after the event began, Ghanaian police arrested a journalist who had been hiding in one of the conference rooms while apparently trying to record a closed breakout session. As it was later discovered, the journalist actually worked for a CIA front organization, one of many represented at the event... read more
Africa – China – US: How cobalt has become new crude oil
Added 14 December 2021
On the 24 November 2021, a group of G7 countries, including Japan and the US, announced the decision to release crude oil inventories from their Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR).
For the US Government, the SPR was an underground salt tank that had to be built in Utah as a recession and warproof facility in response to the twin bombings on the World Trade Centre on 9/11.
The US Government had relied on releasing oil from the underground storage tank in July of 2008 when oil prices got to an unbearable peak of $147 per barrel. High oil prices that saw the US importing up to $1bn daily formed part of the policy agenda of the Obama administration, with his popular speech at the University of Cairo in 2009 that laid down an implementation schedule for the fast-tracking of research and development funding for fracking... read more
Kenyan Families Say U.S. Government Fueling “War on Terror” Disappearances and Killings, Demand Records
Added 2 December 2021
Family members of people disappeared and executed by police and paramilitary units in Kenya say the U.S. government is funding and fueling these abuses, and are demanding answers. Acting on their behalf, Mombasa-based Muslims for Human Rights (MUHURI) and its U.S. partners, the NYU School of Law’s Global Justice Clinic and the Center for Constitutional Rights, today filed Freedom of Information (FOIA) requests focusing on grave violations committed by Kenyan units “set up, equipped, trained, funded, and/or guided” by the U.S. government.
The request comes after press investigations revealed that the U.S. government has close ties to a secretive Kenyan paramilitary team implicated in human rights abuses. The paramilitary Rapid Response Team (RRT) has perpetuated abuses with the support and guidance of the CIA and M16, Britain’s intelligence services, according to the reports. The reports also show how the CIA helped create the unit in 2004 when it flew future RRT officers to the United States for elite training, and has since armed, trained, and guided the team on counterterrorism operations. An unknown number of “kill or capture” raids have reportedly been made by the 60-strong commando team, some based on mistaken identity. In one raid, RRT officers used CIA-supplied M4 carbines to kill Omar Faraj, a butcher shop cashier, apparently mistaking his home for a terrorist suspect’s... read more
Decolonizing Africa’s economic recovery
Added 2 November 2021
Revoking Matt Hancock’s appointment as special representative for Africa’s economic recovery is a necessary corrective step in the right direction. While the reason for withdrawing his appointment has been cited as technical, analysts and social media in the UK and in Africa expressed shock and dismay about the decision since it was revealed. Indeed, for African people looking for real solutions to our perennial economic crisis, nothing but indignation could be evoked. Our continent’s economy needs to be extricated from the colonial peonage maintained by African and foreign elites alike. We need an economy that centers Africa’s self-determination, our people and planet’s wellbeing. We need a recovery that the narrow imagination of the likes of Hancock cannot even fathom, let alone make a reality... read more
Mali accuses France of training
‘terrorists’ in country
Added 19 October 2021
Mali says it has evidence that France has been training “terrorist” groups operating in the West African country.
Mali’s Prime Minister Choguel Kokalla Maiga told Sputnik on Friday that French troops had created an enclave in Kidal, a town in the desert region of northern Mali, and handed it over to a terrorist group known as Ansar al-Din.
“Mali has no access to Kidal, this is an enclave controlled by France,” he said, adding that the Malian military was banned from entering the territory.
“They have armed groups trained by French officers. We have evidence... We do not understand this situation and do not want to tolerate it,” the Malian prime minister said... read more
AFRICOM: An extension of U.S.-European colonialism and genocide
Added 12 October 2021
In 2007, the George W. Bush administration inaugurated the United States Africa Command (AFRICOM) to further the influence of the U.S. and extend its military reach directly into Africa. AFRICOM, however, wasn’t officially established in Africa, with its expanded troop presence and unprecedented use of drones on the continent, until Barack Obama was elected president in 2008.
This Oct. 1, the Black Alliance for Peace (BAP) hosted a webinar titled “AFRICOM at 13: Building the Popular Movement for Demilitarization and Anti-Imperialism in Africa.” The event featured voices rarely heard in the U.S., from countries most affected by AFRICOM, including internationally-known activists for liberation and those representing the growing movement on the continent against AFRICOM.
The program started with a film by BAP exposing the imperialist aims of AFRICOM and its yearly price tag of $2 billion in Africa alone... read more
Big Pharma and the Problem of Vaccine Apartheid
Added 5 October 2021
The webinar on ‘Vaccine Imperialism: Scientific Knowledge, Capacity and Production in Africa’ which took place on 5 August 5, 2021, was organized by the Review of African Political Economy (ROAPE) in partnership with the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa). It explored the connections and interplay of Africa’s weak public health systems, the profit and greed of Big Pharma enabled by the governments of the industrialized Global North, and the Covid-19 pandemic from a political economy perspective. This report summarizes the main discussions held during the conference, including an overview of each of the main points discussed. The webinar was the first in a three-part series of webinars scheduled by the two organizations under the theme Africa, Climate Change and the Pandemic: interrelated crises and radical alternatives.
Rob Wallace began the session by providing a global perspective on the current state of the COVID-19 pandemic. He presented data showing that though the total number of vaccinations are increasing, the percentage of people fully vaccinated is concentrated in the West. We are currently experiencing a third wave of the pandemic, which is being driven by the delta variant. Though the cases in Africa are relatively lower than in other parts of the world, it is still a marked increase from the first and second waves which were less severe. This is not the trajectory that was predicted for COVID-19 on the continent in the early days of the pandemic. Marius Gilbert et al had speculated that Africa would be vulnerable to the virus due to a lower public health capacity and underlying co-morbidities that might increase the spread and damage of the virus. However, the incidence of the virus has played out in a different way, Africa’s cases are not as high as that of other continents. The possible reasons that have been given for this are: demographics (a younger population), open housing (which allows greater ventilation), and an ongoing circulation of other types of coronaviruses which have induced a natural, partial immunity in the population... read more
The US is turning oil-rich Nigeria into a proxy for its Africa wars
Added 21 September 2021
Under the cover of counterterrorism, AFRICOM is beefing up Nigeria’s military to ensure the free flow of oil to the West, and using the country as a proxy against China’s influence on the continent
Last month, Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari wrote an op-ed in the Financial Times. It might as well have been written by the Pentagon. Buhari promoted Brand Nigeria, auctioning the country’s military services to Western powers, telling readers that Nigeria would lead Africa’s “war on terror” in exchange for foreign infrastructure investment. “Though some believe the war on terror [WOT] winds down with the US departure from Afghanistan,” he says, “the threat it was supposed to address burns fiercely on my continent.”
With Boko Haram and Islamic State operating in and near Nigeria, pushing a WOT narrative is easy. But counterterror means imperial intervention. So, why is the Pentagon really interested in Nigeria, a country with a GDP of around $430 billion – some $300 billion less than the Pentagon’s annual budget – a population with a 40 percent absolute poverty rate, and an infant mortality rate of 74 deaths per 1,000 live births, compared to 5.6 per 1,000 in the US... read more
Leaked report accuses Canada of covering for mining companies in war-torn Ethiopia
Added 14 September 2021
Canada has refused to condemn war crimes in Tigray, where its “feminist” assistance has created opportunities for Canadian mining companies
A Canadian government program claiming to introduce feminist principles to Ethiopia’s mining sector has created opportunities for several Canadian mining companies in the country’s war-torn Tigray region, a government-funded agency report obtained by The Breach reveals.
The report indicates that new investments by Canadian mining companies in Tigray have increased as the region has been plunged into a major humanitarian crisis from military attacks by the Ethiopian and Eritrean government, whom the United Nations has accused of deliberately “starving Tigrayans.”
According to the report, written by an independent consultant in June for the Canadian government-funded agency running the mining sector project in Ethiopia, Canada’s support has failed to adhere to its own standards of gender equity, environmental protection, and responsible business practices... read more
AFRICOM in the Congo
Added 9 September 2021
Its immeasurable mineral resources has made the Congo the victim of a long history of Western greed, plunder, and genocidal violence. AFRICOM’s recent arrival in the Congo -- ostensibly to fight ISIS -- will only extend this history; we can be sure these military forces will do more to support the US looting of the Congo’s wealth than stopping terrorism.
On the night of August 13, 2021, a US Special Forces team arrived in Kinshasa, the “Democratic” Republic of the Congo. In a press release, the US embassy in Kinshasa notes that the US soldiers are in Congo at the invitation of the Congolese government. The ostensible goal is to fight the invisible and fabricated ISIS-DAESH, which the US State Department and Pentagon insist are in the Congo, even as multiple reports, including the UN Group of Experts, have categorically rejected that any ties exist in Congo between rebels called Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) and ISIS.
The press statement was released on the same day the US soldiers arrived. It is also not available as of now on the U.S. embassy website. It is only on the embassy’s twitter page as an image, and in only French.. read more
Amazon’s Drive into Africa
Added 31 August 2021
Since 2004, Amazon has been building a foothold on the African continent. In Cape Town, it already employs thousands in a global call centre and a range of data hubs. Its South African career portal is a busy place, with the vast majority of advertised jobs located in Cape Town. In April, as part of its aggrandising drive into the continent, the company announced that it would be opening its African headquarters as part of a new, multipurpose development.
The Cape Town development, worth $284 million, is part of a broader enterprise spanning 15 hectares along a riverside area that promises a range of uses: a hotel, offices, shops, a gym, a number of restaurants, a conference space, and affordable housing. Amazon is intended as the main tenant, with its headquarters covering 70,000 square metres (17.3 acres)... read more
U.S. Out of Africa: U.S. Imperialism in Somalia
Added 17 August 2021
The US Africa Command confirmed that it carried out its third airstrike allegedly against an Islamic resistance movement in less than two weeks. The airstrikes took place on August 1, July 23, and July 20. This is a continuation of the broader shadow war on Somalia in which the U.S. conducted 63 strikes in 2020.
The U.S. mainstream media and politicians blame the U.S. shadow war in Somalia on Al-Shabaab, an Islamist insurgent group that controls much of southern Somalia, but the main culprit is the United States government that led a military invasion of the country from 1992 to 93 in a nefariously dubbed Operation Restore Hope. Ever since, Somalia has been in a perpetual state of war, and the U.S. has continued with destabilization efforts since 1992.
Somalia’s only hope for sustainable peace and development lies within the national unity of its people absent the tutelage of the US... read more
Israel's return to the African Union (AU) as an observer state has sparked a huge backlash in the continent with as many as 14 countries said to be ready to form a block to reject the occupation state's membership.
Online newspaper Rai Al-Youm reported that Algeria has agreed with South Africa, Tunisia, Eritrea, Senegal, Tanzania, Niger, the Comoro Islands, Gabon, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Liberia, and Seychelles to expel Israel from the AU.
It's reported that the new block will reject the decision to include Israel in the AU to preserve the principles of the union and support the Palestinian Arab state.. read more
‘Shocking’: South Africa slams Israel’s AU observer status
Added 29 July 2021
South Africa’s government says it was “appalled” by the African Union Commission’s decision last week to grant Israel observer status at the African bloc.
In a statement published on Wednesday, the South African government said the “unjust and unwarranted” move was taken “unilaterally without consultations with its members”.
Israel obtained AU observer status on Friday after 20 years of diplomatic efforts. It had previously held the role at the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) but was long thwarted in its attempts to regain it after the OAU was disbanded in 2002 and replaced by the AU.
According to the Israeli foreign ministry, the new status could enable Israel and the AU to forge stronger cooperation on various aspects, including the fight against the coronavirus and the prevention “of the spread of extremist terrorism” on the African continent... read more
Africans have long been told that our agriculture is backward and should be abandoned for a 21st-century version of the Green Revolution that enabled India to feed itself. Western science and technology, in the form of seeds modified by science and technology, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, petroleum-fueled machinery and artificial irrigation were key to that miracle, we are informed, and we too need to tread that path.
A primary proponent of this view is the Cornell Alliance for Science (CAS), founded in 2014 to “depolarize the charged debate” around genetically modified (GM) seeds. With $22 million in funding thus far from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the CAS in fact consistently defends GM seeds, arguing that they are healthy, productive and environmentally friendly, while attacking agroecology as economically and socially regressive... read more
Defending Our Sovereignty: US Military Bases in Africa and the Future of African Unity
Added 13 July 2021
Co-publication of Tricontinental and The Socialist Movement of Ghana’s Research Group
On 30 May 2016, the African Union’s Peace and Security Council (PSC) held its 601st meeting. Though the agenda was broad, members of the PSC came to the meeting concerned about a range of conflicts: the collapse of the Libyan state and the impact that this had across the Sahel, the ongoing struggles in the Lake Chad region with the persistence of Boko Haram, and the wars that marked the Great Lakes region (with the loss of sovereignty by the Democratic Republic of the Congo on its eastern flank). The ‘primary responsibility for ensuring effective conflict prevention’, the PSC noted, ‘lies with the Member States’, namely the fifty-five countries on the African continent from Algeria to Zimbabwe.. read more
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has spent nearly US$6 billion over the past 17 years trying to improve agriculture, mainly in Africa. This is a lot of money for an underfunded sector, and, as such, carries great weight. To better understand how the Gates Foundation is shaping the global agriculture agenda, GRAIN analysed all the food and agriculture grants the foundation has made up until 2020. We found that, while the Foundation's grants focus on African farmers, the vast majority of its funding goes to groups in North America and Europe. The grants are also heavily skewed to technologies developed by research centres and corporations in the North for poor farmers in the South, completely ignoring the knowledge, technologies and biodiversity that these farmers already possess. Also, despite the Foundation's focus on techno-fixes, much of its grants are given to groups that lobby on behalf of industrial farming and undermine alternatives. This is bad for African farmers and bad for the planet. It is time to pull the plug on the Gates' outsized influence over global agriculture... read more
NATO Confirms Direct Role in Mali War
Added 22 June 2021
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization reports that the NATO Support and Procurement Agency signed a Framework Technical Agreement with the Takuba Task Force in Mali in Luxembourg on June 9.
The task force has been a de facto NATO operation since its inception. The contributing nations are NATO member states Belgium, Britain, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and Portugal, and NATO Enhanced Opportunities Partner Sweden.
The U.S. has been involved in war against ethnic Tuaregs in Mali since the beginning of the century. Former colonial master France was in charge of NATO nations’ troops under Operation Barkhane... read more
Macron’s Africa safari
Added 15 June 2021
Emmanuel Macron’s recent visit to Africa shows how France has continued a politque de grandeur in which a country in perpetual decline pretends to be a Great Power. As former French president, François Mitterrand, had noted in 1957: “Without Africa, France will no longer have a history in the twenty-first century.” France has therefore continued a neo-colonial relationship with the continent. Pax Gallica established military bases across Africa, and like a “pyromaniac fireman” intervened over 50 times to prop up or depose assorted tyrants. An unequal system of Françafrique saw 14 largely francophone African states tie their currencies to the French franc, and now the euro.. read more
AFRICOM military’s exercise:
The art of creating new pretexts for
propagating US interests
Added 8 June 2021
Phoenix Express 2021 (PE21), a 12-day US-Africa Command (AFRICOM)-sponsored military exercise involving 13 states in the Mediterranean Sea, concluded on Friday, May 28. It had kicked off from the naval base in Tunis, Tunisia, on May 16. The drills in this exercise covered naval maneuvers across the stretch of the Mediterranean Sea, including on the territorial waters of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania.
The regimes in these countries, which cover the entire northern and northwestern coastline of Africa, participated in the drill – one of the three regional maritime exercises conducted by the US Naval Forces Africa (NAVAF). Belgium, France, Greece, Italy, Malta and Spain were the European states that participated in the drill.
Among the heavyweights deployed in the exercises was the US navy’s USS Hershel “Woody” Williams (ESB 4). The 784-feet-long warship is a mobile military base which “provides for accommodations for up to 250 personnel, a 52,000-square-foot flight deck.. and supports MH-53 and MH-60 helicopters with an option to support MV-22 tilt-rotor aircraft,” according to the Woody Williams Foundation. “The platform has an aviation hangar and flight deck that include four operating spots capable of landing MV-22 and MH-53E equivalent helicopters... read more
Our Colonial Present: Germany's Herero and Nama Genocide
Added 1 June 2021
Joint Press Statement by the Ovaherero Traditional Authorities (OTA) and Nama Traditional Leaders Association (NTLA)
1. It is clear that Germany has once again, bamboozled the Namibian government into a meaningless and sell-out agreement. It is a monumental shame and a shocking betrayal of trust that a descendant of the Victim Communities, is the one who initialed such an agreement which makes a mockery of the three negotiating Pillars that the SWAPO Government set for itself, namely:
A: that Germany must acknowledge that the mass killings of our ancestors constitute genocide;
B: that Germany must apologize for that genocide;
C: that Germany must pay Reparations for the genocide...read more
Sixty years after Congolese independence leader Patrice Lumumba was assassinated and dissolved in acid, former colonial power Belgium is to restore his last remains -- a single tooth -- to his family.
Former colonial ruler Belgium held onto Lumumba's tooth- thought to be his last remains, which a Flemish police officer held onto.
"For us, it is not a tooth. For us, the Bantu, when someone dies far from home, and we can't bring him back, we bring at least a bit of his hair and his nails and bury them at home," said Roland Lumumba, son of slain Congolese independence leader Patrice Lumumba... read more
Foreign fighters remain in Libya despite truce - UN chief
Added 18 May 2021
The U.N. chief has said foreign fighters and mercenaries remain in Libya in violation of last October’s cease-fire agreement and called for their withdrawal.
Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in a report to the U.N. Security Council obtained Friday by The Associated Press that the smooth transfer of power to a new interim government, which took power in March, “brings renewed hope for the reunification of the country and its institutions and for a lasting peace.”
The U.N. estimated in December that there were at least 20,000 foreign fighters and mercenaries in Libya, including Syrians, Russians, Sudanese, and Chadians.
But he said progress must continue on the political, economic, and security tracks to enable elections to go ahead on Dec. 24... read more
Pentagon Adds Africa to Global Battleground With China and Russia
Added 11 May 2021
General Stephen Townsend, commander of U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM), and General Kenneth McKenzie, commander of U.S. Central Command, are scheduled to testify before the Senate Armed Services Committee on April 22. The testimony, both open and closed, will address the proposed 2022 National Defense Authorization Act which is reported to include a total of $753 billion for the Pentagon’s operations around the world.
The last time AFRICOM’s Townsend addressed that committee was in January of last year, when he spoke in depth of his command’s, and more broadly the U.S.’s overall, strategy toward Africa.
Commanders of the six geographical unified combatant commands the Pentagon employs to divide up the world – Africa Command, Central Command, European Command, Indo-Pacific Command, Northern Command and Southern Command – are duty-bound to appear before the Senate Armed Services Committee and its equivalent in the House of Representatives to solicit funding and so must give an account of themselves and their commands. (General Townsend also appeared before the House Armed Services Committee in March of 2020 with Central Command’s General McKenzie in a hearing on National Security Challenges and U.S. Military Activities in the Greater Middle East and Africa.)... read more
European Nations Vow Continuing Security Support for Sahel
Added 4 May 2021
Under the guise of ensuring security in the Sahel, the European colonial powers are stepping up their interference in this region in pursuit of their economic and strategic interests.
Four European countries on Friday pledged to continue their security support for nations in the troubled Sahel region.
The statement from France, Germany, Italy, and Spain was issued in Madrid as the bodies of three Europeans killed in Burkina Faso this week arrived in Spain.
“We will continue existing initiatives to support the armies of the region, as well as the gendarmerie and internal security forces in their operations, training, and capacity building,” the statement said... read more
The Clandestine War on Africa: France’s Endgame in Mali
Added 20 April 2021
In a recent report, the United Nations Mission in Mali, known as MINUSMA, concluded that, on January 3, French warplanes had struck a crowd attending a wedding in the remote village of Bounti, killing 22 of the guests.
According to the findings, based on a thorough investigation and interviews with hundreds of eyewitnesses, 19 of the guests were unarmed civilians whose killing constitutes a war crime.
Unlike the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, the wars in Afghanistan, Syria, Libya and other countries, the French war in Mali receives little media coverage outside the limited scope of French-speaking media, which has successfully branded this war as one against Islamic militants... read more
Algeria calls on France to compensate 7,300 victims of colonial-era mines
Added 13 April 2021
France must compensate the victims of landmines planted by its forces during the colonial era, head of the Algerian National Human Rights Council (CNHD), Bouzid Lazhari, has said, adding that French authorities laid more than nine million mines along Algeria's eastern and western borders, which caused permanent disabilities for 7,300 Algerians.
Lazhari's statement came on Sunday when the International Day of Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action was marked.
He said that Algeria is still paying a high price for the mines that France planted on its eastern and western borders.
Lazhari explained that official records state that 7,300 Algerians were affected by the French mines, including 4,830 during the war of liberation and 2,470 after independence... read more
AFRICOM-Led 33-Nation Naval Exercise in Oil-Rich Gulf of Guinea
Added 6 April 2021
U.S. Africa Command started the tenth iteration of its Obangame Express naval exercise with an opening ceremony in the Ghanaian capital of Accra on March 19 and ended it on March 27.
US Africa Command (AFRICOM) grew out of naval patrols and exercises in the Gulf of Guinea off western Africa at the beginning of the century. It was first developed by US European Command (EUCOM), which shares its top military commander with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and whose area of responsibility is largely that of NATO outside North America. When it reached full operational capability in 2008 AFRICOM also absorbed a small handful of African nations (mainly island states in the Indian Ocean) formerly assigned to Central Command and then-Pacific Command. The rest of Africa had been assigned to EUCOM... read more
US forces to train Mozambique's marines to fight jihadist insurgency
Added 23 March 2021
Under the banner of fighting against 'Islamist terrorism', the USA and its imperialist allies are strengthening their military occupation of Africa. The intervention of these big powers, however, never leads to peace and people's well being but rather leads to more violence, violation of people's rights and the disintegration of societies. The US and all foreign military powers must get out of Africa.
US Special Operations Forces will train Mozambican marines for two months to fight against the jihadist insurgency in the northeastern Cabo Delgado province, the United States Embassy in Maputo said on Monday.
Armed groups, known locally as al-Shabab ("young people" in Arabic), have been sowing terror for more than three years in the strategic province of Cabo Delgado, which borders Tanzania and is an area that is rich in natural gas.
In 2019 they pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group.
“In addition to the training, the US government provided medical and communications equipment,” the embassy said, adding that the American forces who will partake in the program called "Joint Combined Exchange Training" are already in Mozambique... read more
There'll Be No Future For Ghanaians If We Continue To Export Our Raw Cocoa
Added 16 March 2021
President Akufo-Addo says Ghana no longer wants to be dependent on the production and export of raw materials, including cocoa beans.
According to President Akufo-Addo, Ghana intends to process more and more of its cocoa, with the aim of producing more chocolate, “because we believe there can be no future prosperity for the Ghanaian people, in the short, medium or long term, if we continue to maintain economic structures that are dependent on the production and export of raw materials.”
He, thus, reiterated the commitment of his Government “to add value to our raw materials, industrialise and enhance agricultural productivity. This is the best way we can put Ghana at the high end of the value chain in the global market place, and create jobs for the teeming masses of Ghanaians”.
President Akufo-Addo made this known on Friday, 28th February, when he delivered a statement at the Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation, in Bern, Switzerland, as part of a 2-day State Visit to that country, the first in 60 years by a Head of State from sub-Saharan Africa...read more
France acknowledges Algerian freedom fighter's "torture, murder"
Added 9 March 2021
President of France, Emmanuel Macron, has acknowlegded that Algerian lawyer, Ali Boumendjel, was tortured and murdered by French colonial forces in 1957 as part of the savage effort to defeat the struggle of the Algerian people for independence. This acknowledgement follows on from an admission by Macron in 2018 that during the war in Algeria, the French colonialists used systematic torture. The war for their independence costs the people of Algeria 1.5 million lives at the hands of French colonialism before they achieved victory. While Macron is openly admitting the crimes the French state committed against the Algerian people, he has point blank refused to issue any apology. This is hardly surprising , since Macron faithfully continues the crines of his predecessors in Africa in pursuit of France's imperial interests on the continent. French imperialism out of Africa.
French forces "tortured and murdered" Algerian freedom fighter Ali Boumendjel during his country's war for independence, President Emmanuel Macron admitted Tuesday, officially reappraising a death that was covered up as a suicide.
The move comes after the French leader stoked outrage in January when he refused to issue an official apology for abuses committed during the occupation of Algeria.
Boumendjel, a nationalist and lawyer, was arrested during the battle of Algiers by the French army, "placed incommunicado, tortured, and then killed on 23 March 1957," the Elysee Palace said in a statement... read more
Twitter and Square CEO Jack Dorsey and rapper Jay Z have created an endowment to fund bitcoin development initially in Africa and India, Dorsey said on Friday.
The duo is putting 500 bitcoin, which is currently worth $23.6 million, in the endowment called ₿trust. The fund will be set up as a blind irrevocable trust, Dorsey said, adding that the duo won’t be giving any direction to the team.
₿trust is looking to hire three board members. The mission of the fund is to “make bitcoin the internet’s currency,” a job application describes.
Government in India has so far been reluctant to embrace bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Friday’s move comes as New Delhi is inching closer to introducing a law that would ban private cryptocurrencies in the nation. It is also looking to create its own digital currency... read more
The UN's Food Food Systems Summit and the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa
Added 24 February 2021
In September 2021, the United Nations will host its Food Systems Summit, which it describes as being aimed to, "bring together key players from the worlds of science, business, policy, healthcare and academia, as well as farmers, indigenous people, youth organizations, consumer groups, environmental activists, and other key stakeholders....... to bring about tangible, positive changes to the world’s food systems". However, many social groups active on agricultural issues have accused the UN of using the summit to advance neo-liberal policies to serve the interest of global agricultural monopolies. Last year, 176 of these organisations wrote to the Secretary-General of the UN to demand that he revoke his appointment of Dr Agnes Kalibata as the Special Envoy to the summit because of her previous role as President of the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA). They accuse AGRA of working to open up Africa as "an untapped market for corporate monopolies controlling commercial seeds, genetically modified crops, fossil fuel-heavy synthetic fertilizers and polluting pesticides".
We reproduce the full letter here.
Dear Secretary-General Guterres,
We, the undersigned 176 organizations from 83 countries, write to condemn and reject the appointment of Agnes Kalibata, President of the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), as your Special Envoy to the 2021 UN Food Systems Summit.
With 820 million people hungry and an escalating climate crisis, the need for significant global action is urgent to deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. Given the history of AGRA, the appointment of its President to lead, prepare, and design the Summit, will result in another forum that advances the interests of agribusiness at the expense of farmers and our planet.
Founded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation, AGRA’s efforts have centered on capturing and diverting public resources to benefit large corporate interests. Their finance-intensive and high input agricultural model is not sustainable beyond constant subsidy, which is drawn from increasingly scarce public resources. Since 2006, AGRA has worked to open up Africa — seen as an untapped market for corporate monopolies controlling commercial seeds, genetically modified crops, fossil fuel-heavy synthetic fertilizers and polluting pesticides. This is an ill-conceived approach focused on mono cultural commodity production by large agribusiness at the expense of sustainable livelihoods, human development, and poverty eradication... read more
Chad sends troops to volatile Sahel and leaders debate limits of force
Added 17 February 2021
France pursues its neo-colonial ambitions in the Sahel region while recruiting African governments and armies to further its imperial ambitions there.
Chad will send 1,200 troops to combat jihadists in a flashpoint Sahel border zone, its president said Monday, as France looks to reduce its longstanding military presence in the vast, volatile region.
Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and France are holding talks on the future of their campaign against insurgencies raging in the Sahel, which according to the UN have killed thousands and displaced more than 2 million.
The troops will be deployed to the flashpoint "three border" zone between Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso, Chad's President Idriss Deby Itno said on Twitter on the fringes of the regional summit.
Chad, which reputedly has the best armed forces among the "G5" Sahel nations, had promised a year ago to send a battalion to the area... read more
Dutch court orders Shell to pay farmers for oil spills in Nigeria
Added 10 February 2021
The Nigerian subsidiary of energy giant Shell will pay compensation for oil spills in Nigeria’s Niger Delta that damaged the lands of two farmers in 2004 and 2005, a Dutch court ruled Friday, a decision that could open the way for new lawsuits against multinational oil companies.
Friends of the Earth Netherlands director Donald Pols hailed the ruling as a victory for small communities hurt by huge companies.
"Up until this morning, Dutch multinationals could act with impunity in developing countries. and this has changed now," Pols said. "From this moment onwards, Dutch multinationals will be held accountable for their activities and their actions in developing countries. And that’s an enormous victory for the rights of law globally."... read more
The Peoples of Ethiopia and Eritrea Will Be their Own Liberators
Concerns over Humanitarian Crisis in Tigray, Ethiopia
Added 3 February 2021
Recent statements from leaders of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) point to involvement in the war in Ethiopia of not only troops from Eritrea and Somalia but also foreign intervention by the United Arab Emirates. The outcomes of this foreign intervention is outlined in this article and the important point is made that further foreign intervention will not contribute to solving the current problem.
There has been widespread outrage at the recent killing of Seyoum Mesfin, from 1991-2010 the Foreign Minister of Ethiopia, by the armed forces of the current government of Ethiopia. However, it was noticeable that Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab made no public statement on the killing either during or following his recent visit to Ethiopia. It appears that Seyoum Mesfin was assassinated with two other leading members of the Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF), former Federal Affairs Minister Abay Tsehaye and ex-parliamentary chief whip Asmelash Woldeselassie, in circumstances that remain unclear. Tigray is still cut off from the outside world by the Ethiopian government, which has prevented all communication with the region... read more
Outside Powers Are Making the Conflict in the Central African Republic Worse
Added 26 January 2021
The ongoing scramble for Africa's resources between the world's big powers is currently playing out to devastating effect on the people of the Central African Republic. This country which is rich in diamonds, gold, uranium, and other minerals, has been under UN occupation since 2014 in the form of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA). Today, in the wake of the December 2020 elections, fighting has broken out between pro-and anti-government forces with Russia and France engaging in increasing rivalry over control of this African country.
Citizens of the Central African Republic (CAR) went to the polls on Dec. 27 to select their next president and legislature. But even after the announcement of preliminary results in the early evening of Jan. 4—President Faustin-Archange Touadéra, the incumbent, secured a second mandate with 53 percent of the vote—an enduring sense of vulnerability continues to permeate the country, culminating in numerous attacks from armed groups on key cities including the capital, Bangui.
Just days before the elections, CAR’s constitutional court invalidated former President François Bozizé’s candidacy, leading to the sudden emergence of a rebel alliance that quickly captured towns near Bangui. The military response from Russia and Rwanda on behalf of the Central African government rapidly internationalized the conflict, while the G5—composed of the African Union, United Nations, European Union, United States, and France—finds itself in an awkward position, championing elections that many believe were neither safe nor fair. Touadéra has declared war on the rebel alliance, but many question whether his government represents all Central Africans, and if it has the ability or willingness to take on armed groups... read more
In Memory of Patrice Lumumba, Assassinated on 17 January 1961
Added 20 January 2021
One of the many ugly crimes of foreign intervention in Africa was the assassination of Patrice Lumumba, the first Prime Minister of independent Congo, by the the 'western powers', particularly the governments of the USA and Belgium.
On 17 January 1961, Lumumba, this great fighter for Congo’s independence, for social justice and for internationalism, was tortured and then executed, along with several of his comrades, by Congolese leaders complicit with Western powers, as well as by Belgian police and soldiers. Lumumba was only 35 years old and could have continued to play a very important role in his country, in Africa and at a global level.
As journalist Colette Braeckman wrote,
“Patrice Lumumba, the Congolese Prime Minister who was illegally removed from office in September, placed under house arrest and then detained in Thysville, had been sent to Katanga on 17 January 1961. Five hours after his arrival on Katangan soil, he was put to death with his two companions Maurice M’Polo and Robert Okito.”
Among the Congolese leaders who directly participated in the killing of Lumumba, we find Moïse Tshombé, self-proclaimed president of the Congolese province of Katanga, which seceded on 11 July 1960, less than two weeks after the independence of Congo on 30 June 1960. The Katangan secession proclaimed by Moïse Tshombe was supported by Belgium and the large Belgian mining corporations that controlled that part of Congo (see below) with a view to destabilizing the government led by Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba... read more
Fracking The Okavango: Big Oil Comes For Africa’s Greatest Park
Added 23 December 2020
Canadian oil and gas company Recon Africa said in an August 2020 press release that they are planning to drill oil and gas wells into an environmentally sensitive, protected area in Africa that supplies the Okavango Delta with water.
The drilling location sits along the banks of the Kavango River, straddling the border between Namibia and Botswana, inside of the newly proclaimed Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area, called the KAZA Park... read more
Morocco-Israel normalization merely ‘political’, struck under US-Saudi pressure: Analyst
Added 16 December 2020
The normalization deal between Morocco and Israel is only “political,” and was struck under pressure from outgoing US President Donald Trump and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman as Moroccans have long been opposed to ties with the occupying regime, says a political analyst from Brussels.
Elijah J Magnier made the remarks in a phone interview with Press TV on Saturday, while commenting on Washington’s plan to complete a deal on the sale of at least four sophisticated large aerial drones to Morocco, which has agreed to normalize relations with Israel... read more
The Ethiopia Crisis and Foreign Intervention
Added 8 December 2020
It is now estimated that around 1 million people in Tigray, northern Ethiopia, have been displaced by the current military conflict and the UN has announced that the government of Ethiopia has only this week agreed to "unimpeded" access for humanitarian purposes. The Ethiopian government at first demanded that it must control any humanitarian corridor. There have already been widescale reports of a lack of food and medical supplies and the war has been launched at exactly the time when farmers harvest their crops... read more
Russia to establish military base in Sudan
Added 1 December 2020
Moscow has revealed a draft agreement with Khartoum on Wednesday that allows for establishing a naval logistics base on the Sudanese coast in the Red Sea.
The proposed naval base will be able to accommodate up to 300 soldiers and employees as stipulated in the agreement, in addition to ships equipped with nuclear gear "taking into account nuclear and environmental safety requirements", provided that no more than four ships would anchor simultaneously... read more
Tigray: The AU failed Ethiopia, while US calls the shots
Added 25 November 2020
It is almost three weeks since a large-scale war started in the Tigray region of Ethiopia involving a multitude of internal actors and external military players. That this is happening in a country where the African Union (AU) is rooted, with its overarching slogan ‘silencing the guns in Africa’, is puzzling, to say the least.
Who are the players? On the one hand, we have a broad coalition of the Ethiopian Federal Defense Forces led by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, a myriad of armed groups from the Amhara region, smaller contributions of militias from the other regional states and more than 10 divisions of the Eritrean regular army supported by militarised drones supplied by the United Arab Emirates.
And on the other side are Tigray’s regional military units albeit relatively organised and experienced. There are also unconfirmed reports of the participation of two brigades from Southern Somalia, part of the units believed to have been trained in Eritrea, as part of the coalition against Tigray... read more
Who Benefits from the Destruction of Ethiopia?
Added 25 November 2020
There are a lot of unanswered questions about the war in Ethiopia. Let me pose one more: who stands to gain across the region?
Ten years ago the then-Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi told me, “my nightmare is that we should have an Egyptian agenda financed by Gulf money.” He didn’t foresee state-of-the-art military technology as part of that nightmare.
The crucial military difference between the Federal army and the TPLF in the current war is armed drones flown from an airbase in Assab. A drone campaign of this nature will have required meticulous advance planning. The airbase is operated by the United Arab Emirates, formerly used as a base for its military operations in Yemen.
Under President Donald Trump, U.S. policy has been to give free rein to its key allies in the region—Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE. In a phone call with Israeli and Sudanese leaders on 23 October President Trump said, of Egypt and the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, “And they’ll end up blowing up the dam. And I said it — and I say it loud and clear, ‘They’ll blow up that dam’.”... read more
For Turkey, the Libyan conflict and the eastern Mediterranean are inextricably linked
Added 24 November 2020
On September 3, the United Nations warned that war-torn Libya is at a “decisive turning point,” with weapons from foreign backers pouring into both sides of the conflict. The main foreign protagonists in the Libyan conflict are split into two camps. In one camp is Russia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Egypt, who have been the principal financial and military backers of the self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA). In the opposing camp is Turkey and Qatar, who back the UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA).
The proxy confrontation playing out in Libya between these foreign powers has intensified a regional competition for resources in the waters of the eastern Mediterranean, where several overlapping claims for maritime jurisdiction by Turkey, Egypt, Greece, and Cyprus have fueled escalating tensions that have elicited mediation efforts by NATO and the European Union (EU)...
Zambia to default on foreign debt, finance minister says
Added 16 November 2020
Zambia will not pay an overdue Eurobond coupon before a 30-day grace period expires at the end of the day, the finance minister told Reuters news agency on Friday, setting the country on course to become Africa’s first pandemic-era sovereign default.
Zambia missed the payment of a $42.5m coupon on one of its dollar-denominated sovereign bonds last month. The government had requested that bondholders grant it a deferral of interest payments until April as it struggled with the dual burdens of fighting the pandemic and a limping economy. But the creditors rejected the request earlier on Friday.
“They will not support the standstill or consent solicitation and, given our precarious position that requires us to treat all creditors equally, we have no other alternative but to accumulate arrears,” Finance Minister Bwalya Ng’andu said... read more
Regime-Change Mission in Ethiopia by Nobel Peace Laureate
Added 13 November 2020
“It’s like an empire crumbling before our eyes,” is how one diplomat observing the crisis in Ethiopia was quoted as saying. There is no doubt that the historically important nation is facing a momentous threat to its existence.
After two years as prime minister Abiy Ahmed has overseen the collapse of a once strong and independent country, the only nation in Africa never to have been colonized by foreign powers.
The latest eruption of violence is centered on the northwest Tigray region which borders Eritrea and Sudan. Abiy has sent troops and warplanes to bring the oppositional stronghold under the control of the central government in Addis Ababa. Despite claims echoed by the state-run media that federal troops have succeeded in gaining control, the region remains defiant. Hundreds are reported dead from battles. But it is hard to confirm because the region has been cut off by the Abiy regime... read more
Ethiopia mobilises for war in northern
Added 10 November 2020
The US government, in pursuit of its strategic interest in the Horn of Africa, is encouraging the Ethiopian government to wage war on the Tigray region. Sending aircraft to bomb the country's citizens should be condemned. The US and other foreign powers should stop meddling in Ethiopia and the government there should stop its military attack on the people of Tigray and use peaceful methods to resolve the political differences in that country.
Ethiopia mobilised for war in the northern Tigray region on Thursday, dashing international hopes of averting a conflict between Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's government and the powerful ethnic faction that led the ruling coalition for decades.
"Our country has entered into unexpected war... the war will not come to the centre, it will end there (in Tigray)," the deputy chief of the army, Birhanu Jula, said on state television.
Troops were being mustered from around the country and dispatched to Tigray, he said. The announcement followed clashes on Wednesday between government forces and the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), after Abiy ordered retaliation for what the government described as a TPLF attack on its troops... read more
Anglo American sued over alleged mass lead poisoning of children in Zambia
Added 22 October 2020
A class action lawsuit has been filed against the mining company Anglo American over its alleged failure to prevent widespread toxic lead pollution in the Zambian town of Kabwe. The town hosted one of the world’s biggest lead mines for many decades and scientists have reported “alarming” levels of lead in people’s blood.
“The public environmental health disaster left behind by Anglo means there are more than 100,000 children and women of childbearing age in Kabwe who are likely to have suffered lead poisoning as a result of pollution caused by Anglo,” according to the filed legal documents... read more
Tax evasion and theft ‘rob Africa’ of $89bn a year: UN study
Added 13 October 2020
Africa is losing nearly $89bn a year in illicit financial flows such as tax evasion and theft, amounting to more than it receives in development aid, a new UN study shows.
The estimate, published on Monday in the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development’s (UNCTAD) 248-page report, is the UN’s most comprehensive to date for Africa. It shows an increasing trend over time and is higher than most previous estimates... read more
US requires Kenya to publicly back Israel or forget FTA: Nairobi
Added 29 September 2020
The United States has required Kenya to support Israel’s commercial and political interests or forget a free trade agreement (FTA) with Washington, with activists warning that the inclusion of Israel in the bilateral deal would undermine the Kenyan reputation.
Washington and Nairobi recently resumed trade pact talks after a several-week halt. The US has set a raft of conditions in the ongoing negotiations for the bilateral deal.
In its objectives seen by the Kenyan newspaper East African, Washington has indicated that the conditional deal should, with respect to commercial partnerships, discourage actions that prejudice or discourage business between the United States and Israel... read more
Anniversary of the Birth of Amílcar Cabral
Added 21 September 2020
Born on September 12 in 1924, Amílcar Cabral led the fight to overthrow Portuguese colonialism in Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde
Greatness is an attribute best judged by circumstances. In every era, humans have had many apparently insuperable problems to overcome. Those who are great are those who can find solutions to these problems, or who can inspire others to solve them.
In the 20th century, most of Africa was faced with the task of liberating itself from foreign colonial rule. In many countries, a form of independence was achieved by the early 1960s. However, the dictatorial government of Portugal refused to acknowledge the rights of Africans to govern themselves in its colonies, which included Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde and Portuguese Guinea (which became Guinea-Bissau after independence)... read more
US Wants to Expand Drone War Into Kenya
Added 17 September 2020
US steps up its wars in Africa
A report from The New York Times says the US is seeking the authority to carry out drone strikes in Kenya to attack members of al-Shabab, a militant group the US has been heavily bombing in neighboring Somalia. The drone war against al-Shabab in Somalia has dramatically increased under President Trump, who loosened the rules of engagement for the campaign in 2017.
The report, which cites four anonymous sources, says the new authorities are awaiting the approval of President Trump and Secretary of Defense Mark Esper. The desire for this new authority stems from a January al-Shabab attack on Camp Simba, a military base in Manda Bay, Kenya, that houses US and Kenyan forces. The January ambush killed three Americans... read more
Instability in Mali Caused by Imperialist
Added 16 September 2020
A mutiny by lower-ranking military officers on August 18 in the West African state of Mali has prompted the condemnation of regional, continental and international organizations.
President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita was forced over the national media to resign from office after being elected just two years ago.
Demonstrations against the government in Bamako, the capital, have escalated over the last few months in the aftermath of legislative elections. Opposition parties and coalitions are accusing Keita of corruption, irregularities in the elections earlier this year and with the failure to bring stability to the northern region of the country which has been the scene of an insurgency by several Islamist groupings... read more
China's demand for luxury wood furniture ‘fuels’ West Africa’s deforestation
Added 11 September 2020
For months, authorities in Cameroon were faced with pressure from conservationists to rescind a government contract that allowed the controversial harvesting of timber from a heritage forest.
On August 11, the Prime Minister’s office issued a cancellation decree. Fouda Seraphin Magloire, the Secretary-General in the PM’s office, said there were illegalities in allowing harvesting in the forest.
That move meant the classification of 68,385 hectares in the Nkam, Sanaga Maritime Division of the Littoral Region, South-western Cameroon, as private property had been cancelled and the plot reverted to government management... read more
UN says new polio outbreak in Sudan caused by oral vaccine
Added 8 September 2020
The World Health Organization says a new polio outbreak in Sudan is linked to an ongoing vaccine-sparked epidemic in Chad — a week after the U.N. health agency declared the African continent free of the wild polio virus.
In a statement this week, WHO said two children in Sudan — one from South Darfur state and the other from Gedarif state, close to the border with Ethiopia and Eritrea — were paralyzed in March and April. Both had been recently vaccinated against polio. WHO said initial outbreak investigations show the cases are linked to an ongoing vaccine-derived outbreak in Chad that was first detected last year and is now spreading in Chad and Cameroon... read more
Revealed: The CIA and MI6’s secret war
Added 1 September 2020
A day before being killed in August 2019, 45-year-old motorcycle taxi driver, Mohamed ‘Modi’ Mwatsumiro was heard arguing with his wife at their tin roof dwelling in the small town of Ngombeni, on the south coast of Kenya. Modi had ordered her to leave with their young child and stay with her family.
“Even though she really tried to resist, he was insistent that she must leave with the child. He became aggressive and she had to give in. It was as if he was expecting something to happen that night,” a neighbour told Kenya’s leading newspaper hours after Modi was killed.
It is not known whether Modi had asked his wife to leave because he feared he was a marked man, but Kenyan police suspected he was linked to a suicide bomber involved in the DusitD2 hotel complex terrorist attack in Nairobi in January 2019, which killed 21 people including a US citizen... read more
Inside the secret world of US
commandos in Africa
Added 26 August 2020
United States Special Operations forces (SOF) — including Navy SEALs, Army Green Berets and Marine Corps Raiders — are the US military’s most highly trained soldiers, specialising in counterterrorism, counter-insurgency, and “direct action” combat raids, among other missions. Their operations are shrouded in secrecy.
In 2019, US Special Operations forces were deployed in 22 African countries.... more than 14% of US commandos deployed overseas in 2019 were sent to Africa, the largest percentage of any region in the world except for the greater Middle East.
Although US commandos operate on the African continent with the agreement of host governments, ordinary Africans are rarely told about the full extent of US activities — nor offered a say in how and why Americans operate in their countries. Even basic information, like the sweep and scope of deployments by elite US troops and clandestine combat by American commandos on the continent, is mostly unreported across Africa... read more
Niger lost tens of millions to arms deals malpractice, leaked report alleges
Added 18 August 2020
More than $100m of public money in Niger, one of the world’s poorest countries and a key regional recipient of western aid, was wasted in a series of potentially corrupt international arms deals, a leaked official document alleges.
A confidential government audit of defence spending found that at least $137m had been lost due to malpractice over an eight-year period ending in 2019.
The report by the Inspection Générale des Armées, an independent body that audits Niger’s armed forces, said much of the equipment sourced from international firms in Russia, Ukraine, China and elsewhere was overpriced, had not been delivered or had been purchased without going through a genuine competitive bidding process... read more
Mozambique: U.S. And French
Look To Move In
Added 11 August 2020
Both the United States and France are trying to become involved in patrolling the coast of Cabo Delgado. The US is explicitly linking anti-drug and anti-insurgency activity.
"There’s a lot of overlap between the drug traffickers and extremists and the types of conditions that enable them to thrive, and sadly, those conditions are present in Mozambique. So in Mozambique [the State Department is] supporting some of the Mozambican government’s counter-narcotics efforts. We’re also working … to help them disrupt some of the transnational organized crime at sea through more effective patrolling," said Heather Merritt, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, in a 21 July press briefing. https://www.state.gov/telephonic-press-briefing-on-drug-trafficking-in-africa/ read more
Africa Starts to Have Second Thoughts About That Chinese Money
Added 4 August 2020
The ongoing struggle between the various big powers to seize Africa in order to plunder its natural and human resources has turned into a full scale new 'scramble for Africa'. The information war is very much a part of this new scramble. This article from Bloomberg is an example of how this information war is being waged. While condemning China's predatory loans in Africa, it remains silent on the very same practices of the Anglo-Americans and the old style colonialist powers. The issue for Africans is to end all forms of foreign interference in and domination, including economic, political, military and ideological, over Africa.
Dipak Patel can still recall the dizzying grandeur of his 2003 visit to Beijing’s cavernous Great Hall of the People: the rows of stern guards all the same height, the state dinner that included stewed shark fin and bird’s nest soup, and the People’s Liberation Army band playing songs from Patel’s native Zambia—even singing in one of the African country’s scores of dialects.
As Zambia’s minister of commerce at the time, Patel had joined the delegation to cement ties and—crucially—secure financing for big-ticket infrastructure initiatives. While most delegates were eager to accept anything they could get for projects such as a hydropower dam and a 50,000-seat soccer stadium, Patel urged caution. “My view was that we needed to build a strategic partnership and think it through,” he says. “But I was one voice in the cabinet.”... read more
France-Turkey naval clash: Proxy war in Libya enters a new stage
Added 28 July 2020
NATO's brutal 2011 destruction of Libya, driven by the imperial interests of the rulers of France, Britain and the USA, has turned what was once Africa's most developed country into a theatre of human suffering. Today, the struggle for control of Libya's resources is intensifying between the foreign powers and further worsening the conditions of life for the Libyan people.
A confrontation between the two NATO states France and Turkey continues to trouble the Mediterranean region; Egyptian forces are mobilizing. And many other military players are continuing operations there.
In March 2011, during a hectic weekend, the French delegation to the UN Security Council managed to convince all other member States of the Council to support Resolution 1973. It was all about a “humanitarian corridor” for Benghazi, which was considered the “good opposition” by the government of Nicolas Sarkozy. One of his whisperers was the controversial philosopher Bernard-Henri Levy, who supported a French intervention. Levy, fond of the “humanitarian war,” found a congenial partner in Sarkozy... read more
Africa to Become Testing Ground for “Trust Stamp” Vaccine Record and Biometric Digital Payment System
Added 22 July 2020
A biometric digital identity platform that “evolves just as you evolve” is set to be introduced in “low-income, remote communities” in West Africa thanks to a public-private partnership between the Bill Gates-backed GAVI vaccine alliance, Mastercard and the AI-powered “identity authentication” company, Trust Stamp.
The program, which was first launched in late 2018, will see Trust Stamp’s digital identity platform integrated into the GAVI-Mastercard “Wellness Pass,” a digital vaccination record and identity system that is also linked to Mastercard’s click-to-play system that powered by its AI and machine learning technology called NuData. Mastercard, in addition to professing its commitment to promoting “centralized record keeping of childhood immunization” also describes itself as a leader toward a “World Beyond Cash,” and its partnership with GAVI marks a novel approach towards linking a biometric digital identity system, vaccination records, and a payment system into a single cohesive platform. The effort, since its launch nearly two years ago, has been funded via $3.8 million in GAVI donor funds in addition to a matched donation of the same amount by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation... read more
IMF “Economic Medicine” Contributes to Health Crisis in Africa: Shortage of Health Workers
Added 16 July 2020
The statistics are revealing, but should not be shocking to those of us who study physical economics. Throughout its history we have seen the IMF insist on cuts to meet macro-economic goals at the expense of the population. This report clearly pinpoints the effects of tying loans to cuts back in healthcare. Africa was suffering from an acute shortage of healthcare workers before the COVID-19 pandemic. Sub-Saharan Africa has the fewest physicians per 1,000 population and the lowest number of hospital beds per 1,000 population.
It was pointed out by Ethiopian Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed, earlier this year, that payments of debt service equaled or surpassed the amount of money nations spent on healthcare. He wrote “In 2019, 64 countries, nearly half of them in sub-Saharan Africa, spent more on servicing external debt than on health. Ethiopia spends twice as much on paying off external debt as on health.
Outrage as statues allegedly looted from Nigeria sold in Paris
Added 7 July 2020
A pair of Nigerian Igbo statues that were allegedly looted during Nigeria's Biafra War in the 1960s were sold in Paris at auction on Monday to the tune of 212,500 euros in the latest case where antiquities stolen from their origin sell for high profit in the West.
Princeton scholar and art historian Chika Okeke-Agulu argues that the two statues were taken through “an act of violence” and should not have been for sale. Okeke-Agulu is an Igbo, one of the largest ethnic groups in Nigeria... read more
The US Strengthens its Military Foothold in Africa
Added 30 June 2020
Today, Africa has become a hot topic, nearing the top of this list not only in the United States, but in many European countries as well.
On the one hand, the recently heightened interest in this issue is due to the protests that have engulfed not only the United States, but also many European countries. The movement is demanding an end to racial crimes primarily against people from African countries, who have continuously been subjected to various forms of harassment since the colonial era. This is evidenced by numerous examples of racial abuse in the United States, Britain, and a number of European countries. This was also stated by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, who stressed that the murder of African-American George Floyd became a symbol of systemic racism.
On the other hand, the continent of Africa continues to attract the attention of the United States and many other capitalist countries as a huge source of natural wealth and human resources. This is why attempts to manipulate the African region by external means, creating consistent ongoing Western-controlled chaos and numerous armed conflict.. read more
The Case of Africa and the Crown Agents
Added 23 June 2020
"101 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE) — most of them British — have mining operations in 37 sub-Saharan African countries. They collectively control over $1 trillion worth of Africa’s most valuable resources".
Take the case of Africa as a quick example: Over 70% of the mineral control of African raw materials, mining, and refining are run by companies based in Britain or Commonwealth nations like Canada, South Africa or Australia managed by an international infrastructure of managers called “Crown Agents Ltd” (founded in 1833 as the administrative arm of the Empire and which still runs much of Africa’s health, and economic development policies to this day).
Crown Agents was originally set up as a non-profit with the mandate to manage British Empire holdings in Asia and Africa and its charter recognizes it as “an emanation of the Crown”. While it is “close to the monarchy” it is still outside governmental structures affording it the ability to get its hands dirtier than other “official” branches of government (resulting in the occasional case of World Bank debarment as happened in 2011).
In 1996 Crown Agents was privatized as ‘Crown Agents for Overseas Government and Administration’ where it became active in Central and Eastern Europe with its greatest focus on Ukraine’s economic, energy and health management. The agency is partnered with the World Bank, UN and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and acts as a giant holding company with one shareholder called the Crown Agents Foundation based in Southwark London.
A big part of Crown Agents’ program is designed to embed Africa with “green energy grids” as part of the anti-BRI OSOWOG Plan (surnamed “Sun Never Sets Plan”) announced by Modi in 2018.
As outlined in the 2016 report New Colonialism: Britain’s Scramble for African Energy and Mineral Resources:
“101 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE) — most of them British — have mining operations in 37 sub-Saharan African countries. They collectively control over $1 trillion worth of Africa’s most valuable resources. The UK government has used its power and influence to ensure that British mining companies have access to Africa’s raw materials. This was the case during the colonial period and is still the case today.”
As we can see by this most summary overview of the modern imperial looting operations of Africa, the spirit of Cecil Rhodes is alive and well.
The Multiple Hands of British Intelligence. “The Real British Empire is A Nasty Beast”
Strategic Culture Foundation
African Countries Call for Urgent UN Debate Over Racism
Added 15 June 2020
African countries on Friday called on the United Nation Human Rights Council to urgently debate racism and police impunity, amid growing protests over George Floyd's death in the United States and other parts of the world.
In a letter written on behalf of 54 African countries, Burkina Faso's ambassador to the UN in Geneva asked the UN's top rights body for an "urgent debate" on "racially inspired human rights violations, police brutality against Black people and the violence against the peaceful protests that call for these injustices to stop". read more
On African Liberation Day, the Black Alliance for Peace Demands U.S. Shut Down AFRICOM
Added 8 June 2020
On the 57th anniversary of African Liberation Day (ALD), the Black Alliance for Peace (BAP) calls on international civil society and progressive states to “Rise Up to Shut Down AFRICOM.”
“Today, U.S. bases, as well as military-to-military relations between 53 out of the 54 African countries and the United States, characterize the aggressive strategy of the U.S. to preserve the interests of the Pan-European, white supremacist colonial/capitalist project on the African continent,” says Netfa Freeman, organizer with Pan-African Community Action (PACA) and member of BAP’s Coordinating Committee. “The U.S. and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) represent an existential threat to African independence because these forces are committed to the use of violence to maintain control over the land, resources and labor of African people.”
African development, national sovereignty and self-determination is impossible as long as the U.S. and its European allies are allowed to prop up neocolonial states run by the comprador bourgeoisie who use their countries’ militaries to stay in power to serve U.S. and European colonialism...read more
Marking Africa Day 2020
Added 2 June 2020
May 25 marks Africa Liberation Day, sometimes known as Africa Freedom Day, or more recently simply Africa Day. It has been celebrated on May 25 since 1963 to mark the date of the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), but the day has been observed since its inception in 1958, by the peoples of Africa, the African diaspora and all progressive people to mark the victories achieved, as well as the continuing struggles, for the complete liberation and independence of the African continent.
The African continent and its peoples have made many advances in the struggle for their empowerment and to end foreign interference over the past sixty-two years, including the founding of the OAU itself, as well as the creation of its successor, the African Union. There have also been important struggles to bring to end dictatorial regimes as in Egypt and Sudan.
But the imperialist system of states, headed by the governments of the US, Britain and the other big powers, continue to thwart the aspirations of the peoples of Africa for empowerment and total liberation... read more
Geostrategic Dimensions of Libya’s Civil War
Added 28 May 2020
Conflict in Libya has claimed the lives of tens of thousands, generated instability throughout North Africa and the Sahel, and become an increasingly pitched focal point for geostrategic competition. Since April 2019, the civil war in Libya has intensified particularly in the west of the country, where General Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army (LNA) laid siege to Tripoli in a bid to oust the United Nations-supported Government of National Accord (GNA). The United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) estimates some 231,000 civilians are in the immediate frontline areas, with an additional 380,000 living in areas directly affected by conflict. More than 370,000 people are estimated to remain internally displaced by the violence and hundreds of civilians have been killed since Haftar’s April 2019 assault.1
According to UNSMIL, the LNA and affiliated forces conducted at least 850 precision air strikes by drones and another 170 by fighter-bombers between April 2019 and January 2020.2 Of these, some 60 precision air strikes were conducted reportedly by Egyptian and Emirati fighter aircraft. Meanwhile, the GNA and affiliated forces conducted roughly 250 air strikes... read more
The Persistence of Colonialism
How colonial history helps to explain the present European approach to migration across the Mediterranean
Added 25 May 2020
Today, we increasingly see the European Union (EU) attempting to move border controls and migration management beyond the Mediterranean and into countries along the coast of North Africa and Asia Minor. The return of migrants intercepted and rescued at sea to a network of EU-financed migrant detention centers in countries like Turkey and Libya is quickly becoming the desired norm from a European perspective. My research focuses on the latter case of Libya, where Italy is spearheading these policies. Beyond the relationship between Italy and Libya, their shared colonial history and its importance for migration policies in the Mediterranean challenge common assumptions of the EU as a counter-institution to the previous colonial projects of its member states.
In my master’s thesis I explored Italo-Libyan colonial history going back to the Italian conquest of Libya from the Ottoman Empire, forcibly drawing the area into Italy’s political and social orbit and setting the stage for a later imbalanced relationship. The two economies of Italy and Libya were tied to each other through joint oil extraction in the post-war era. A more restrictive Italian migration regime came about in the 1980s and 1990s, both as a result of domestic political changes and the demands to strengthen border security in order to join the Schengen system... read more
First Somali Congressperson Legitimizes AFRICOM and US Drone War
Added 19 May 2020
Rep. Omar recently commended the US war machine for increasing the “transparency” and “accountability” of its bombing of her native country.
“Instead of this being an asset to expose AFRICOM and to the decolonization Africa, Rep. Omar validates the role of AFRICOM.”
United States representatives, no matter their racial or ethnic backgrounds, appear unable to perceive the inherent white supremacy in the notion that the US has some altruistic responsibility to police the continent of Africa with military troops and supervisors. As a result, "people of color," such as the Somali-"American" Congresswoman IIhan Omar provide political and moral cover to the presence of the U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) and the dubious claims about “US interests” on the continent.
Only an erasure of brutal European colonization from history and its “Scramble for Africa” to steal her rich mineral resources and vast tracts of arable land can justify giving heirs of European colonialism a role of benevolence. AFRICOM is the colonization of Africa by the U.S. and constitutes the new scramble for Africa tantamount to when, in the 1800s, the colonial powers fought over which of them would dominate which parts of the resource rich continent... read more
The world cannot allow France to consign its colonial-era massacres to the dustbin of history.
Victory in Europe Day is a public holiday in France for all the right reasons. The country was pulverised during World War II, losing more than half a million citizens and experiencing the humiliation of invasion and conquest.
Martyrdom at the hands of barbarians before the fight for liberation is regularly evoked by French leaders as part of a glorious national myth.
Millions of Algerians are less easily fooled by the sophistry surrounding May 8, 1945, however.
This is not just because they know that France’s woefully quick capitulation to the German Blitzkrieg was a disaster followed by years of collaboration.
Neither is it because post-war tales about the daring French Resistance are overblown, and that Allies including Spaniards and Americans actually played more important roles in freeing Paris from the Third Reich... read more
African Union Statement on the Attack on Africans in China
Added 28 April 2020
Following the reported incidents of brutalities and related injuries allegedly inflicted on Africans in Guangdong province in the People Republic of China, the Deputy Chairperson of the African Union Commission, HE Mr. Kwesi Quartey invited the Chinese Ambassador to the African Union, H.E. Amb. Liu Yuxi, to the Commission today for a discussion on how the matter would be resolved.
HE Mr Kwesi Quartey informed Amb. Yuxi that given the closeness of the relations between China and Africa, the reported incidences were clearly unacceptable.
In his response, HE Amb. Yuxi reiterated the immense value China places on its relationship with Africa and China’s commitment to protecting and developing this relationship. He registered the regret and embarrassment that the incidents have caused China. Amb. Yuxi recounted steps the Government of China has taken, and continues to take to restore calm and to protect the safety, security and dignity of the African population in China.
H.E. Amb. Liu Yuxi informed the Deputy Chairperson that, the Chinese whose social media post caused the unfortunate incident has been arrested. Also, law enforcement personnel exerting excessive force have been reprimanded and cautioned to exercise restraint whilst discharging their duties. He also mentioned that two hotels have been secured for the affected Africans and the cost would be borne by the Chinese Government. Furthermore, seized passports and personal belongings have been retrieved and handed over to their rightful owners, Amb. Yuxi added.
He expressed overall regret for what had happened and intimated China’s determination to use this as a lesson to improve relations with their African brothers.
Clearly this matter has caused grief, pain and humiliation to all Africans.
Africa values its relationship with China but not at any price. Further act of brutality meted out to Africans will not be countenanced by the African Union and indeed all Africans.
Commentary: Ethiopia’s acceptance of GMOs turns decades of pan-African environmental leadership on its head
by Teshome Hunduma
Added 27 April 2020
In 2015, the government of Ethiopia opened up the country to genetically modified organisms (GMOs) by loosening the safeguards built into the 2009 biosafety law that were meant to protect against the risks posed by GMOs, and in 2018 approved commercial cultivation of Bt-cotton. Despite this, there has been limited public debate or media coverage on this issue. Yet, this decision breaks with decades of public policy in Ethiopia and can have major implications for Africa as a whole.
The move has recently been praised in a report published by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service in February 2020: “approval of commercial cultivation of genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant cotton (Bt-cotton) and confined field trail on GM maize can be taken as an effort to improve agricultural productivity using modern agricultural tools.” Pleased with the government’s deeds, the report went on to state that the country’s “adoption of Bt-cotton not only has [high] economic importance but [is] also expected to have [a] positive influence on the acceptance of this technology in the region.” Blaming the government for its past precautionary approach to GMOs, the report says Ethiopia is now on track “especially considering that a decade ago the country was at the forefront of the anti-GMO movement in Africa.”
In my opinion, the USDA’s appreciation of Ethiopia’s policy change is driven by a strategic interest for the United States and American multinationals to use Ethiopia as a springboard to expand GMO cultivation in Africa. Ethiopia’s uncritical and hasty approval of GMOs can have consequences for the country’s biodiversity, public health, and the socio-economic conditions of smallholder farmers... read more
5 Million Nigerians Oppose Monsanto's Plans to Introduce GMO Cotton and Corn
Added 20 April 2020
One-hundred organizations representing more than 5 million Nigerians, including farmers, faith-based organisations, civil society groups, students and local community groups, have submitted a joint objection to the country's National Biosafety Management Agency (NABMA) expressing serious concerns about human health and environmental risks of genetically altered crops.
The groups' petition follows Monsanto Agricultural Nigeria Limited's own application to NAMBA that seeks to release GMO cotton (Bt cotton, event MON 15985) into the city of Zaria as well as surrounding towns. Another application seeks confined field trials of two GMO corn varieties (NK603 and stacked event MON 89034 x NK603) in multiple locations in Nigeria.
In a press release, the groups said they are particularly alarmed about the commercial release of Bt cotton into Nigeria, which is being phased out in Burkina Faso due to the "inferior lint quality" of the GMO cultivars.
“We are totally shocked that it should come so soon after peer-reviewed studies have showed that the technology has failed dismally in Burkina Faso," Nnimmo Bassey, the director of the Health of Mother Earth Foundation, one of the leading opposition groups, said in a statement. "It has brought nothing but economic misery to the cotton sector there and is being phased out in that country where compensation is being sought from Monsanto... read more
EU Set to Deploy Warships Off Libya in Rare Hard-Power Display
Added 13 April 2020
In a rare joint display of hard power, EU governments decided on Tuesday to deploy warships in the central Mediterranean to inspect vessels suspected of funneling weapons to and from the war-torn state. The operation will also “monitor and gather information on illicit exports from Libya of petroleum, crude oil and refined petroleum products,” the 27-nation bloc said.
The European mission will also have aerial and satellite assets. Dubbed “Irini” after the Greek word for peace, it is due to last initially until March 31, 2021.
“Libya has to be a priority to the European Union,” EU foreign-policy chief Josep Borrell said in Brussels after the bloc’s national governments overcame months of disagreement about the details of the operation and gave it the final green light. “Unhappily, the situation in the country continues to be very critical and requires urgent action.”... read more
Faced with new allegations of killing civilians with drone strikes in Somalia, the US military has announced plans to make its operations across Africa more transparent.
Amnesty International accused the US military on Wednesday of providing “zero accountability” for civilian victims of airstrikes by its Africa command, Africom.
The rights group said its investigations into two February airstrikes that Africom claimed had killed al-Shabaab fighters showed “no evidence” the two victims killed were militants.
According to Amnesty, the victims were 18-year-old Nurto Kusow Omar Abukar, whose house was hit while she ate dinner with her family, and 53-year-old banana farmer Mohamud Salad Mohamud... read more
Africa leads calls for debt relief in face of coronavirus crisis
Added 27 March 2020
Government ministers across Africa have called for the suspension of debt interest payments as the Covid-19 crisis deepens.
The numbers of cases being reported in Africa are still behind Europe and the US but rises are being confirmed in South Africa, Kenya, Egypt, Algeria and Burkina Faso, among others, and there is fear of what economic consequences the pandemic might wreak.
On Monday the heads of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund expressed support for debt relief to help countries strengthen their health systems in readiness.
During a conference call for G20 ministers on Monday, the IMF’s leader, Kristalina Georgieva, pointed to the replenishing of funds used in a debt relief and aid mechanism during the 2014 Ebola epidemic that struck three African countries... read more
No to Britain's Warmongering International Role
Military Intervention in West Africa under the Guise of Peacekeeping Must Cease
Added 11 March 2020
News agencies are reporting that the government is significantly stepping up its military intervention in West Africa, allegedly to help combat what is being referred to as the world's fastest growing insurgency in that region, although this announcement was made by the Ministry of Defence several months ago. At that time the Defence Secretary claimed that this was part of the government's "humanitarian and security efforts in the Sahel". The government claims that at the same time it is stepping up its role in "tackling the underlying causes of poverty and conflict" in countries of the Sahel such as Mali, Niger, Chad, Burkina Faso and Mauritania.
Around thirty British soldiers and marines are already deployed in Senegal, apparently engaged in training nearly 2,000 local special forces troops from several other African countries, including Nigeria, Senegal, Cameroon and Morocco, in what is referred to as a "counter-terrorism exercise" led by the United States in the Sahel...
Trudeau promotes mining exploitation in Africa
Added 4 March 2020
The Trudeau government, just like the Harper Conservatives, has used Canadian foreign policy to protect the profits of wealthy mining companies against ordinary Africans desire to benefit from resource extraction.
During a recent visit Justin Trudeau announced negotiations on a Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (FIPA) with Ethiopia. FIPAs empower international investors by giving corporations the right to sue governments — in private, investor-friendly tribunals — for pursuing policies that interfere with their profit making. As such, they undermine governments’ ability to democratically determine economic and ecological policy. (Since few African companies invest in Canada there is little chance Ottawa will face a suit or feel domestic policy pressure as a result of a FIPA with an African country.)
The Liberals have signed FIPAs with Nigeria, Moldova and negotiated them with a half dozen more states. Following his participation in the November 2018 Africa Investment Forum, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of International Trade, Omar Alghabra, wrote: “To further help Canadian companies compete and succeed in this thriving region, the Canadian government has negotiated foreign investment promotion and protection agreements (FIPAs) with Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Senegal and Tanzania. These agreements encourage increased bilateral investments between our countries by helping to reduce risk and by increasing investor confidence in our respective markets. We continue to advance FIPA negotiations with a number of other African countries.”... read more
Why are French soldiers in the Sahel? Protesters have an answer
Added 24 February 2020
Large protests have been taking place in Bamako, the capital of Mali, demanding that French troops leave the country. “We marched for them to leave, and now they send 600 more,” one blogger in Mali wrote in response to the news that more French soldiers were to be deployed to the Sahel. In total, roughly 5,100 French troops are deployed in Mali, as well as across Chad, Niger, Mauritania and Burkina Faso. Public opposition to French military intervention in the Sahel, seen as undermining national sovereignty, has been growing over the last year across francophone Africa. The popular Cameroonian musician Géneral Valsero recently declared, “The presence of the French army is an insult.”
French troops have been in the region on and off since they occupied it in the 19th century, seeking to secure French access to labour and resources. They have remained, and returned, since independence. The French launched Operation Serval in 2013 in response to gains made by insurgent groups in the north of Mali. Since then, instability has spread and different states in the region are now dealing with repeated attacks and insurgencies from a range of groups, some linked to al-Qaeda and Islamic State...read more
Global NCAP car to car crash test demonstrates double standard on vehicle safety in Africa
Added 20 February 2020
In the first test of its kind, Global NCAP has crashed the best-selling pick up model in Africa, the 2019 Nissan NP300 Hardbody, into a second-hand Nissan Navara NP300 manufactured in Europe in 2015. The unique car to car crash test graphically demonstrates the double standard currently applied by Nissan and other car makers to vehicle safety in Africa.
The difference in safety performance between the new African model and the second-hand European version is a matter of life and death. The crash test driver dummy in the new African Nissan would have likely sustained fatal injuries, the driver of the equivalent second-hand European model would have likely walked away from the crash. The second-hand European car is fitted with the life saving crash avoidance anti-skid system, Electronic Stability Control (ESC), the new African version is not... read more
How Western accounting firms have facilitated state looting in Africa
Added 11 February 2020
The connivance of African political elites with Western accounting and consulting firms has enabled the wholesale looting of state-owned enterprises in Angola and South Africa, leaving our people poorer and our governments less capable of delivering essential services.
The fact that 30% of Angola’s population lives on less than $1.90 (R27) a day, when the country is the second-largest oil producer in Africa, makes such sophisticated corruption networks a grave crime against the people of this continent.
This week, Africa was rocked by the “Luanda leaks”, which uncovered more than 700 000 documents that expose the collusion between billionaire Isabel dos Santos, the daughter of former Angolan president Jose Eduardo dos Santos and the “Big Four” Western accounting firms, top consulting companies and banks that facilitated the looting of Angola... read more
Increasing Britain's Exploitation of the Wealth of Africa
Added 3 February 2020
On January 20, Prime Minister Boris Johnson opened the UK-Africa Investment Summit, which, according to the government, will lay "the foundations for new partnerships between the UK and African nations based on trade, investment, shared values and mutual interest". Twenty-one African countries attended, including sixteen heads of government. Although much was made of the alleged aim to "support African countries in their ambition to transform their economies", and efforts to "enable Africa's clean energy potential", the summit was being held in the context of Brexit, the continued aim to make Britain "great" again, and the requirements of the big monopolies and financial institutions to contend with their rivals, China, Russia, the US and others, to control the resources and wealth created in Africa. Emphasis was placed on enhancing the role of the City of London's control over African financial sector and institutions. It was also announced at the summit that the government had already signed trade agreements with eleven African countries and expects to sign such agreements with seven others... read more
Nathalie Yamb: "In Africa, France kills more than AIDS and Ebola"
"We don't want your French soldiers, neither alive nor dead"
Added 28 January 2020
This article is machine translated from French to English. The original can be read here https://www.afrique-sur7.fr/438381-nathalie-yamb-afrique-france
Nathalie Yamb is very upset against Emmanuel Macron. During the Pau summit on Monday, January 13, 2020, the French president announced to the leaders of the G5 Sahel that his country is committed to sending 220 additional soldiers to the region. It was enough to arouse the wrath of the executive advisor to Mamadou Koulibaly, founder of LIDER (Freedom and Democracy for the Republic), an opposition political party... read more
Libya's war: Who is supporting whom
Added 21 January 2020
Following NATO's brutal war of aggression against Libya in 2011 which resulted in the destruction of the Libyan state, the country has become an arena of human suffering. In this scenario, various foreign powers are waging a vicious battle to seize control of Libya and its oil resources.
Since renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar launched an offensive on Libya's capital Tripoli in April, the conflict in the North African country has ground to a standstill.
After months of fighting, forces aligned with the United Nations-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), based in Tripoli, have largely prevented Haftar, who is affiliated with a rival administration in the east, from seizing the city.
Following a recent escalation in fighting, the UN on Wednesday welcomed calls by Turkey and Russia - who support opposing sides in the conflict - for a ceasefire amid warnings that Libya faced becoming a "second Syria".
As more foreign actors jostle for influence in Libya, Al Jazeera takes a look at the powers looking to shape events in the war-wracked country and who they are siding with...read more
Russia joins the new scramble for Africa
Added 13 January 2020
The Africa Summit hosted by President Vladimir Putin last October formalised Russia’s return to Africa as a global power, 28 years after the hammer and the sickle was lowered over the Kremlin.
In a symbolic gesture, on the eve of the summit, two Russian Air Force nuclear bombers landed in Africa for the first time.
With 3,000 delegates and 54 Heads of State from Africa in attendance, the Kremlin had clearly scored a goal in its charm offensive to woe back the continent. This contrasted the cold war period when the then Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev categorised African leaders as “bad, misguided and “good” for their susceptibility to Western paternalism...read more
Africa Produces 75% of Cocoa But Gets 2% of $100b Chocolate Market Revenue
Added 9 January 2020
For centuries, the economies of African countries have been made dependent on advanced economies, and despite the enormous amount of natural resources in Africa, over 500 million citizens continue to live in poverty.
A case in point is the cocoa and chocolate industries. Even though Africa produces 75 per cent of all the cocoa in the world, the continent gets only 2 per cent of the $100 billion revenue from the chocolate industry.
It is not any different with the mining sector either... read more
EU targets fragile West African fish stocks, despite protection laws
Added 18 December 2019
Most of the large fishing vessels that operate in West Africa are from distant water fishing nations – such as countries in the European Union (EU) and China and Russia. To get permission to fish in West African waters they form agreements in exchange for a fee that is payable to the government.
But these agreements have been criticised for contributing to the over-exploitation of fish stocks in the region. Specifically affected are, Guinea-Bissau, Côte d′Ivoire, Liberia, Cape Verde, Mauritania, Senegal and The Gambia.
So far, over half of the fisheries resources in waters off West Africa are already over-fished.
In our recent paper, my colleague Dyhia Belhabib and I show that the EU’s agreements with West African countries continue to target fragile fish stocks. This is despite the fact that the EU is bound by policies that are meant to protect fish stocks... read more
A Short Unsweet USAID Strategy Primer for Africa
Added 16 December 2019
USAID is further expanding its role in the highly unstable Sahel region of Africa. Their efforts will be joined by the U.S. State Department, the CIA, and the neocolonialists in France and Germany. While mainstream media tries to label Vladimir Putin and Russia with the brand if new imperialism, the Anglo European cabal go all-in to capture valuable resources there.
The Sahel. Most Americans do not have the slightest clue who, what, or where this resource-rich region is. Even if every U.S. citizen did somehow identify the biogeographic zone between the Sahara and the Sudanian Savanna to the south, few would care what goes on there. Africa, in fact, ALL of the rest of the world, is just that far removed from my country’s mental map of Earth. That’s how the deep state and the corporate 1% take advantage.... read more
The Global Economic System is designed to Keep Africa under Unending Poverty
Added 28 November 2019
Africa, the hungry cow that produces enough milk to feed the world is not hungry because she has no food within her yard; neither is she hungry because she is incapable of generating enough food on her table. The simple truth is that, this cow is hungry because an iron-lock has been placed on her head to cover her mouth and her children are threatened against their lives to accept what they obviously know to be unacceptable.
Sadly, those who milk Africa every day are not just greedy people who seek selfish benefit from her riches; they are also wicked monsters who join efforts to starve her so they can derive happiness and pleasure from the sight of her suffering in pain... read more
African Union Urges Return of UK Colony to Mauritius
Added 25 November 2019
The African Union on Friday called on Britain to withdraw from the Chagos Islands and end its “continued colonial administration” there after a U.N. deadline for it to do so expired.
The African Union urged Britain to comply with the U.N. resolution and reiterated the AU’s support “for a complete decolonisation” of the Chagos Islands.
“The UK has no doubt as to our sovereignty over the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT), which has been under continuous British sovereignty since 1814,” Britain’s Foreign Office said in a statement on Nov. 5... read more
France announces troop deployment to Burkina Faso
Added 12 November 2019
Florence Parly, the French minister of armed forces, has announced her country will be deploying ground troops to the "three borders" area of Burkina Faso.
During a visit to the country's capital, Ouagadougou, she said on Monday, "the launch of operation 'Bourgou 4' will be led by Barkhane [France's military operation in the Sahel region of Africa], but with the eminent contribution of two Burkinabe companies. The operation will take place in the coming days in the three border area, which is where there is most need."
Sources in Burkina Faso suggest the operation has already started and is being carried out at the request of the Burkinabe authorities.
The move represents an expansion of France's operation in the Sahel which, until now, has deployed the majority of its 4,500 troops to other countries in the region including Mali, Niger and Chad over five years...read more
BAT faces landmark legal case over Malawi families' poverty wages
Added 5 November 2019
Human rights lawyers are preparing to bring a landmark case against British American Tobacco on behalf of hundreds of children and their families forced by poverty wages to work in conditions of gruelling hard labour in the fields of Malawi.
Leigh Day’s lawyers are seeking compensation for more than 350 child labourers and their parents in the high court in London, arguing that the British company is guilty of “unjust enrichment”. Leigh Day says it anticipates the number of child labourer claimants to rise as high as 15,000. While BAT claims it has told farmers not to use their children as unpaid labour, the lawyers say the families cannot afford to work their fields otherwise, because they receive so little money for their crop... read more
Nigeria Demands $62 Bln From Shell, Chevron, Exxon After Being ‘Short-Changed’ on Oil Profits
Added 29 October 2019
Abuja is looking to get up to $62 billion from multinational energy conglomerates Royal Dutch Shell, ExxonMobil, Chevron, Total and Eni, citing a 2018 Supreme Court ruling it says enables it to review and adjust oil production revenue sharing agreements, Reuters has reported.
Attorney General Abubakar Malami told the news agency that Nigeria had been “short-changed” by the foreign oil giants, and said the companies have allegedly failed to comply with a 1993 contract law allowing the government to review revenue sharing in the event that oil prices reach $20 per barrel or more... read more
Does Africa Need Russia? The First Ever Russia-Africa Summit
Added 23 October 2019
The Russia Africa Summit which opened in Sochi today is further evidence of the intense scramble for Africa which is going on between the big powers. Each one presents itself as a genuine friend and 'development partner' of Africa and different from its big power competitors. However, all are driven by the same motivation, namely, to plunder Africa's resources and people and to develop means of intervention in Africa to serve their own economic and political goals. There is an urgent need to end all foregin intervention in Africa.
The first-ever Russia-Africa Summit will take place in Sochi this week from 23-24 October and usher in an entirely new era of relations between the Eurasian Great Power and world’s least-developed continent from which Moscow largely withdrew following the end of the Old Cold War. There’s a lot of nostalgia and heavy symbolism associated with this event, but both Russia and Africa have markedly changed over the past quarter-century, so it isn’t so much a reunion between close friends as it is a meeting between distant ones after growing apart for so long... read more
France seeks international support for Sahel military coalition
Added 8 October 2019
France is deepening its colonialist interference in Africa, while trying to drag into its activities both old and new European colonial powers.
France has begun asking its European partners to send special forces to Mali and other nations in Africa’s Sahel region, to shore up local forces who are being increasingly targeted by deadly jihadist attacks across the vast sub-Saharan expanse.
The idea is to improve on the basic training for forces which are often outgunned and inexperienced, and free up personnel deployed to France’s Operation Barkhane, enabling them to focus on pursuing insurgents and preventing attacks.
“Talks are underway with several countries,” a French government source told AFP, asking for anonymity to discuss the potential deployments.
For France, building up the armies of Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Chad and Niger is the essential first step before any drawdown of its troops... read more
Israel’s Scramble for Africa: Selling Water, Weapons and Lies
Added 10 September 2019
For years, Kenya has served as Israel’s gateway to Africa. Israel has been using the strong political, economic and security relations between the two states as a way to expand its influence on the continent and turn other African nations against Palestine. Unfortunately, Israel’s strategy seems, at least on the surface, to be succeeding – Africa’s historically vocal support for the Palestinian struggle on the international arena is dwindling.
The continent’s rapprochement with Israel is unfortunate, because, for decades, Africa has stood as a vanguard against all racist ideologies, including Zionism – the ideology behind Israel’s establishment on the ruins of Palestine. If Africa succumbs to Israeli enticement and pressure to fully embrace the Zionist state, the Palestinian people would lose a treasured partner in their struggle for freedom and human rights.
But all is not lost... read more
The Gulf’s interest in the Horn of Africa: Influence and Economic Ties
Added 5 September 2019
Investing their capital overseas is one of the most important features of Gulf business. Some Gulf countries (such as Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar and Oman) have been working, for some time now, on maximizing their returns in emerging foreign markets, (Gas, energy, exploration and drilling), as well as from other sources including real estate companies, shipping companies and industrial establishments, and other such investments that benefit the economies of these countries. The Gulf countries sometimes operate projects outside their borders by signing investment deals with these countries for project management and operations, development of infrastructure, and training of local staff in return for agreed profit rates as part of the contracts or economic agreements between them. All this enhances the Gulf States’ increasing economic, security and diplomatic influence in Africa... read more
British Council targets African culture to advance British interests
Added 29 August 2019
From the southern tip of the black continent to West Africa and the Horn of Africa, the British Council is actively promoting British interests through ostensibly “cultural” and “educational” programmes.
But why does the British Council have such a strong interest in the African continent and how does it go about using “soft” power to realise both avowed and disavowed British foreign policy objectives in the black continent?
Cultural outreach, or cultural penetration (depending on the reader’s perspective), constitutes a core British Council activity. It is the Council’s bread and butter work... read more
Stealing Africa’s Commodities: Europe’s destruction of African development
Added 13 August 2019
Despite lacking in the environmental conditions necessary to grow many of the world’s most valuable commodities, Europe dominates the global commodity trade. Data shows that Switzerland, despite being a relatively minute and landlocked country bereft of any major ports and far from key trading routes, leads the way in transit trading for coffee, sugar, metals, grains and crude oil (one third of globally produced oil is controlled by companies headquartered around Lake Geneva alone). Through the import and subsequent re-export of raw commodities from Africa and the rest of the Global South, a number of European countries have managed to establish hugely profitable commodity export industries, despite the lack of any obvious natural comparative advantage in the sector...read more
U.S. administration to appoint special adviser for Sudan
Added 13 June 2019
Today the world is witnessing a re-run of the 19th century 'Scramble for Africa'. Africa's old enslavers and colonisers are redoubling their efforts, while new powers are entering the race to seize control of Africa's natural resources and to plunder its countries in a million and one ways. Today's colonisers repeat the lying propaganda of yesterday's missionaries that all their actions are aimed at benefiting Africa and her people. The opposite is the case. The unfolding situation in Sudan is a case in point, where the colonisers are attempting to sabotage the Sudanese people's struggle for their rights under the banner of supporting them to "achieve a civilian government". It is the people of Sudan alone who have to determine the aims of their movement and democratic people must demand that all the foreign powers immediately end their interference in that country.
Former U.S. Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan Donald Booth will be appointed as Special Adviser on Sudan to Tibor Nagy the Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, reported The Foreign Policy Magazine on Monday evening.
The move comes as over 70 U.S. lawmakers last May urged the State Department to put pressure on the military council to ensure rapid power transfer to a civilian-led government in Sudan. Also, the US House of Representatives is set to endorse a resolution on Sudan urging “the United States Government to continue efforts to convene and work with the international community in support of a civilian-led government in Sudan” ...
Senegal: Opposition Wants BP Gas Deal Probe
Added 11 June 2019
A group of opposition politicians in Senegal called on Monday for an investigation of the history of two major offshore gas blocks run by BP after a report alleging fraud involving President Macky Sall's brother Aliou Sall.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) on Monday published an investigation alleging that in a previously unpublished arrangement, BP agreed to pay Timis Corporation, a company run by Romanian-Australian tycoon Frank Timis, around $10 billion in royalty payments for its stake in the blocks...read more
French colonialism lives on in Africa
Added 05 June 2019
CFA franc. These two words probably do not mean much to most readers, but they encapsulate one of the world’s most enduring – and little-known – economic experiments. In the simplest possible terms, the CFA franc is a currency used by 14 countries of Western and Central Africa, all of which are former French colonies. Hence the name ‘franc’, a reference to the currency formerly used in the colonies: the French franc. Indeed, as we will see, the name is more than just a semantic legacy. France still plays a considerable role in the management of this ‘African’ currency. But, to avoid getting ahead of ourselves, let’s start by laying out the basics.
When we talk of the CFA franc, we are in fact talking of two monetary unions: the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC), which includes Cameroon, Gabon, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, the Central African Republic and the Republic of the Congo; and the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), which comprises Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo... read more
China and the United States face off in Djibouti as the world powers fight for influence in Africa
Added 04 June 2019
A dirt track at Djibouti's Doraleh Port leads to a series of unassuming single-story buildings that, earlier this year, hosted the world's two superpowers. The Chinese contingent took their seats to the far right of the podium where US Rear Adm. Heidi Berg formally launched the US-led military exercise, Cutlass Express. Cutlass, and the handful of other annual US-led drills held throughout the African continent, are a low-risk and relatively low-cost way for US Africa Command (AFRICOM) to gain and keep regional allies. But in Djibouti -- a tiny nation of just 884,000 people that is a key Red Sea ally of the US -- and throughout Africa, there's new competition for local loyalties from China's military, which is increasingly asserting its influence on the continent... read more
Russia’s Military Deal with the Congo Republic Completes Its African “Corridor of Influence”
Added 29 May 2019
Most observers missed it because it wasn’t given much media attention at the time, but Russia and the Congo Republic (Congo-Brazzaville, henceforth referred to simply as the Congo) signed an important deal last week for dispatching specialists to the African country in order to maintain the military equipment that Moscow sold it over the decades. While seemingly nothing more than a technical agreement, it actually completes Moscow’s plan of creating a corridor of influence across the continent (the “African Transversal”) from the Sudanese Red Sea coast to the Congolese Atlantic one via the Central African Republic (CAR) where a small contingent of Russian troops are reportedly working with Wagner’s mercenaries under UNSC approval in order to stabilize the war-torn but resource-rich country. Put another way, Russia is now much more powerfully positioned to succeed with its 21st-century grand strategy of becoming the supreme Afro-Eurasian “balancing” force in the New Cold War if it can successfully export its “Democratic Security” model of countering Hybrid Warfare to the rest of the continent... read more
United Nations General assembly calls for ending British colonialism in the Chagos Islands
Added 23 May 2019
The General Assembly adopted a resolution today welcoming a 25 February 2019 International Court of Justice advisory opinion on the legal consequences of separating the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965, demanding that the United Kingdom unconditionally withdraw its colonial administration from the area within six months.
By a recorded vote of 116 in favour, to 6 against (Australia, Hungary, Israel, Maldives, United Kingdom, United States), with 56 abstentions, the Assembly affirmed that doing so — in accordance with the advisory opinion — would enable Mauritius to complete the decolonization of its territory as soon as possible.
Since the decolonization of Mauritius was not conducted in a manner consistent with the right to self-determination, the Assembly affirmed, the continued administration of the Archipelago constitutes a wrongful act. It urged the United Kingdom to cooperate with Mauritius to facilitate the resettlement of Mauritian nationals, including those of Chagossian origin, in the Chagos Archipelago and to pose no impediment to such efforts.
Introducing the text on behalf of the African States, Cheikh Niang (Senegal) recalled that General Assembly resolution 71/292 requested the Court to pronounce on whether the decolonization of Mauritius was lawfully completed when independence was granted in 1968, and further, on the international legal consequences arising from the United Kingdom’s administration of the Chagos Archipelago.... read more
Chinese mining companies left a Central African river 'in ruins'
Added 22 May 2019
The Central African Republic's ministry of mines and geology suspended four Chinese mining companies operating in Bozoum on March 25 for failing to protect the environment. Our Observer, Father Aurelio Gazzera, a missionary in Bozoum, says the affected areas include sections of the Ouham River. Gazzera sent The Observers photos of the river's deteriorating condition, which he says is the result of one company's hunt for gold... read more
Revealed: The U.S. military's 36 code-named operations in Africa
Added 7 May 2019
Under the guise of 'counterterrorism', the US is strengthening its grip on the continent in competition with the old European colonial powers, China, Russia and the other big powers. The urgent demand remains to end all foreign intervention in Africa.
Many Americans first became aware of U.S. military operations in Africa in October 2017, after the Islamic State ambushed American troops near Tongo Tongo, Niger, killing four U.S. soldiers and wounding two others.
Just after the attack, U.S. Africa Command said U.S. troops were providing “advice and assistance” to local counterparts. Later, it would become clear that those troops — the 11-man Operational Detachment-Alpha Team 3212 — were working out of the town of Oullam with a larger Nigerian force under the umbrella of Operation Juniper Shield, a wide-ranging counterterrorism effort in northwest Africa....read more
Libya and the Scramble for Africa
Added 25 April 2019
North Africa is in turmoil again and the cause of it can be found in the plots of the Europeans and Americans to break nations states into pieces in order to control the oil and gas producing areas of the region and in the plots of against each other. In Libya the CIA trained General Haftar has begun yet another offensive against the weak UN imposed government based in Tripoli, the Government of National Accord, whose forces are weak, which has little support among the people and which has not succeeded in restoring any of the public services, from electric power and water supply to transportation to medical, education, or other administrative systems that existed under the government of the Jamarahiya Republic destroyed by the NATO aggression of 2011. Haftar, who was sent in to Libya in 2011 from Langley, Virginia to join in the US aggression against his own country, is backed by Egypt which wants stability on its border with Libya as well as France, Saudi Arabia and Russia which see him, connected to the CIA as he is, to be the only man with the ability to unite the country under one government, for ill or for good...read more
Chagos and the Dark Soul of the British Labour Party
Added 8 April 2019
Even if you think you know all about the Chagos story – an entire population forcibly removed from their island homeland at British gunpoint to make way for a US Air Force nuclear base, the people dumped destitute over a thousand miles away, their domestic animals gassed by the British army, their homes fired and demolished – then I beg you still to read this.
This analysis shows there could be no more startling illustration of the operation of the brutal and ruthless British Establishment in an undisguisedly Imperialist cause, involving actions which all reasonable people can see are simply evil. It points out that many of the key immoralities were perpetrated by Labour governments, and that the notion that either Westminster democracy or the British “justice” system provides any protection against the most ruthless authoritarianism by the British state, is utterly baseless... read more
“The Africa Spring”: The US Is Stoking Congo’s “Deep State” Civil War in Order to “Contain” China
Added 1 April 2019
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, henceforth known as the Congo) just underwent its first-ever “democratic” transfer of power in its nearly 60 year history after a controversial election that many observers believe was rigged so that outgoing President Joseph Kabila could retain power as the mineral-rich country’s “grey cardinal” through a newly installed proxy. As the narrative goes, popular anti-systemic opposition candidate Martin Fayulu was denied the presidency in order for supposedly distant second-place contender and scion of a famous opposition leader Felix Tshisekedi to take power instead as part of a speculated behind-the-scenes deal with the “Establishment”, though this arrangement might be on the verge of unraveling as a result of American interference...read more
Proud Afrikans Removing Gandhi Statues Across Africa!!!
Added 19 March 2019
Is the United States about to lose control of its secretive Diego Garcia military base?
Added 12 March 2019
The cruel eviction of the Chagosian people from their country by the British government in 1965, in order to turn it into a US military base, has finally been exposed by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) as an illegal act under international law. The racist removal of the Chagosian people by Britain's colonial government is further evidence of the numerous violations of the human rights of African people for which the British and US governments bear responsibility. In response to the recent ICJ ruling, the British government has so far refused to say that it will accept the verdict. The US base must be dismantled, the Chagosians returned to their homeland and the British and US governments must end their interference in Africa.
The secretive Diego Garcia military base may be 1,000 miles from the nearest continent, but it has all the trappings of a modern American town. The troops here can dine on burgers at Jake's Place, enjoy a nine-hole golf course, go bowling or sink a cold beer at one of several bars. The local command has nicknamed the base the "Footprint of Freedom."
But while cars here drive on the right side of the road, this is not American soil: It is, in fact, a remote remnant of the British Empire. That is because in 1965, in the middle of the Cold War, the United States signed a controversial, secret agreement with the British government to lease one of the 60 or so Indian Ocean atolls that make up the Chagos Islands to construct a military base.
That deal was secret because the UK was in the process of decolonizing Mauritius, of which the Chagos archipelago was a dependency. The Chagos Islands never got its independence day. Instead, it was cleaved from Mauritius and renamed the British Indian Ocean Territory, a move that the United Nations' highest court in 2019 ruled was illegal under international law... read more
Canada deploys two warships to West Africa
Added 1March 2019
Canada has deployed two warships, HMCS Kingston and HMCS Shawinigan, to West Africa – “to work with partners & allies to enhance maritime security + stability” in the Gulf of Guinea,” in the words of Vice Admiral Ron Lloyd. Maritime Forces Atlantic (MARLANT) stated the aim of “#OpPROJECTION West Africa today, is to work with African nations to build partner capacity, promote maritime security, and foster relationships in the region.” None of this has to do with the defence of Canada... read more
This Day. A reflection on Amílcar Cabral, Portugal and NATO
Added 29 January 2019
On January 20, 1973, Amílcar Lopes da Costa Cabral, leader of the national liberation movement in Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde in West Africa, was assassinated, just months before Guinea Bissau won its long independence struggle against Portugal.
Guinea-Bissau was once part of the kingdom of Gabu, part of the ancient Mali Empire; parts of this kingdom persisted until the 18th century. Other parts of the territory in the current country were considered by the Portuguese as part of their empire. Portuguese Guinea was known as the Slave Coast, as it was a major area for the exportation of African slaves by Europeans to the western hemisphere...read more
The 'great game' of military bases in Africa
Added 25 January 2019
In June 2018, Nancy Lindborg, director of the US Institute of Peace (USIP), visited the headquarters of AfriCom in Stuttgart. The USIP is the equivalent of the NED for the Department of Defense. It develops « humanitarian » actions just like the NED promotes « democracy ». Obviously, this is not a philanthropic foundation by the Pentagon, but a tool for its Intelligence services.
Created in 2007 on the findings of an Israëli study, AfriCom (US Command for Africa) has never yet managed to install its headquarters on the continent. This structure carries out anti-terrorist operations from Germany, with the support of France in the region of the Sahel. In return, US and French transnational companies conserve a privileged access to African prime materials...read more
Gabon – democratic struggle means French and US troops going home
Added 22 January 2019
On 7th January, we entered the new year with an announcement on Gabonese radio, that the government of Gabon has been overthrown by the military, bringing an end to the 51-year rule of the Bongo dynasty. The group took advantage of the President being absent for medical treatment for some months to attempt the overthrow but were beaten back after a few hours. The group referred to itself as the Patriotic Youth Movement of the Gabon Defence and Security Forces. However, given the way they were stopped and their appeal to the population falling on deaf years, they hardly look anything like a popular movement...read more
“New Scramble for Africa”: The UAE Will Help India “Multi-Align” Against China in Africa
Added 15 January 2019
India's External Affairs Minister, Sushma Swaraj shakes hands with the United Arab Emirate's Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, at the India-UAE Joint Commission Meeting in Abu Dhabi, in December 2108, where both coountries signed a memorandum of understanding to jointly invest in Africa.
The modern-day “Scramble for Africa” has been ongoing for quite a while, but it had hitherto mostly been between the US and China until the past year or so, with these two Great Powers encroaching in their own ways in the continental-wide “sphere of influence” that France has historically staked out as its own. Since then, America’s GCC allies – chief among them the UAE – have established themselves as the diplomatic kingpins in the strategic Horn of Africa region, coming on the heels of their Turkish competitor’s comprehensive strategic push all throughout the landmass. Concurrent with this, Russia surreptitiously returned to the continent via the unlikely route of its UN-approved military assistance mission in the Central African Republic, while the US’ Indian and Japanese allies have attempted to expand their reach in this part of the world through the “Asia-Africa Growth Corridor” (AAGC)...read more
British Museum to return Benin bronzes to Nigeria
Only in Britain could the thieves loan the loot to the rightful owners!!
Added 19 December 2018
More than a century after British soldiers looted a collection of priceless artifacts from the Kingdom of Benin, some of the Benin bronzes are heading back to Nigeria - with strings attached.
A deal was struck last month by the Benin Dialogue Group (BDG) that would see "some of the most iconic pieces" in the historic collection returned on a temporary basis to form an exhibition at the new Benin Royal Museum in Edo State within three years... read more
Tanzania Orders Destruction of Monsanto / Gates’ GM Trials Due to Illegal Use for Pro-GM Propaganda
Added 12 December 2018
Tanzanian civil society organisations (CSOs) welcome the decision of the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Mathew Mtigumwe, to bring an immediate stop to all ongoing GM field trials taking place in the country. These are under the auspices of the Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA) project which includes Monsanto, the Gates Foundation and national research centres. This decision has since been verified by the newly appointed Minister of Agriculture, Japheth Hasunga in latest media reports.... read more
Obama Militarily Occupied Africa
Added 5 December 2018
“In the 8 years that Barack Obama was president, “AFRICOM went from 3 military bases to 84 bases” on the continent, said Paul Pumphrey, co-founder of Friends of Congo, speaking at a conference against US and NATO bases in Dublin, Ireland. Between 1996 and 2006, the US-backed regimes of Rwanda and Uganda, “by UN estimates, killed over 6 million people in Congo,” said Pumphrey... Listen
Donald Trump to rival China's investment in Africa
Added 18 October 2018
The 5th October signing into law by President Donald Trump of the Better Utilization of Investments Leading to Development (BUILD) Act of 2018 is a clear sign that the US intends to intensify its struggle against China in this new scramble for Africa's wealth and resources. The Act which is intended to facilitate the increased penetration of US capital into all sectors of African economies is part and parcel of the ongoing struggle for foreign control of the African continent. Far from the BUILD Act being a mechanism for bringing about development in Africa, it is a means for strenghtening the US economic enslavement of the continent.
President Donald Trump is expected within days to approve an initiative to overhaul US investment strategy in Africa.
Kenya is likely to benefit from the plan designed by key figures in the US Congress in response to China's enhanced economic and political influence in the Sub-Saharan region.
A State Department official told reporters last week that the shift will offer Africa "a better alternative to Chinese state investments".
Known as the Build Act (Better Utilisation of Investments Leading to Development Act), the legislation will double, to $60 billion (Sh6tn), funds for promoting US corporate investment in Africa... read more
"We don't want to participate in the Commonwealth...."
Added 26 September 2018
Julius Malema, leader of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) of South Africa, discusses colonialism and African unity in the lead up to Theresa May's recent visit to that country.
The IMF comeback in Africa
Added 18 September 2018
The rising debt that is threatening to bankrupt several countries on the African continent has sparked the renewed interest in the organization that many had wanted no more to do with.
At the end of August, oil-rich Angola in southern Africa turned to the IMF in Washington. President Joao Lourenco is hoping that in addition to emergency loans, it will also provide support for economic reforms.
Nine more African countries have sought IMF funding, including Mozambique, Ghana and the Republic of Congo. The IMF's Africa programme amounted to $7.2 billion (€ 8.3 billion) in 2017 – four times that in 2014... read more
US Military Presence in Africa: All Over Continent and Still Expanding
Added 11 September 2018
Around 200,000 US troops are stationed in 177 countries throughout the world. Those forces utilize several hundred military installations. Africa is no exemption. On August 2, Maj. Gen. Roger L. Cloutier took command of US Army Africa, promising to “hit the ground running.”
The US is not waging any wars in Africa but it has a significant presence on the continent. Navy SEALs, Green Berets, and other special ops are currently conducting nearly 100 missions across 20 African countries at any given time, waging secret, limited-scale operations. According to the magazine Vice, US troops are now conducting 3,500 exercises and military engagements throughout Africa per year, an average of 10 per day — an astounding 1,900% increase since the command rolled out 10 years ago. Many activities described as “advise and assist” are actually indistinguishable from combat by any basic definition... read more
Theresa May to make first trip to sub-Saharan Africa by UK leader in five years
Added 28 August 2018
In pursuit of Britain's colonialist aims in Africa, Theresa May embarks on a visit to 3 African countries, as part of the British government's preparations for exiting the EU and launching its so-called 'Global Britain'.
Theresa May will become the first British leader in five years to visit sub-Saharan Africa this week, making a three-day trip that includes meetings with the presidents of South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya.
The prime minister will bring a trade delegation with her on a chartered RAF Voyager in an attempt to boost Britain’s post-Brexit export prospects, although she comes at a time when the government has been accused of a paying insufficient attention to the region... read more
Niger suppresses dissent as US leads influx of foreign armies
Added 15 August 2018
The demonstration was planned for 4pm on 15 April, a warm Sunday afternoon in the somnolent Nigerien capital. The protesters had two main complaints: rising taxes and the fact that, in recent years, some of the world’s most powerful armies had descended on their country.
But before the civil society leaders could even get to the march, they were arrested.
When a group of heavily armed men on motorbikes killed four American special ops soldiers in remote Niger last October, it was the first many had heard of the war the US was helping fight against a local branch of Isis... read more
Prime Minister Theresa May hosts a bilateral meeting with South African President Cyril Ramaphosa
Added 4 July 2018
Much can be deduced from the nature of the UK’s relationship with South Africa by examining the above report from the Prime Minister’s Office on the meeting between Theresa May and Cyril Ramaphosa. Of particular interest is the final paragraph, which states “£50 million new UK funding across the next four years to help South Africa improve its business environment to make it more attractive to investors including in the UK and ultimately lift some of the poorest people in South Africa out of poverty by creating jobs and opportunities. The funding will be used to identify and dismantle barriers to trade within Africa and beyond, creating a wealth of opportunities for the UK businesses over the coming years.”
This, as ambiguous as it is, does not bode well for the South African national economy. Britain has a long colonial, military and imperialist history in South Africa. Successive British governments supported the Apartheid regime in South Africa, branding the ANC as a terrorist organisation, a position in contradiction to the British people who were largely opposed to the Apartheid regime. British companies have invested heavily in South Africa, especially in the extractive industries. More recently, the scandalous British advertising consultancy Bell Pottinger was found to be actively circulating racist messages aimed at creating divisions between different communities in South Africa. This scandal so tainted the company that is had to close it operations. Africa, in general, following the imposition of the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)s by the European Union is one of the most open regions of the world. In other words, it is already “barrier free”. This is on top of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank (WB) structural adjustment programs (SAP) which further opened up African countries to foreign exploitation. It is in this context that the British government is placing its main focus on reducing barriers to British companies exploiting opportunities in South Africa.
There is a crisis of poverty and inequality in Britain in a period where there is a relatively low unemployment. Many working people have to rely on top up benefits and food banks to make ends meet. A lot of the jobs created in Britain are zero hour contracts with increasingly limited terms and conditions of work. When the British government speaks of lifting people in South Africa out of poverty through the creation of jobs it can be clearly understood that this is just the double speak of modern marketing language, it does not in any way shape or form represent what it sounds like... Report of the meeting
China Is Centralizing Its Levers of Control Over the Congo
Added 27 June 2018
Bloomberg reported at the beginning of this week that 35 Chinese mining companies came together to form the “Union of Mining Companies with Chinese Capital” (also known as USMCC per its French acronym) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC or simply Congo) “at the initiative of China’s embassy and on the advice of Congo’s mines minister”. This represents nothing less than the establishment of a powerful lobbying group that centralizes China’s enormous economic influence over the Congo and provides Beijing with the possibility of exerting its political will, interestingly at what was supposedly the suggestion of Kinshasa itself. On the surface, it might seem peculiar that a mineral-rich country would ask its top trading partner to do such a thing given the predisposition of any state to worry about losing its sovereignty through such means, but the situation in the Congo is unusual by any standard and deserves some further elaboration in order to understand the current context... read more
China to Host First Africa-China Security, Defense Forum
Added 7 June 2018
China will host the first-ever China-Africa security and defense forum later this month, a Chinese military spokesperson said last Thursday. The move signals deepening ties between the world’s most rapidly developing country and a number of nations in the developing world.
Ren Guoqiang, spokesperson for the Chinese Ministry of National Defense, said at a press briefing Thursday that the African participants will visit the Chinese armed forces, including the army, navy and air force. The forum itself will focus on regional security issues and the development of Africa's own security capacities, in addition to mutual cooperation, Xinhua News Agency reported...read more
The Expanding Role of Chinese Peacekeeping in Africa
Added 22 May 2018
In December 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping stated that “[China] will proactively push forward the construction of a global network of partners and will proactively push for political solutions for international hot issues and difficult problems”. While this policy began under the presidency of Hu Jintao, the level of Chinese involvement has grown rapidly under the Xi administration. China’s increased involvement in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping is one clear example of this proactive policy. In 2015, President Xi promised to make 8,000 troops available to the UN, and he also offered to help train 2,000 peacekeepers from other countries... read more
United Nations Stabilization Mission in Mali
Added 24 April 2018
The UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) was established by an April 2013 Security Council resolution following France's intervention in January of that year. The official mandate of the mission as established by the UN Security Council was to support political processes in that country and carry out a number of security-related tasks. The Mission was tasked to "support the transitional authorities of Mali in the stabilization of the country and implementation of the transitional roadmap." In 2014 the mandate was expanded to "focus on duties, such as ensuring security, stabilization and protection of civilians; supporting national political dialogue and reconciliation; and assisting the re-establishment of State authority, the rebuilding of the security sector, and the promotion and protection of human rights in that country."... read more
No to Expanding Canada's Military Presence in Africa
Added 16 April 2018
On March 19, Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan and Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland announced that Canada would be sending a task force of an as-yet undetermined number of troops and Chinook and Griffon helicopters to join the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) for a one-year deployment. The announcement in fact expands Canada's military involvement in Mali and the Sahel region of Africa which has been ongoing since 2010.
A Department of National Defence press release says that the mission is to "bring sustainable peace and stability to Mali and the Sahel." "Canada is committed to building a more peaceful and prosperous world. Ensuring the safety and security of our citizens -- and those of our allies -- means working to confront instability and conflict around the world. Canada's support for United Nations peacekeeping will help vulnerable and marginalized communities build a better future for themselves," the press release says...read more
The Strategic Implications Of A Possible Russian Base In Somaliland
Added 11 April 2018
If the unconfirmed reports about a possible Russian base in the breakaway region of Somaliland are to be believed, then Moscow is finally flexing its military muscles beyond Eurasia and signaling its eagerness to return to Africa.
The typically trustworthy Alt-Media information portal South Front republished the claims that have been circulating for the past couple of days about a possible Russian military base in the breakaway region of Somaliland, a development that initially caught many observers off guard but is entirely explainable in hindsight if it actually comes to pass. The report alleges that Moscow has been in talks with the self-proclaimed authorities in Hargeisa to build a small multiuse air and naval facility in the Djibouti-bordering town of Zeila in exchange for formally recognizing the region’s “independence”. The UAE is already constructing its own base in.... read more
China Says U.S. Wants World For Itself And That's Why It Can't Accept Beijing's Role in Africa
Added 06 April 2018
China has defended its expanding role in Africa after lawmakers in Washington announced they would open an investigation into Beijing's push for economic and military influence in a number of countries there.
House Intelligence Committee Chairman Devin Nunes, a GOP representative from California, said on Fox News's Sunday Morning Futures with Maria Bartiromo that China was "a big problem" and that he and fellow Republican lawmakers were "running an investigation on many aspects of China," including allegations of intellectual property theft, currency manipulation and its "military footprint" in Africa. The following day, the Chinese Foreign Ministry denied charges of malpractice and called for cooperation rather than competition with the U.S....read more
Deal With U.S. Military Sets Off Protests in Ghana
Added 03 April 2018
Thousands of Ghanaians rallied in the streets of their capital on Wednesday to protest a deal that would give the United States military an expanded role in Ghana.
As part of the agreement struck last week, the United States would invest about $20 million in equipment and training for the Ghanaian military, carrying out joint exercises with Ghana and using the nation’s radio channels and runways.
Ghanaian officials said the agreement was an extension of a two-decades-long relationship between the United States and Ghana, a West African nation that has been a regular host of bilateral and multilateral military exercises... read more
Dispossession Does Not Mean Accumulation: Capitalist Accumulation in Africa
Added 20 March 2018
In recent decades, worldwide contemporary events of expropriations, evictions and dispossessions have come to the forefront of public and academic debates. Similar events to those that occurred in Europe at the dawn of the capitalist mode of production are now being dramatically reproduced in the periphery of the world-system. Africa, for instance, is probably the most significant area of so-called land grabs, considering just one example of dispossession. The Land Matrix (2018) shows that of the 42 million hectares of agricultural land that have potentially been converted from smallholder production to commercial use worldwide, 22 million hectares are African. Departing from Marx’s so-called primitive accumulation, scholars have claimed that such an inaugural process of capital would be an ongoing process. For Saskia Sassen, capitalism has advanced to a new phase of of primitive accumulation that arose as a result of the financialisation of the economy. For others, primitive accumulation never ceased to exist given that it is necessary to late capitalism and, for this reason, must coexist with it (see De Angelis; Hardt and Negri; Harvey)...read more
Hunger in the Name of Development: Rwandan Farmers Under Stress
Added 8 March 2018
At the opening of the 15th National Leadership Retreat, president Kagame asked national leaders why Rwanda is among the worst performers in terms of child malnutrition. A recent report – still publicly unavailable – of the National Institute of Statistics found a child malnutrition rate of 38 percent. This figure seems a weird anomaly in a country that is lauded for its ‘developmental success.’ Average yearly growth rates around 7.2 percent are among the top 10 globally. The country ranks 41st on the World Bank Doing Business Report, and is applauded as one of the world’s most performing business reformers. At the continental level, the country is praised for the implementation of a Green Revolution and named top performer in the transformation of the agricultural sector... read more
Tax Avoidance and Evasion in Africa
Added 5 March 2018
Tax avoidance, tax evasion, tax heavens, illicit financial flows and global tax governance are real buzzwords that have come to dominate current international political and financial domains. Tax avoidance, understood as the use of the so-called ‘loopholes’ in the tax legislation to reduce one’s tax payments increasingly tops news charts. The recent EU’s blacklist of 17 tax havens, Paradise Papers and last year’s Panama Papers are among the starkest examples. Recent waves of tax dodging scandals including those of tax evasion – the use of unlawful means to escape paying tax – pushed many governments globally towards implementing various structural changes to taxation systems. Moreover, there is a growing call towards making the ‘fight’ against the exploitation of tax regulations ‘a global effort’ and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD), Tax Inspectors Without Borders and the Declaration on Automatic Exchange of Information are amongst the most prominent measures of this kind... read more
New Evidence of Africa’s Systematic Looting, From an Increasingly Schizophrenic World Bank
Added 19 February 2018
A brand new World Bank report, The Changing Wealth of Nations 2018, offers evidence of how much poorer Africa is becoming thanks to rampant minerals, oil and gas extraction. Yet Bank policies and practices remain oriented to enforcing foreign loan repayments and transnational corporate (TNC) profit repatriation, thus maintaining the looting.
Central to its “natural capital accounting,” the Bank uses an “Adjusted Net Savings” (ANS) measure for changes in economic, ecological and educational wealth. This is surely preferable to “Gross National Income” (GNI, a minor variant of Gross Domestic Product), which fails to consider depletion of non-renewable natural resources and pollution (not to mention unpaid women’s and community work)...read more
Spurious Justifications of Britain, France and the EU for their Intervention in Africa
Added 6 February 2018
The annual Anglo-French summit meeting took place on January 18 with a high-level meeting at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst between Prime Minister Theresa May and President Macron. Although the summit's agenda was presented as wide-ranging, it was evident that increasing military activity and what is referred to as security co-operation was at the heart of the meeting. What was particularly evident, was increasing intervention in the affairs of African countries by France and Britain both to prevent what is described as the threat of "Islamist-terrorism" in the Sahel and to establish the borders of the EU firmly in that region allegedly to control the flow of migrants to Europe and prevent modern forms of slavery... read more
Pushed into a Dead End
Berlin is shaping Tunisia to fit the interests of German investors
Added 23 January 2018
Protests continue against the new Finance Act, which is leading to drastic price hikes in Tunisia, a site of German low wage production. The IMF had imposed the Act on the country to combat the consequences of the structural crisis, in which Germany had played a role in creating. German enterprises and the German government have contributed to Tunisia’s focusing its production on but a few export sectors - particularly the textile and cable production - which cannot offer any real possibilities for the country's development. Because of its heavy dependence on foreign enterprises, Tunis was forced to grant investors tax benefits, which helped drive that country into a dept trap. Last year, Tunisia had to pay nearly a fifth of its budget to foreign creditors, according to a study by the German Left Party-affiliated Rosa Luxemburg Foundation. Within the framework of the G20-"Compact with Africa," Berlin is shaping Tunisia to fit the interests of German investors... read more
UAE-backed Egyptian forces arrive in Eritrea
Added 11 January 2018
Following coordination with the United Arab Emirates, Egyptian forces arrived in Eritrea today, Al Sharq has reported. The forces are armed with modern technology and heavy armoured vehicles. Sources told Al Sharq that a meeting was convened between the UAE, Egypt and the Sudanese opposition representing groups in Darfur and eastern Sudan. There are no reported military confrontations.
The military presence in Eritrea may be a response to Sudan allowing Turkey to take over Suakin Island in Sudan temporarily last year, as part of a broader Turkish engagement policy in Africa. Suakin was once Sudan’s largest port and governed by the Ottoman Empire but has fallen into disuse since the creation of Port Sudan in the 20th century just 60 kilometres to the north... read more
New Age Colonialism: British Companies Control $1.05 trillion of African Resources
Added 2 January 2018
101 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange are said to be in control of an identified $1.05 trillion worth of resources in Africa. These companies have mining operations in over 37 countries on the continent and 59 are incorporated in the United Kingdom while 12 are incorporated in British tax havens. The rest are mainly domiciled in London in spite of being incorporated elsewhere. This is not even the worst news; the British government is enabling the exploitation using its political gravitas to pressure African countries into adopting policies that are favorable for British interests. It is a deplorable replay of colonialism...read more
Pentagon explanations for Niger operations can’t conceal strategic interests
Added 5 December 2017
Operations in Niger are part of a broader strategic plan to further dominate Africa military and economically. The Sahel is a treasure trove of valuable minerals and other natural resources. U.S. military occupations, although said to be based on cooperative efforts between the host governments and Washington, clearly represent the interests of international finance capital based on Wall Street...read more
President Trump Accelerates Drone Strikes In Somalia
Added 29 November 2017
President Trump’s expansion of war is most evident in the skies of Somalia where an acceleration in drone strikes have been reported.
U.S. Africa Command has conducted fourteen airstrikes since August bringing the year’s total to eighteen. The increased tempo of airstrikes started in September between the Kismayo and Mogadisu region.
Earlier this month, we reported on Trump’s administration hitting a new milestone - when U.S. Africa Command launched its first airstrike against the Islamic State-linked fighters - further accelerating the US presence..read more
France intensifies intervention in West Africa with launch of Sahel G5 force
Added 24 November 2017
The Sahel, which has been devastated by the 2011 NATO war in Libya and the resulting French war in Mali starting in 2013, is facing a new military escalation as France steps up its deployments in the strategic, resource-rich region in its former colonial empire.
The new regional force set up by Paris, the Sahel G5—comprising Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Chad—carried out its first operation, code-named Haw Bi (“Black Cow”) from October 27 to November 11 in the border region between Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. The G5 force operated in coordination with French troops and the MINUSMA, the 12,000-strong UN peacekeeping force in Mali. It carried out patrols aimed at ethnic Tuareg or Islamist fighters hostile to Paris and the Malian central government in Bamako... read more
UN slams EU-Libya blockade of refugee flow
Added 20 November 2017
The European Union's policy of helping the Libyan authorities intercept migrants in the Mediterranean and return them to "horrific" prisons in Libya is "inhuman", the United Nations said Tuesday.
"The suffering of migrants detained in Libya is an outrage to the conscience of humanity," the UN human rights chief Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein said in a statement...read more
Memorandum on Libya: Fabrications against the State, Leadership and Army
Added 17 November 2017
This memorandum aimed to pinpoint some of facts that the Libyan people were subjected to during the past six years where the most horrendous crimes were committed against its people. These crimes were committed under the name of human intervention, protection of civilians, introducing democracy and prosperity where the NATO forces, with the help of some Arab countries and a few Libyans, attacked Libya with all weapons under its disposal. The justifications put forward were as false as the invasion of Iraq in 2003, and in fact it was a systematic destruction of a sovereign country and a peaceful nation...read more
The Militarization of the Sahel
Added 14 November 2017
Nearly five years after the European military mission was launched in Mali, experts are describing the country's situation as a disaster and warning against Berlin and Paris' further militarization of the Sahel. Mali "has never" seen "such a level of violence" as "currently," says a former French diplomat...read more
The psychological damage done by second hand clothing in Africa
Added 9 November 2017
In Kenya, they are called the “clothes of dead white people.” In Mozambique, they are the “clothing of calamity.”
They are nicknames for the unwanted, used clothing from the West that so often ends up in Africa.
Now, a handful of countries here in East Africa no longer want the foreign hand-me-downs dumped on them because they’re trying to manufacture their own clothes.
But they say they’re being punished for it — by the United States.
Here in East Africa, Rwanda, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, South Sudan and Burundi have been trying to phase out imports of secondhand clothing and shoes over the last year, saying the influx of old items undermines their efforts to build domestic textile industries. The countries want to impose an outright ban by 2019...read more
Burundi Becomes First Country to Withdraw From International Criminal Court
Added 8 November 2017
The small African country of Burundi, where ICC prosecutors are investigating alleged human rights violations, has become the first to leave the International Criminal Court; the government claims that the institution is biased against non-Western countries.
Burundi has become the first country to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, a year after notifying the US Secretary General of its intention to withdraw from the Rome Statute which underpins the Court... read more
Pentagon justifies military expansion in Africa as key to ‘global strategy’
Added 2 November 2017
The Pentagon is calling for an increase in the US military footprint in Africa, where there are over 6,000 troops currently stationed. This as a top general confirms the four US soldiers killed in Niger were ambushed by an Islamic State-affiliate.
Speaking from the Pentagon on Monday, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Joseph Dunford told reporters that US troops in Niger do not go on patrol with local forces unless the chances of enemy combat are “unlikely.” He confirmed the four US service members killed in the October 4 ambush were taken by surprise when they were attacked by a group of 50 militants affiliated with the Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL)... read more
Why is the US at war in West Africa?
Added 27 October 2017
Between 2006 and 2010 the deployment of US special forces troops in Africa increased by 300 per cent. From 2010 to 2017 the numbers of deployed troops exploded by nearly 2000 per cent, occupying more than 60 outposts tasked with carrying out over 100 missions at any given moment across the continent.
The October 4 killings of four US Green Berets in Niger has provided a rare glimpse into the far-reaching American military operations throughout the African continent which have been conducted almost entirely in secret.
Pentagon officials on Friday told reporters that the ambush was carried out by a self-radicalized group supposedly affiliated with ISIS. The Pentagon additionally admitted that at least 29 patrols similar to the one that was fatally ambushed have been carried out by American soldiers in Niger... read more
Turkey opens its largest overseas military base in Africa
Added 18 October 2017
Turkey has launched a major military base in Somalia. The $50 million facility is designed to provide support and training to troops of the war-torn country which is struggling to rebuild its national security forces.
Turkey opened the new military training facility south of Somalia’s capital city Mogadishu Saturday. Senior officials, including Turkey's Chief of General Staff Hulusi Akar and Somalia’s Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire attended the opening ceremony, which is expected to house and train at least 1,000 soldiers at a time...read more
Live-fire show of force by troops from China’s first overseas military base
Added 10 October 2017
Troops from China’s only overseas base have staged their first live-fire drills in what military analysts said was a major show of combat readiness.The exercises in Djibouti on Friday involved dozens of officers and took place at the country’s national gendarmerie training range, the People’s Liberation Army Navy said in an online report. Troops arrived at the base – China’s first overseas garrison – less than two months ago and the drill was meant to test the personnel’s capacity to handle a range of weapons and tasks in extreme heat, humidity and salinity, the report said... read more
War and colonialism in the Central African Republic
Added 15 September 2017
For the vast majority of media outlets Africa is a continent in chaos, a place of countless massacres, epidemics, and starvation caused by conflicts, that generate extremist groups which mercilessly loot, rape, and kidnap.
Also a place with enchanting landscapes, abundant mineral resources, and at the same time threatened by drought and desertification, for many in the West, Africa is the kingdom of tribal conflicts, smuggling, and inevitable poverty...
BBC World Service: expanding 'global democracy' or just a tool of soft power for the UK?
Added 12 September 2017
This month, 54 years after the end of the bloody conflict with the Mau Mau rebels that ended three-quarters of a century of imperial rule in Kenya, the British are returning to their former East African colony – in word, if not in deed.
Afaan Oromo, spoken in Ethiopia and Kenya, is one of a dozen dedicated language channels being launched on various platforms by the BBC World Service over the next few weeks. In Nigeria, ruled by London from 1800 to 1960, the British are already wielding new influence – on August 21, the BBC introduced a new digital service in Pidgin, an informal language derived from English and spoken by tens of millions of people in West and Central Africa, including 75 million in Nigeria alone. Pidgin and Afaan Oromo are among a dozen new tongues being added to the BBC’s portfolio in the biggest expansion of the World Service since the Second World War, bringing the total languages broadcast to 40. Half of the 12 new languages are spoken in Africa, chiefly in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Nigeria, but the BBC is also launching services aimed at North Korea, Russia and parts of India. New Arabic-language radio programmes for the Gulf and North Africa were added in May. According to the BBC, which aims to extend its reach from 308 million to 500 million people by 2022, it is merely doing the non-English-speaking world a favour...
MINUSCA Accused of Complicity in Central African Republic Attack
Added 7 September 2017
A parliamentarian from the Central African Republic has accused the UN Mission (MINUSCA) of complicity in an attack that killed dozens of people in the eastern city of Gambo, media reported today.
Local deputy Michel Kpingo stated that even though everyone wanted to replace the MINUSCA's Moroccan contingent of the Minusma, they did not do so, and 'the complicity of those soldiers was clearly established in Gambo incidents', he explained in relation to the assault, killing 10 Red Cross workers...read more
Africa in post-Brexit Europe
Added 5 September 2017
Some see the popular vote in the UK to withdraw from the European Union as a major blow that diminishes the future of Europe. But Brexit is a distraction from the core threat to Europe: policy driven by business strategy in response to a looming demographic crisis.
At a time when nationalist and separatist movements seem to constrain Europe, the EU is expanding its role as a global actor. Against the backdrop of xenophobia and an aging workforce, an emerging public-private alliance of EU policy and business leaders is creating its own client states in African countries where emigration is highest. ... read more
Colonialism’s new clothes: The EU’s Economic Partnership Agreements with Africa
Added 1 September 2017
Since 2002, African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries have negotiated a reciprocal free trade agreement known as the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the European Union (EU). While it was marketed as the magic bullet towards the ACP countries’ industrialisation and development, it is in fact an unfair agreement that is anchored in a colonial framework.
Though not highly publicised, the EPA has faced continued opposition from across the ACP countries, not least because of its devastating effect on small scale farmers. The case of some African countries presented here is illustrative of the way communities are fighting to regain control over their resources and protect their markets from the flooding of cheap EU processed foods, along with pesticides and genetically modified organisms... read more
ANC Policy Conference 2017: Questions raised over SA’s Brics membership
Added 24 August 2017
The ANC’s national policy conference has questioned the value of South Africa’s cherished membership of Brics – the Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa forum – which is a cornerstone of South Africa’s foreign policy. This was one of several conference decisions more or less at odds with national foreign policy, including a call for solidarity campaigns with banned Swazi political parties and for the downgrading of the South African embassy in Israel... read more
South Africa Joins Calls to Boycott Africa-Israel Summit
Added 22 August 2017
South Africa is preparing to boycott October's Africa-Israel summit in Togo, the country’s ambassador to Lebanon announced this week. Ambassador Sean Benfeldt says that the meeting aims to normalize relations between African countries and an “occupation state.” He highlighted Israel’s “inhumane blockade of the Gaza Strip”, while pressing to end the humanitarian suffering of Palestinians in the besieged territory.... read more
Secret US Military Documents Reveal a Constellation of American Military Bases Across Africa
Added 10 August 2017
Gen. Thomas Waldhauser sounded a little uneasy. “I would just say, they are on the ground. They are trying to influence the action,” commented the chief of US Africa Command (AFRICOM) at a Pentagon press briefing in March, when asked about Russian military personnel operating in North Africa. “We watch what they do with great concern.”
And Russians aren’t the only foreigners on Waldhauser’s mind. He’s also wary of a Chinese “military base” being built not far from Camp Lemonnier, a large US facility in the tiny, sun-blasted nation of Djibouti. “They’ve never had an overseas base, and we’ve never had a base of…a peer competitor as close as this one happens to be,” he said. “There are some very significant…operational security concerns.” ... read more
Struggle for Influence in Africa
Added 02 August 2017
Overshadowed by the dispute on free trade and the Paris Climate Agreement, the German government has found acceptance for its Africa policy initiatives at the G20 summit in Hamburg. The G20 states in Hamburg have backed the "Compact with Africa" initiative, Berlin seeks to use for gaining new influence on the African continent. The "Compact" includes measures enabling industrial nations, such as Germany, to set their preferred conditions for investments in individual African countries... read more
US military considers ramping up Libya presence
Added 18 July 2017
Having played a key role in the destruction of Libya in 2011, the US government is now using the resulting chaos as an excuse to further interfere in the affairs of that country.
A new diplomatic and military policy for Libya that could significantly expand US involvement in the country could be finalized by the Trump administration in the next few weeks, according to two US officials.
The policy, if approved, would aim to further the existing US goal of supporting reconciliation between rival factions in eastern and western areas of Libya. The policy could also lead to the eventual re-opening of the US embassy and the establishing of a new intelligence sharing effort led by US special forces, according to the officials. ...read more
France’s Macron Calls Problems in Africa 'Civilizational'
Added 11 July 2017
French President Emmanuel Macron has come under fire for calling problems in Africa “civilizational" at the G20 Summit in Hamburg, Germany.
When a journalist from the Ivory Coast asked the newly-elected leader why there was no Marshall Plan for Africa, the billions of dollars in economic aid the United States poured into destroyed European countries after World War II, Macron responded with a three-minute soliloquy...... read more
Tanzanian farmers are facing heavy prison sentences if they continue their traditional seed exchange
Added 12 June 2017
In order to get developmental assistance, Tanzania amended its legislation, which should give commercial investors faster and better access to agricultural land as well as a very strong protection of intellectual property rights.
‘If you buy seeds from Syngenta or Monsanto under the new legislation, they will retain the intellectual property rights. If you save seeds from your first harvest, you can use them only on your own piece of land for non-commercial purposes. You’re not allowed to share them with your neighbors or with your sister-in-law in a different village, and you cannot sell them for sure. But that’s the entire foundation of the seed system in Africa’... read more
World is plundering Africa's wealth of 'billions of dollars a year'
Added 3 June 2017
More wealth leaves Africa every year than enters it – by more than $40bn (£31bn) – according to research that challenges “misleading” perceptions of foreign aid.
Analysis by a coalition of UK and African equality and development campaigners including Global Justice Now, published on Wednesday, claims the rest of the world is profiting more than most African citizens from the continent’s wealth.
It said African countries received $162bn in 2015, mainly in loans, aid and personal remittances. But in the same year, $203bn was taken from the continent, either directly through multinationals repatriating profits and illegally moving money into tax havens, or by costs imposed by the rest of the world through climate change adaptation and mitigation .......... read more
Oppose Attempts to Establish EU Borders in Africa
Added 1 June 2017
It was recently reported that representatives of the governments of Italy and Germany called on the EU to establish a mission on the border of Libya and Niger, ostensibly to curtail the numbers of migrants and refugees who eventually cross the Mediterranean and arrive in Europe. Ministers of the Interior from Italy and Germany wrote a joint letter to the EU Commission in early May stating that more must be done to "prevent that hundreds of thousands of people once again risk their lives in Libya and on the Mediterranean Sea in the hands of smugglers".
In fact, this demand is a request for an extension of the existing EUCAP Sahel Niger mission, part of the EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), begun in 2012 to allegedly give "security" advice to the government of Niger. Already over 120 representatives of European security forces and justice departments are deployed in Niamey, the country's capital. Since 2014 EUCAP personnel have also been deployed in Agadez, central Niger, specifically.... read more
The war you’ve never heard of
The U.S. is waging a massive shadow war in Africa, exclusive documents reveal
Added 30 May 2017
Six years ago, a deputy commanding general for U.S. Army Special Operations Command gave a conservative estimate of 116 missions being carried out at any one time by Navy SEALs, Army Green Berets, and other special operations forces across the globe.
Today, according to U.S. military documents obtained by VICE News, special operators are carrying out nearly 100 missions at any given time — in Africa alone. It’s the latest sign of the military’s quiet but ever-expanding presence on the continent, one that represents the most dramatic growth in the deployment of America’s elite troops to any region of the globe.....read more
The CFA Franc: French Monetary Imperialism in Africa
Added 24 May 2017
On 11 August 2015, speaking at the celebrations marking the 55th anniversary of the independence of Chad, President Idriss Deby declared, ‘we must have the courage to say there is a cord preventing development in Africa that must be severed.’ The ‘cord’ he was referring to is now over 71 years old. It is known by the acronym ‘CFA franc’.
The pillars of the CFA franc
Like other colonial empires – the UK, with its sterling zone; or Portugal, with its escudo zone, France had its franc zone. The CFA franc – orginally the French African Colonial franc – was officially created on 26 December 1945 by a decree of General de Gaulle. It is a colonial currency, born of France’s need to foster economic integration among the colonies under its administration, and thus control their resources, economic structures and political systems.......read more
UAE expands military presence in Africa, Mideast
Added 8 May 2017
The United Arab Emirates is quietly expanding its military presence into Africa and elsewhere in the Middle East, a US report says.
According to the Associated Press, the UAE has new overseas bases on the African continent after deploying expeditionary forces to Yemen and Afghanistan.
The UAE is taking part in a Saudi war on Yemen to restore a former government to power, which has killed about 12,000 people so far.
Yemeni sources have revealed that the United Arab Emirates is trying to establish control over the strategic island of Socotra in the Arabian Sea, which Yemen’s resigned president Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi had rented out to the Persian Gulf kingdom for nearly a century.......read more
How Europe is Starving Africa with Cheap Food
Added 26 April 2017
Heavily subsidized crops from Europe are unfairly dumped on the African continent creating starvation and poverty when domestic producers cannot compete.
Russian special forces sent to back renegade Libyan general – reports
Added 6 April 2017
Russia appears to have deployed special forces to an airbase in western Egypt near the border with Libya in recent days, in a move that adds to US concerns about Moscow’s deepening role in Libya.
The news came as renewed violence broke out around key oil terminals in the east of the country and the capital Tripoli.
US and diplomatic officials said any such Russian involvement might be part of an attempt to support the Libyan military commander, Khalifa Haftar, who suffered a setback on 3 March with an attack by the Benghazi Defence Brigades (BDB) on oil ports controlled by his forces......read more
UK government post-Brexit plans to create Africa free-trade zone are being internally branded 'Empire 2.0'
Added 12 March 2017
Plans by government ministers to boost trade links with African Commonwealth countries are being internally branded “empire 2.0” by sceptical officials who are worried about the importance being placed on such deals ahead of the UK’s negotiations of leaving the European Union (EU).
International Trade Secretary Liam Fox is expected to promise to build better links with the whole of the 52 member countries of the Commonwealth when ministers from each country meet in London later this week.......read more
Zuma calls for land reform in South Africa
Added 10 March 2017
On March 3, in his address to the annual official opening of the National House of Traditional Leaders in South Africa's parliament, the president of that country, Jacob Zuma, outlined his government's intention to address the issue of land reform. His remarks have been greeted with a hysterical reaction by those who have benefited economically from invading African countries, seizing land by force and exploiting Africa's people and her resources.
Given the fact that previous efforts to address the injustices caused by colonial land theft, such as in Zimbabwe, have been a trigger for intensified foreign intervention in Africa, STOPFIIA is making available for its readers the full text of President Zuma's remarks on land reform. The full address can be read here. Among other remarks, Zuma stated that the ruling ANC considers that the country has entered the second phase in the transition from apartheid colonialism to a national democratic society. In addressing the issue of land reform, he stated.
The land question is central to the achievement of a National Democratic Society and true reconciliation and empowerment of our people. It is a central issue for traditional leaders.
We have identified the weaknesses in the land restitution and redistribution programme. The willing buyer, willing seller principle did not work effectively. It made the State a price taker in an unfair process. In addition, there are too many laws dealing with land reform which causes confusion and delays.
The fact remains that land hunger is real. This is not surprising as this was the fundamental question at the centre of the liberation struggle.
To attain the goal of radical socio-economic transformation in relation to land reform, we are looking at two critical actions;
First we must undertake a pre-colonial audit of land ownership, use and occupation patterns. Once the audit has been completed, a single law should be developed to address the issue of land restitution without compensation.
The necessary constitutional amendments would then be undertaken to effect this process.
We are also looking at the possible re-design and establishment of the National Land Claims Commission as a Chapter 9 Institution, so that it can have the necessary powers to help us reverse this historical injustice. This would also require a Constitutional amendment.
All of this will require unity and common purpose and action in the country, to ensure redress and meaningful reconciliation.
Naturally government and the governing party would want to ensure that this is an orderly process. We do not support chaos and illegal land grabs. Actions must be informed by the Constitution and the laws of the land.
In the meantime land reform continues on the basis of existing laws.
We urge our people that when land is made available it should be utilised to produce food so that we fight hunger and poverty. Government has committed itself to support black smallholder farmers.
To date, an estimated amount of 2.5 billion rand was made available for the provision of livestock feed, water infrastructure, drilling, equipping and refurbishment of boreholes, auction sales and other interventions.
The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries continues to support food production by women in rural areas and other subsistence farmers through the programme called Fetsa Tlala or Xoshindlala that we launched a few years ago.
Last week we launched the Operation Phakisa programme to improve the performance of Agriculture, Rural Development and Land Reform.
A lot of good work has been done by government, business, labour, academia, professional organisations and agricultural organisations to boost our agriculture sector.
We impressed upon them to ensure that land reform and black advancement in agriculture feature prominently in the work of this Phakisa programme as well.
By the time the various sectors sign an agreement in July this year, the outcome must be one that advances radical economic transformation. It should not be business as usual.
Refugee child abuse rampant in Libya, UNICEF report warns
Added 4 March 2017
Refugee children and women making the dangerous journey to Europe to flee poverty and conflicts in Africa are being beaten, raped and starved in “living hellholes” in Libya, the United Nations children’s agency, UNICEF, has said.
Children are being sexually abused, coerced into prostitution and work, and held to ransom for months in squalid, overcrowded detention centres, as they make their way along the Central Mediterranean migration route, the agency warned in a new report.... read more
Canada's Role in the overthrow of Ghana President Kwame Nkrumah
Added 28 February 2017
A half-century and one year ago today Canada helped overthrow a leading pan Africanist president. Ghana’s Canadian-trained army overthrew Kwame Nkrumah, a leader dubbed "Man of the Millennium" in a 2000 poll by BBC listeners in Africa.
Washington, together with London, backed the coup. Lester Pearson's government also gave its blessing to Nkrumah's ouster. In The Deceptive Ash: Bilingualism and Canadian Policy in Africa: 1957-1971, John P. Schlegel writes: "the Western orientation and the more liberal approach of the new military government was welcomed by Canada."
The day Nkrumah was overthrown the Canadian prime minister was asked in the House of Commons his opinion about this development. Pearson said nothing of substance on the matter. The next day External Affairs Minister Paul Martin Sr. responded to questions about Canada's military training in Ghana............read more
Boris Johnson Rejects Questions on Pro-Colonial Views in Africa
Added 17 February 2017
Britain's top diplomat’s press team blocked questions from local reporters in Gambia about his nostalgic comments for British colonialism in Africa.
During a state visit to Gambia, British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson refused to answer questions from local journalists regarding previous comments and articles where he voiced support and nostalgia for colonialism......read more
Pan-Africanism and Communism: an Interview with Hakim Adi
Added 1 February 2017
In a major interview for roape.net Hakim Adi discusses his research, activism and politics. Adi has spent year’s researching the African diaspora, Pan-Africanism and communism in the 20th century. On the anniversary of the 1917 revolution he explains that the significance of 1917 is not so much how it helps us understand the past, or as a way of understanding Africa’s history, but rather that it shows that the alternative can be created in the present and future.....read more
USAFRICOM Military Intervention in Gambia Makes Good on Pentagon “Joint Operations”
Added 23 January 2017
United States Africa Command has been planning an intervention in West Africa for years
A major military invasion of the small West African state of Gambia is taking place as troops from neighboring Senegal are entering the agricultural country.
Gambian President Yahya Jammeh had been granted a three month extension by the parliament to remain in office in the midst of a controversy surrounding the outcome of a recent national election.......read more
Added 17January 2017
Representatives of Namibia's Ovaherero and Nama peoples have filed a class action complaint, while Berlin is trying to get off cheap in the dispute over compensation for Germany's colonial crimes.
Representatives of Namibia's Ovaherero and Nama peoples have filed a class action complaint, while Berlin is trying to get off cheap in the dispute over compensation for Germany's colonial crimes. The victims' descendants are demanding compensation for the seizure of their land and cattle and for the genocide perpetrated on their ancestors in South West Africa, a German colony at the time. The German government was poised to reach a negotiated settlement with the Namibian government in the compensation dispute. Windhoek was supposed to renounce all compensation claims and, in return, receive a "Future Foundation" to appease the Ovaherero and Nama peoples - who would otherwise be left empty handed - with memorial sites and other projects of cheap "commemorative culture.".........read more
Commandos Without Borders: America’s Elite Troops Partner with African Forces But Pursue US Aims
Added 22 December 2016
Al-Qaeda doesn’t care about borders. Neither does the Islamic State or Boko Haram. Brigadier General Donald Bolduc thinks the same way.
“[T]errorists, criminals, and non-state actors aren’t bound by arbitrary borders,” the commander of Special Operations Command Africa (SOCAFRICA) told an interviewer early this fall. “That said, everything we do is not organized around recognizing traditional borders. In fact, our whole command philosophy is about enabling cross-border solutions, implementing multi-national, collective actions and empowering African partner nations to work across borders to solve problems using a regional approach.”
A SOCAFRICA planning document obtained by TomDispatch offers a window onto the scope of these “multi-national, collective actions” carried out by America’s most elite troops in Africa. The declassified but heavily redacted secret report, covering the years 2012-2017 and acquired via the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), details nearly 20 programs and activities -- from training exercises to security cooperation engagements -- utilized by SOCAFRICA across the continent. This wide array of low-profile missions, in addition to named operations and quasi-wars, attests to the growing influence and sprawling nature of U.S. Special Operations forces (SOF) in Africa.......read more
America’s Empire in Africa That You Haven’t Heard Of
Added 19 December 2016
The Obama administration has overseen an unprecedented expansion of American military might on the African continent, with dozens of bases and outposts opening there since he took office.
A Nov. 17 investigation by Nick Turse, a journalist and American military scholar, found that the United States maintains at least 60 bases or military outposts throughout Africa, although not all are actively used at all times:
“Some are currently being utilized, some are held in reserve, and some may be shuttered. These bases, camps, compounds, port facilities, fuel bunkers, and other sites can be found in at least 34 countries — more than 60% of the nations on the continent — many of them corrupt, repressive states with poor human rights records......read more
British spying: tentacles reach across Africa’s heads of states and business leaders
Added 12 December 2016
Dozens of politicians, diplomats, military and intelligence chiefs, members of the opposition and leading business figures were wiretapped across the continent.
This rare overview of modern satellite espionage could hardly be less technical and abstract, for it not only names the victims of intercepts but also reveals the scale of a surveillance operation spanning an entire continent. That continent is Africa. New documents shown to Le Monde, in collaboration with The Intercept, from the data cache of the former NSA (National Security Agency) operative Edward Snowden, originally given to Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras, offer unprecedented insight into information on twenty African countries collected by GCHQ, the British intelligence service, between 2009 and 2010.......read more
The small African region with more refugees than all of Europe
Added 11 December 2016
As Ali Kawu eases his handcart to a halt on a recent morning in north-east Nigeria, it is the first time he has dared to stop walking in more than 24 hours.
A day earlier, at 8am, Boko Haram militants raided his village. Kawu, 25, escaped with what he could – his wife, their three children, and kindling for a fire. They left behind their papers, six sacks of beans, up to 15 dead neighbours, and 10 kidnapped villagers. Then they walked all day and all night........read more
Alleged rape by French peacekeepers in CAR on larger scale than thought - NGO
Added 8 December 2016
Child and adult abuse allegedly committed by French peacekeepers in the Central African Republic may have taken place on a much wider scale than previously thought, a local NGO believes. The republic’s president has urged France to ensure justice is done.
Yamacuir Centrafrique, an NGO based in CAR capital Bangui, believes the sexual crimes committed by French troops could number more than 100, far more than “a dozen” of officially recognized cases.
Yvan, an NGO officer, told Sputnik France there have been “more than a hundred” victims of sexual abuse by French troops – including children and adults – interviewed by his organization between 2014 and 2015........read more
Canada committed to three-year deployment in Africa
Added 18 November 2016
OTTAWA—Canadian troops headed to Africa will operate in dangerous territory where peacekeepers have been killed, says Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan.
In an exclusive interview with the Star from Vancouver Sajjan said Canada has committed to a three-year deployment that will be reassessed each year to ensure it has an “enduring” impact.
It will be spread among a number of unspecified African countries, have a major focus on training and increasing “capacity” of the host nation as well as other countries’ troops, and build on existing social, economic and deradicalization programs on the ground........read more
Star economies shine amid gloomy Africa outlook: IMF
Added 8 November 2016
Conflict and low commodity prices in several countries across Africa have slowed growth significantly in 2016, according to revised GDP forecasts from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Despite the challenging climate, there are some strong performances in Africa. Côte d'Ivoire (7.98 percent), Tanzania (7.17 percent) and Senegal (6.64 percent) lead the region in terms of GDP growth.......read more
This is what Africans really think of the Chinese
Added 4 November 2016
Increasing Chinese investment in everything from small food enterprises to massive railway projects across Africa has drawn criticism and warnings of a future dependency on Asia's superpower. But what do Africans themselves think about Chinese investors? Turns out, they love them.
According to a recent report by Afrobarometer, almost two-thirds (63%) of Africans say China's influence is somewhat positive or very positive, while only 15% see it as somewhat or very negative. Increasing Chinese investment in everything from small food enterprises to massive railway projects across Africa has drawn criticism and warnings of a future dependency on Asia's superpower.
But what do Africans themselves think about Chinese investors? Turns out, they love them.
According to a recent report by Afrobarometer, almost two-thirds (63%) of Africans say China's influence is somewhat positive or very positive, while only 15% see it as somewhat or very negative......read more
The Evolving Hybrid War on Ethiopia is All About China
Added 4 November 2016
The regime change riots and torching of foreign companies which preceded Ethiopia’s imposition of a six-month-long state of emergency have more to do with waging a Hybrid War against China’s Maritime Silk Road and its Horn of Africa component than they do with airing out local socio-political grievances.
Africa’s second-most populous country and one of the world’s fastest growing economies has been in sporadic turmoil over the past 10 months as its largest plurality violently agitated over what it claimed to be socio-political injustices. The Oromo began protesting late last year because of opposition to the central government’s plan to expand the capital of Addis Ababa into their region. The problem arose because the municipality is entirely surrounded by Oromia Region, so it’s impossible for Ethiopia’s most important city to develop in the future without reaching some sort of compromise with the neighboring locals about their land rights......read more
The fall and rise of Ghana’s debt: How a new debt trap has been set
Added 3 November 2016
Ghana is in a debt crisis. Having had significant amounts of debt cancelled a decade ago, the country is losing around 30% of government revenue in external debt payments each year.
Ghana’s crisis is the result of a gradual increase in lending and borrowing off the back of the discovery of oil and high commodity prices. More money was then borrowed following the fall in the price of oil and other commodities since 2013, to try to deal with the impact of the commodity price crash, whilst the relative size of the debt also grew because of the fall in the value of the Ghanaian currency, the cedi (GH¢), against the dollar ($).......read more
China respects some African countries' decisions to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC)
Added 1 November 2016
China respects some African countries' decisions to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC) and understands their long-standing concerns with the court, a Foreign Ministry spokesperson said Wednesday.
Spokesperson Lu Kang's remarks came after Gambia announced its withdrawal from the ICC on Tuesday, for the court's "unfairly targeting Africa," following similar decisions by South Africa and Burundi.....read more
Another African Nation Drops 'International Caucasian Court'
Added 31 October 2016
Despite the West's drones, preemptive military strikes, and illegal occupations, the International Criminal Court has indicted 39 defendants in its 16 years, all Africans.
Calling the International Criminal Court the "International Caucasian Court," Gambia Tuesday became the third African nation to announce its departure from the Hague tribunal which has indicted 39 defendants in its 16-year career, all Africans........read more
South Africa announces decision to quit International Criminal Court
Added 31 October 2016
South Africa has joined Burundi in officially announcing its withdrawal from the International Criminal Court (ICC), saying its laws are incompatible with obligations under the ICC.
The South African government gave a formal notice of its intention to pull out of the ICC on Friday.
South Africa “found that its obligations with respect to the peaceful resolution of conflicts at times are incompatible with the interpretation given by the International Criminal Court,” the document, signed by International Relations Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane...........read more
End Britain's Domination and Exploitation of the Human and Material Resources of the African Continent
Added 13 September 2016
The recently published War on Want report "The New Colonialism" highlights the extent of British monopoly control of Africa's major resources and the fact that the monopolies operate with total impunity. They are, of course, not answerable to the people and governments of Africa but are able to openly flout international law to exploit the human and material resources of the African continent with full support of the British government and the major international institutions......read more
Tug-of-War: Will Japan Manage to Break Into African Market Despite China?
Added 29 August 2016
Despite China's ever-increasing clout in Africa, Japan will most likely manage to carve out its own niche in the African market, Alexey Maslov, an Asian policy expert from the Moscow-based Higher School of Economics, told Sputnik.
In an interview with Sputnik, Alexey Maslov, an expert on Asia from the Moscow-based Higher School of Economics, did not rule out that Japan will be able to carve out its own niche in the African market despite China's growing clout in the continent.
The interview came after the Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) wrapped up in Nairobi, in an event that saw Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe pledging that his country will allocate a whopping 30 billion dollars for the development of African countries in the next three years.......read more
China responsible for a third of electrification projects in Africa
Added 22 August 2016
China is enhancing its participation in efforts to increase power production capacity in Africa, specifically in Angola and Mozambique, a factor that the International Energy Agency (IEA) considers vital for the continent’s development.
In the recent study on “Boosting the Power Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa – China’s Involvement”, the IEA estimates that Chinese companies were responsible for nearly 30 percent of newly added electricity production capacity between 2010 and 2015 in that region of the African continent, which includes Angola and Mozambique......read more
What a Trump or a Clinton presidency will mean for Africa
Added 16 August 2016
The job of a US president is to protect and enhance the American Empire. But sadly, African leaders continue to waste time expecting manna from Washington. Decades of being let down by unfulfilled promises from American (and Western leaders) appear not to dampen enthusiasm to keep on expecting a miracle.
Barring any shattering political quake, it appears that Donald Trump and Hilary Clinton will slug it out the US November presidential elections.
That such a profoundly illiterate, shockingly ignorant and crass politician like Trump gets to vie for the presidency of the world’s most important nation should tell us that something is fundamentally wrong with American politics. But that is a story for another day.........read more
DRC: Communities mobilise to free themselves from a century of colonial oil palm plantations
Added 12 August 2016
After many years of running oil palm plantations, the world’s largest food company Unilever sold the lands it had grabbed mostly to foreign companies. The communities living next to and within Unilever’s former plantations are amongst the poorest in Africa. Now they are mobilizing to fight their grabbed land.
Oil palms are native to the forests of Central and West Africa and inseparable from the region’s peoples and their cultures. Communities in this part of the world have relied on oil palms for thousands of years — as a source of food, textiles, medicines and construction materials. Most of the world’s oil palms, how ever, are cultivated far away, in Southeast Asia, and not in forested palm groves, but on massive monoculture plantations where tropical forests used to stand. These oil palm plantations are a product of Europe’s brutal colonial legacy.....read more
PM Modi's Africa visit: New dimension to ties
Added 10 August 2016
NEW DELHI: Following the successful India Africa Forum Summit hosted by New Delhi last October in which all 54 African countries participated, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's four-nation visit to the continent from July 7 to 11 have given a pronounced leg-up to India-Africa ties.......read more
The New Colonialism: Britain's scramble for Africa's energy and mineral resources
Added 31 July 2016
Companies listed on the London Stock Exchange control over $1trillion worth of Africa’s resources in just five commodities - oil, gold, diamonds, coal and platinum. My research for the NGO, War on Want, which has just been published, reveals that 101 companies, most of them British, control $305billion worth of platinum, $276billion worth of oil and $216billion worth of coal at current market prices. The ‘Scramble for Africa’ is proceeding apace, with the result that African governments have largely handed over their treasure..... read more
Billions leave Africa in illicit financial flow
Added 27 July 2016
Illicit financial flows (IFFs) have deprived Africa of much needed development finance to achieve its development goals, according to a new United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) report.
The UNCTAD Economic Development in Africa Report 2016 estimates that between 1970 and 2008 a total of US854-billion (R12218-billion) left Africa in IFFs. This is an incredible amount of money because one third of this could have helped Africa pay its external debt in 2008. It is estimated that this amount is equivalent to the official development assistance that Africa received in that same period.....read more
Africa: AU Advisory Body Slams International Criminal Court
Added 19 July 2016
Ahead of an African Union summit that begins Sunday, a key advisory body of the organization has condemned the International Criminal Court, saying its focus has been limited to Africa since its founding in 2002.
The Economic Social and Cultural Council (ECOSOCC) does not speak for the AU. However, its statements echo the complaints of African leaders who have pushed for member countries to quit the Rome-based court, which has jurisdiction in 124 nations over alleged cases of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.... read more
The New Colonialism
Added 16 July 2016
The continent of Africa is today facing a new colonial invasion, no less devastating in scale and impact than that which it suffered during the nineteenth century. As before, the new colonialism is driven by a determination to plunder the natural resources of Africa, especially its strategic energy and mineral resources. At the forefront of this ‘scramble for Africa’ are British companies, actively aided and abetted by the UK government...........read more
Brexit: A Nail in the Coffin of Neo-colonialism in Africa
Added 1 July 2016
Brexit is cause for celebration for the peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America. The European Union is the historical heir to the Berlin Conference of 1884 that divided the world into Euro-North American spheres of dominance. Europe has inflicted immense suffering on the rest of the planet. “Believing Brexit could represent the beginning of the end for international cooperation, is to believe that the world does or should revolve around Europe.....read more
US, Kenya, Uganda Militaries Join in African Partnership Flight Exercise
Added 30 June 2016
Kenyan, Ugandan and US air forces are conducting personnel recovery and combat rescue operations in Kenya as part of a first of its kind joint training exercise African Partnership Flight, the US Air Force said in a press release......read more
India must act against Afrophobia in its cities
Added 25 June 2016
In an unprecedented move, envoys of the African nations came together last week to protest against the Indian government. They even threatened to boycott the Africa Day celebrations on May 26. The reason behind their anger was not the killing of a Congolese citizen in the capital New Delhi, but the Indian government's indifference toward the case.
"The Group of African Heads of Mission have met and deliberated extensively on this latest incident in the series of attacks to which members of African community in India have been subjected in the last few years. They note, with deep concern, that several attacks and harassment of Africans in India have gone unresolved without diligent protection and conviction of perpetrators," the envoys said in a statement to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government..... read more
Strong leadership drives Malaysian investment in Africa
Added 20 June 2016
When Chinese President Xi Jinping visited the UK, the media spotlight was on the country's remarkable economic growth and its growing investment worldwide, including in Africa.
But many could be forgiven for thinking that China is the topmost investor in Africa, given the high profile nature of the country's presence on the continent.
However, according to a UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) report in 2013, Malaysia was ranked as the top Asian investor in Africa in 2011, the latest year for which figures were available.
The report revealed that after France and the US, Malaysia was the third largest foreign investor in Africa followed by China .......read more
Turkey seeks greater role and influence in Africa
Added 16 June 2016
Turkey has been diligently working to expand its influence in Africa, a move to boost its ambitious strategy to emerge as a global actor in the region.
The increasing frequency of visits to Africa by top Turkish officials since the beginning of this year indicates the importance Turkey attaches to the continent.
As many as 10 African countries have been visited by top Turkish officials in recent months.
Turkey's interest in Africa is particularly fostered by the expectation that the continent will emerge, with its fast-growing economies and rich natural resources to be exploited, as a major global actor in the second half of this century....... read more
Africa outperforms global economy despite downward revisions
Added 12 June 2016
Africa continues to outperform other world regions despite falling commodity prices and rising conflict in 2015, according to revised GDP figures forecasted by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) accessed via Analyse Africa........... read more
Western financial system absolutely detrimental to Africa
Added 30 May 2016
Press TV has conducted an interview with Lawrence Freeman, an African policy analyst from Baltimore, to talk about the 2nd Regional Security Summit in Abuja which is intended for discussing the ways of impeding Boko Haram’s empowerment in the West African region.......... read more
Ghana's women farmers resist the G7 plan to grab Africa's seeds
Added 26 May 2016
Sharing and saving seed is a crucial part of traditional farming all over Africa, writes Heidi Chow. Maybe that's why governments, backed by multinational seed companies, are imposing oppressive seed laws that attack the continent's main food producers and open the way to industrial agribusiness. But Ghana's women farmers are having none of it.......... read more
American military forces launched combat actions in the East African country of Somalia on Tuesday, destroying at least three military vehicles manned by fighters with the militia group al-Shabab.
US personnel provided “defensive fire,” including salvos of helicopter-based missiles, during fighting near an African Union (AU) checkpoint manned by Ugandan troops.
The US troops, who are deployed to Somalia as “advisors” to the African Union AMISOM force, engaged in other combat operations earlier this week, carrying out a raid against the Somali village of Toratorow. They have been operating from their headquarters inside the fortress-like international airport in the Somali capital of Mogadishu, where they have organized a special proxy unit known as the “Lightning........... read more
One thing that keeps me puzzled.........
Added 20 May 2016
The BRICS New Development Bank and Africa
Added 2 May 2016
This set of three little essays is intended to outline the context in which the recent widely publicised BRICS initiatives have been taking place. In particular, the inauguration of new international banks is seen as a response to the dominance of Western finance capital and the failure of the so-called ‘Washington Consensus’ neoliberal orthodoxy that has produced negative economic effects worldwide, but nowhere more so than in developing countries.
Africa, which has about 16 per cent of the world’s population but only about two per cent of GDP and trade, has been particularly badly affected by the Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) demanded by the IMF and World Bank as the price of ‘ensuring macroeconomic stability’ in indebted developing countries. The European Commission (EC) has ensured compliance with the SAPs by making such programmes a condition of aid and trade with the European Union. This has been secured through formal agreements with African governments, starting with various phases of the Lome Convention, and continuing through the Cotonou Agreement and various Economic Partnership Agreements.......... read more
Nigeria China Currency Swap Agreed
Added 21 April 2016
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Governor, Mr. Godwin Ifeanyi Emefiele, has expressed optimism that the agreement reached between Nigeria and China last week on a currency swap will strengthen the naira and help reduce the strong demand for the US dollar in the country.
President Muhammadu Buhari last week travelled with a high-level government delegation to China where he signed a $6 billion deal to fund joint infrastructure projects.
During Buhari’s visit to Beijing, the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd (ICBC), the world’s biggest lender, and Nigeria’s central bank signed a deal on yuan transactions......... read more
UK firm 'employed former child soldiers' as mercenaries in Iraq
Added 20 April 2016
A former senior director at a British firm says that it employed mercenaries from Sierra Leone to work in Iraq because they were cheaper than Europeans and did not check if they were former child soldiers.
James Ellery, who was a director of Aegis Defence Services between 2005 and 2015, said that contractors had a “duty” to recruit from countries such as Sierra Leone, “where there’s high unemployment and a decent workforce”, in order to reduce costs for the US presence in Iraq........ read more
Resistance, Crisis and Workers in Zimbabwe
Added 17 April 201
ROAPE’s Leo Zeilig talks to Antonater Tafadzwa Choto about the ongoing economic crisis in Zimbabwe, the impact on ordinary people, and some of the factors that are likely to worsen or mitigate the crisis in forthcoming years. Choto is a well-known labour activist, researcher and currently director of the Zimbabwe Labour Centre.
Can you please give us a few details about the history of your own activism?
I have worked for years as a social justice activist after having participated in a number of workers and social justice struggles from the mid-1990s. Initially I was involved in a feminist group that campaigned against discrimination against women, with women harassed and attacked. Later I became a socialist active in the labour struggles of the 1990s. I am currently the director of the Zimbabwe Labour Centre. The ZLC stands for the justice for working people in the work place and society at large. We also campaign against neo-liberal policies that, we believe, have had a disastrous impact on Zimbabwe......... read more
Wealth doesn't trickle down – it just floods offshore, research reveals
Added 14 April 2016
The world's super-rich have taken advantage of lax tax rules to siphon off at least $21 trillion, and possibly as much as $32tn, from their home countries and hide it abroad – a sum larger than the entire American economy.
James Henry, a former chief economist at consultancy McKinsey and an expert on tax havens, has conducted groundbreaking new research for the Tax Justice Network campaign group – sifting through data from the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and private sector analysts to construct an alarming picture that shows capital flooding out of countries across the world and disappearing into the cracks in the financial system........ read more
84% of World Bank's private investments in Sub-Saharan Africa go to companies using tax havens
Added 13 April 2016
Fifty-one of the 68 companies that were lent money by the World Bank's private lending arm in 2015 to finance investments in sub-Saharan Africa use tax havens, Oxfam revealed today.
Oxfam's new analysis focused on International Finance Corporation's (IFC) investments in Sub-Saharan Africa. It shows that together these 51 companies, whose use of tax havens has no apparent link with their core business, received 84 percent of IFC investments in that region in 2015. It also reveals that the IFC has more than doubled its investments in companies that use tax havens in just five years - from $1.2billion in 2010 to $2.87billion in 2015........ read more
Migration and brain drain from Africa acute – Report
Added 12 April 2016
One in every nine people who are born in Africa and have a university degree is a migrant in one of the 34 member states of the OECD – the world’s most developed countries.
According to a joint report on global migration released by the United Nations' Department of Economic and Social Affairs, or UN DESA, and the OECD secretariat, there are about 30 million African migrants out of the global total of 232 million migrants.
The emigration rates of highly educated citizens to OECD member countries is a major concern for the developing world.
....... read more
How the EU starves Africa into submission
Added 10 April 2016
It is estimated that Africa imports nearly 83 per cent of its food. African leaders are seeking ways to feed their peoples and become players in the global economy.
In the second edition of The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa, I argue that Africa can feed itself in a generation. However, efforts to achieve such an ambitious goal continue to be frustrated by policies adopted by Africa’s historical trading partners, especially the European Union.
....... read more
The EU is keeping Africa poor
Added 10 April 2016
In all the arguments over the EU and Britain’s continued membership, most centre around the self-interest element of membership. And of course, it is right in many ways that it does so, each has a responsibility to his own – his family, his neighbour, his fellow countryman. But although the arguments about the interest of the British people receive much coverage, the wider effects of the European Union have received little attention. There is a moral dimension to the way that the developed world, and especially the EU, makes policy in respect to its links with the developing world.
In the 1970’s, and agreement was reached with a number of African countries which created a fairly laudable system of preferential sectoral access agreements, tariff free import quotas for the signatory nations and access to aid via the European development fund. The Lomé Convention began with a number of countries which had previously been colonies of the European powers, which had previously based trade on links to the old world. It increased to encompass 71 African and Caribbean countries by the time of its last renegotiation in 1989 (Lomé IV). The ulterior motive though was clear – this gave EEC nations guaranteed access to raw materials and agricultural products, which helped to maintain price stability. Bu the moral aspect of it should not be underestimated. The sense of responsibility to former colonial possessions was still fresh in the mind of the former world powers, Britain foremost among them.
....... read more
More than 100 Females — Mostly Minors — Say They Were Forced to have Sex with UN Peacekeepers and a Dog in Central Africa
Added 9 April 2016
More than 100 girls and women have come forward with new sexual abuse accusations against international peacekeepers in Central African Republic, the U.N. said Thursday, calling allegations that a French military commander forced three girls to have sex with a dog “shocking to the core.”
The revelations dramatically expand an already alarming scandal involving troops sent to protect civilians in the world’s hotspots who become predators instead.
U.N. spokesman Stephane Dujarric said 108 alleged victims of sexual abuse have been interviewed by a U.N. team in Kemo prefecture, east of the capital Bangui, the vast majority of them minors. The allegations date from 2013 through last year and far eclipse the 22 allegations of sexual abuse and exploitation in Central African Republic in 2015 that the U.N. reported earlier this month. ....... read more
Mozambican Workers and Communities in Resistance
Added 8 April 2016
The chill effect from the Mozal strike notwithstanding, the first decades of the 21st Century have seen a growing number of popular protest actions at workplace and community levels, both urban and rural. Work stoppages and wild cat strikes involving small numbers of workers have been frequent, neither organized nor sanctioned by the unions. Workers were faced with a government intent on luring foreign investors by offering implicit, if not explicit, promises of cheap, compliant labour. Noted Mozambican economist Carlos Nuno Castel-Branco captures succinctly how the labour system was, and is, negatively articulated to the broader political economy.
… the dominant political economy of Mozambique is focused on three fundamental and interlinked processes, namely the maximization of inflows of foreign capital – FDI or commercial loans – without political conditionality; the development of linkages between these capital inflows and the domestic process of accumulation and the formation of national capitalist classes; and the reproduction of a labour system in which the workforce is remunerated at below its social cost of subsistence and families have to bear the responsibility for maintaining (especially feeding) the wage-earning workers by complementing their wages… (Castel-Branco: 2015) ....... read more
Corruption threatens to derail Africa’s defences
Added 7 April 2016
Seeking to counter emerging threats, African states have not only enhanced their coordination through the African Union (AU) and its newly formed African Standby Force (ASF). More than two thirds of countries have also increased defence expenditure.
The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) estimates that overall military spending in Africa has increased by 91 percent since 2005.
But despite improvements in capabilities and organisation of some of the continent’s armies, new research by anti corruption watchdog Transparency International shows that many still struggle with significant weaknesses that stem from corruption across the defence sector. ....... read more
The U.S. Extends Its Drone War Deeper Into Africa With Secretive Base
Added 21 March 2016
GAROUA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, proclaimed the sign on the concrete and glass terminal building. The designation was something of a misnomer, because only three or four planes land each week in this sleepy outpost in northern Cameroon, near the Nigerian border, all of them domestic flights. The schedule of the flights tends to be unpredictable. The aging jet that had just flown me to Garoua from Douala, for example, had made an unscheduled stop in N’Djamena, the capital of neighboring Chad, so that a government minister could attend a funeral nearby. As a result, the plane had touched down in Garoua five hours late.
But that wasn’t the only unusual thing about this Cameroon Air flight. Inside the cabin I had noticed several young men who were unmistakably U.S. military — close-cropped hair, athletic builds. And as I descended from the plane and set foot on the tarmac into the blast furnace heat, I spotted a curious triumvirate waiting for them: a middle-aged, sunburned white man wearing cargo pants and a green T-shirt, flanked by two U.S. soldiers in camouflage gear.. ....... read more
Ndaitwah clarifies Namibia’s withdrawal from ICC
Added 17 March 2016
International Relations and Cooperation Minister Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah has explained government’s reasons for withdrawing from the International Criminal Court (ICC) as a signatory, saying Namibia joined the ICC immediately after Independence due to the weakness of internal institutions at the time.
She said government in 1990 inherited weak institutions from the architects of apartheid, hence the decision at the time to look abroad for interim assistance.
She was responding to the news that Cabinet, on the request of the Swapo Party, has resolved that the country should withdraw from the ICC – whose recent actions are seen as a deviation from the original mandate. ....... read more
The recolonisation of Libya
Added 16 March 2016
In 1911, Italy occupied Libya with an expeditionary force of 100,000 men. Shortly after the invasion, the Italian army shot and hanged 5,000 Libyans and deported thousands more. In 1930, on the orders of Mussolini, half of the population of Cyrenaïca, about 100,000 people, were deported into about fifteen concentration camps, while the aviation crushed the resistance by bombarding the villages with chemical weapons, and the army surrounded the area with 270 kilometres of barbed wire. The head of the resistance, Omar al-Mukhtar, was captured and hanged in 1931. So began the demographic colonisation of Libya ....... read more
Kwame Nkrumah : The Coup That Set Ghana and Africa 50 Years Back
Added 13 March 2016
A few days after the overthrow of the Convention People’s Party government of Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana’s pioneer president, in a bloody coup d’état on February 24, 1966, our primary school teachers hurriedly organized a crash course on public demonstration for us.
We were taught a song, which has etched indelibly on my mind till now. The lyrics of the song roughly translate as: “Kotoka, drive him away; Nkrumah is coming!” We were then sent on a march through the main streets of the town, chanting the newly-minted and hurriedly taught song in praise of the coup plotters and in vilification of Nkrumah.
As we sang and waved flags, I vividly remember singing what I thought was the song we were taught on the assembly grounds that fateful morning. “Drive him away, Konkonte; Nkrumah is coming!” Unsuspectingly, I had mistaken the name of the coup leader, Lt. General Emmanuel Kwasi Kotoka with “kokonte,” a Ghanaian dish, which is made from dry cassava flour....... read more
The London Fix: Price-Making in Capitalism
Added 26 February 2016
Barring some resources in Russia and elsewhere, South Africa claims more than 70% of global platinum production, and over 95.5% of known global reserves of this metal. In 2014, the country’s platinum sales totaled over R84 billion (upward of 7.5 billion USD). Despite its global dominance at the level of resource ownership and production, South Africa (from government to industry) has little input in the price-making process. Indeed it is a price taker. Instead, the ‘value’ and price of platinum is determined primarily by large banks in an institutional set-up that is a de-facto insider racket.
Historically, four entities largely determined the pricing process during two daily teleconferences. These proceedings were confidential and inaccessible to the public including traders, refiners and other participants. Some of the four members were involved in every aspect of the trade from warehousing to buying and selling it, laying the field wide open to anti-competitive behavior including price-fixing...... read more
Envoy: Iran to grow rice, wheat in Africa
Added 08 February 2016
Iran is reportedly looking to lease land in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania for large-scale food production to serve local and export markets.
More than 10 Iranian companies have expressed interest in growing and processing rice, corn and wheat in East Africa, Iranian Ambassador to Kenya Hadi Farajvand has said.
He said Iran is supporting mechanized agriculture beyond its borders, with companies leasing huge chunks of land and applying modern agricultural methods to grow food for export to Iran..... read more
Canadian special forces from Petawawa headed to Africa next month for counter-terrorism exercise
Added 29 January 2016
As many as 100 soldiers, most of them special forces from Petawawa, will be heading to Senegal to conduct counter-terrorism training for African commandos.
The training comes in the aftermath of the killings of six Canadians in Burkina Faso and as western nations try to shore up African militaries to battle Islamic extremists.
Maj. Steve Hawken, a spokesman for the Canadian Special Operations Forces Command, said the military personnel are taking part in Exercise Flintlock,..... read more
China Moving Toward Reaching Deal With Djibouti on Building Military Base
Added 29 January 2016
China and Djibouti have “reached consensus” regarding the construction of logistical facilities in the African state. The deal that has been hinted at for months has finally been confirmed. ..... read more
US, Global Companies Buy Cobalt at Mines That Pay Kids $1 a Day
Added 25 January 2016
Multinational companies, including some from the United States, are under fire after two nongovernmental organizations accused them of indirectly fomenting child exploitation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where minors are paid around US$1 for 12-hour days mining cobalt, a highly toxic chemical used in lithium-ion batteries for cell phones and laptops. ..... read more
Why America Should be Worried About China's New Military Base in Africa
Added 18 January 2016
Last year, China began talks with Djibouti to install a "logistics hub" and airfield in the east African nation.
The United States, which also has military installations in Djibouti, raised concerns about China’s expanding sphere of influence. According to James Poulos, writing for The Week, Washington is right to be worried..... read more
Nestle Faces Lawsuit over Child Slavery in Ivory Coast
Added 18 January 2016
Three of the world’s leading food companies are to face a lawsuit in the United States over child slavery in the Ivory Coast after the U.S. Supreme Court refused to dismiss the lawsuit.
Nestle, Archer-Daniels-Midland and Cargill are being sued for turning a blind eye and contributing to human rights violations by purchasing cocoa from the Ivory Coast in full knowledge of the country’s child slavery problem.
The Supreme Court decision Monday backs up a 2014 ruling by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals that had also refused to dismiss the lawsuit against them..... read more
Hillary Emails Reveal True Motive for Libya Intervention
Added 14 January 2016
The New Year’s Eve release of over 3,000 new Hillary Clinton emails from the State Department has CNN abuzz over gossipy text messages, the “who gets to ride with Hillary” selection process set up by her staff, and how a “cute” Hillary photo fared on Facebook.
But historians of the 2011 NATO war in Libya will be sure to notice a few of the truly explosive confirmations contained in the new emails: admissions of rebel war crimes, special ops trainers inside Libya from nearly the start of protests, Al Qaeda embedded in the U.S. backed opposition, Western nations jockeying for access to Libyan oil, the nefarious origins of the absurd Viagra mass rape claim, and concern over Gaddafi’s gold and silver reserves threatening European currency..... read more
In Mali and Rest of Africa, the U.S. Military Fights a Hidden War
Added 06 January 2016
THE GENERAL LEADING the U.S. military’s hidden war in Africa says the continent is now home to nearly 50 terrorist organizations and “illicit groups” that threaten U.S. interests. And today, gunmen reportedly yelling “Allahu Akbar” stormed the Radisson Blu hotel in Mali’s capital and seized several dozen hostages. U.S. special operations forces are “currently assisting hostage recovery efforts,” a Pentagon spokesperson said, and U.S. personnel have “helped move civilians to secured locations, as Malian forces clear the hotel of hostile gunmen.” ..... read more
China seeks navy base in Namibia
Added 21 December 2015
IS China set to secure another naval base on the continent, weeks after it finally confirmed that it was in talks with the strategically-located city state of Djibouti?
Namibian president Hage Geingob has left the region none the wiser on an issue that has been widely speculated on this year after he this week in an interview said that while his country had been approached, he was not aware of a specific proposal. ..... read more
AFRICOM’s Secret Empire: US Military Turns Africa Into ‘Laboratory’ Of Modern Warfare
Added 21 December 2015
The Obama administration has overseen an unprecedented expansion of American military might on the African continent, with dozens of bases and outposts opening there since he took office.
A Nov. 17 investigation by Nick Turse, a journalist and American military scholar, found that the United States maintains at least 60 bases or military outposts throughout Africa, although not all are actively used at all times..... read more
In Senegalese shoe capital, Chinese not welcome
Added 21 December 2015
“If I see a Chinese person, I put my hand up like this,” said Mactar Gueye, his palm open, in the universal gesture for stop. “It’s not that I’m afraid of them. I just won’t sell to them.”
In a veiled swipe at China’s role in Africa, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton told a university audience in Senegal on Wednesday that the US will tie investment to human rights and sustainable development. Though she did not mention China by name, it’s clear that Africans are being asked to ponder their relationship with China, which recently became the continent’s main trading partner...... read more
Is Europe Complicit in the Plundering of Western Sahara?
Added 21 December 2015
Western Sahara, formerly a Spanish colony, has been occupied by Morocco since 1975. Although the decolonization of Western Sahara has been on the U.N.’s agenda for 40 years, Morocco (together with its allies) has managed to freeze this process, while further entrenching its hold of the occupied territory.
One of the reasons behind Morocco’s aggression and annexation was Western Sahara’s abundance of natural resources, and ever since the occupation began, Morocco has plundered these resources for economic profit. Western Sahara has one of the largest phosphate reserves in the world and is famous for its rich fishing waters, perhaps the richest along the African coast. Furthermore, the prospects for locating oil and gas deposits has attracted exploration in the territory..... read more
China Seeks Wider Global Reach With African Loans, Naval Presence: Analysts
Added 12 December 2015
China on Friday announced it would extend $60 billion in debt facilities to African countries as well as writing off existing loans in a three-year plan to extend its influence in the region.
President Xi Jinping unveiled the plan in conference with leaders at a meeting of the African Union, while pledging at the same time not to “interfere in the internal affairs” of sovereign African nations........... read more
In Mali and Rest of Africa, the U.S. Military Fights a Hidden War
Added 12 December 2015
THE GENERAL LEADING the U.S. military’s hidden war in Africa says the continent is now home to nearly 50 terrorist organizations and “illicit groups” that threaten U.S. interests. And today, gunmen reportedly yelling “Allahu Akbar” stormed the Radisson Blu hotel in Mali’s capital and seized several dozen hostages. U.S. special operations forces are “currently assisting hostage recovery efforts,” a Pentagon spokesperson said, and U.S. personnel have “helped move civilians to secured locations, as Malian forces clear the hotel of hostile gunmen.”.......... read more
In the Wake of The Mali Terrorist Attacks: Escalation of U.S. and French Military Interventions in Africa?
Added 24 November 2015
Despite the presence of French and United States Special Forces inside Mali, the siege of the Radisson Blu Hotel in Bamako on November 20 has resulted in the deaths of over two dozen people.
U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) leader Army General David Rodriguez continues to maintain that the purpose of Washington’s military policy on the continent is to assist nation-states in their efforts to enhance the security capacity of various governments.......... read more
Africa’s Children Return! Cuba and Southern African Liberation
Added 23 November 2015
“The Cuban people hold a special place in the hearts of the peoples of Africa. The Cuban internationalists have made a contribution to African independence, freedom and justice, unparalleled for its principled and selfless character … Cubans came to our region as doctors, teachers, soldiers, agricultural experts, but never as colonizers. They have shared the same trenches with us in the struggle against colonialism, underdevelopment, and apartheid.” – Nelson Mandela......... read more
The GCC Is Expanding To Eritrea, And It’s Not Good For Ethiopia
Added 23 November 2015
Recent media reports indicate that Saudi Arabia and the UAE have contracted Eritrea’s government for assistance in the War on Yemen, using the East African state as a transit and logistics base for their operations, as well as 400 of its troops for cannon fodder in Aden................read more
The world does not aid Africa – Africa aids the world!
Added 18 November 2015
Foreign developed nations often wax lyrical about their generous donations of aid to Africa. But a coalition of UK and African researchers has released research findings that illustrate how the continent actually loses over six times the amount it receives in aid....... read more
Dr Hakim Adi - The New Scramble for Africa
Added 13 December 2015
Empire - The New Scramble for Africa
Added 23 November 2015
Huge demonstration in Africa against foreign intervention
The Coalition Against Foreign Intervention (CAFIA) was borne to express Africa's dissatisfaction to U.S. and French interference in the governance and politics of African countries, most especially situation in Libya and La Cote d'Ivoire. CAFIA organised a mammoth demonstration across some principal streets in Accra to show solidarity to the victims of foreign interventions in Libya and La Cote d'Ivoire which suffered not only in terms of property loss but human casualties as well. The peace and stability of African countries is paramount to quest to economic freedom.
New Scramble for Africa - slideshow
The Dumping of e-waste in Ghana